The Gospel of John - A Guide to the Teachings and Works of
In the New Testament, the four
gospel books were written for the purpose of proving that Jesus is the Savior
and the Lord.
The first three books in the New
Testament, Matthew, Mark, and Luke are considered to be synoptic gospel
books. Each book contains detailed
description concerning the birth of Jesus, His ministry, teachings, miracles
performed, sufferings, resurrection, ascension and so forth. Together, these three books cover the same
event but from three different points of view.
To better understand the story of Jesus in exact accounts, it is very
beneficial to use these three books as references, since they can cover all aspects
of His life. If one is able to gather
all the information on the life of Jesus from these three books, one’s
understanding towards the Lord Jesus Christ will be further enlighten.
The book of Mt was addressed to
the Jews to describe and prove to them that Jesus was the Savior God promised to
Abraham and King David (Mt 1:1-25). The
book of Mk was written for the Rom whereas the book of Lk
was addressed to the Greeks. The main
theme in each book is the same – to prove that Jesus is the Christ and Messiah
and that those who believe shall be saved while those who do not will be
condemned (Mk 16:15-16, Mt 28:18-19, Lk 24:44-49).
The author of the Book of John had
the same purpose in mind as the other authors of the synoptic gospel
books. Its contents are addressed to the
members and non-members of the apostolic church as well as readers of all
times. The Synoptic books deal with acts
and deeds of Jesus in detailed description but the Book of John tends to
emphasize more on the God like figure of Jesus.
The Bible is written by many authors, all dictated by God. (II Tim 3:16)
The Holy Spirit moves within the author to write about the human nature
of Jesus as well as his God-like nature, so that all may be able to recognize
that Jesus is the Savior and the True God.
So that all those who believe in Him may be able to receive and inherit
the eternal life. (Jn 20:31)
(The disciple whom Jesus loved)
John 21:20-24. The disciple whom Jesus
loved is the author of this book. He is
the disciple John who was among the original twelve. His father is named Zebedee, his mother is Salomi. Salomi was the sister of Mary. (Mt 27:56) John’s brother was Jas. (Mt 4:21-22)
In his youth, John had a very bad temper. He was considered among the disciples as the
son of thunder. Later, being renewed by
the Holy Spirit, he was referred to as the apostle of love. (Lk 9:49) John was
also the only disciple who followed Jesus to the Crucifixion. During His last hours, Jesus also entrusted
to John the responsibility of taking care of His mother. (Jn
19:26) John was considered to be one of
the three main pillars of the apostolic church. (Gal 2:9) After the death of Mary, the mother of Jesus,
John lived in Ephesus
to complete the writings of the book of John as well as other documents. At the time of Domitian, John was then exiled
to the island of Patmos.
There he received revelations from God.
Being inspired, he then wrote the book of Revelations. (Rev.1:9) The time when he wrote the book of John was
approximately 90 A. D.
Main points of each chapter
In the beginning, the Word became
John the Baptist’s witness and
testimony concerning Jesus Christ.
John the Baptist says he is not the
John the Baptist introduces that
Jesus is the Lamb of God.
Andrew and Simon Peter follow Jesus.
Invites Nathaniel as a disciple.
Jesus performs his first miracle.
Jesus cleanses the temple.
Jesus makes a reference of the
temple to his own body.
Jesus talks with Nicodemus
God loves all mankind.
John the Baptist says that he shall
become less and He shall become more.
Those who believe shall receive
Vs 1-30, 39-42
Jesus talks with the Samaritan
Jesus considers doing the will of
the Lord as his food.
A prophet is not honored in his
Healing the son of a city official.
Healing the woman of issuing of
blood for 38 years.
Jews criticizes Jesus for disobeying
Tells others to obey the Heavenly
Bible testifies on behalf of Jesus.
Five loaves and two fish feed the
Jesus walks on the sea.
Striving for the everlasting food.
Those who eat the flesh and drink
the blood of Jesus will have eternal life.
Peter recognizes the way to eternal
The brothers of Jesus do not believe
The multitude talks about Jesus.
Vs 30-36, 45-52
High priest plans to capture Jesus.
Those who thirst should seek after
An adulterous woman brought before
Jesus is the light of the world.
Those who do not believe in Jesus
are steeped in sin.
The Truth shall give freedom.
Those belonging to the Lord will
listen to his Words.
Before Abraham, Jesus is.
Healing blind from birth
Pharisees cross-examine the blind
who was healed.
Jesus receives the blind who was
The parable of the sheepfold.
Jesus is the good shepherd.
Jesus and the Father are one.
Jesus hears that Lazarus is sick.
Resurrection is within the Lord.
Jesus makes Lazarus rise from the
Pharisees planned to kill Jesus.
Mark anoints Jesus with perfume.
Jesus enters Jerusalem riding on a donkey.
Jesus foretells his death.
Jesus washes the feet of the
Jesus points out his betrayer.
Jesus gives a new commandment.
Foretells that Peter will deny Jesus
In the house of the Father are many
Jesus is the Way, the Truth, and the
Promises to send a counselor.
Those who love the Lord will keep
Jesus is the True Vine.
Imitate the love of the Lord.
Those who hate the Lord will hate
those who believe in Him.
The work of the Holy Spirit.
Holy Spirit will guide the disciples
to the Truth.
Asking on behalf of the name of
Jesus will be answered.
The departing prayer.
Jesus is captured.
Peter denies Jesus three times.
Jesus is examined before Pilate.
Jesus is ridiculed.
Jesus is crucified on the cross.
Asks John to take care of his
Not a bone on his body shall be
Jesus is placed in a new tomb.
Mary visits the tomb of Jesus.
Witness the resurrection of Jesus.
Jesus appears on the Sea of Galilee.
Jesus entrusts duty to Peter.
Author of John presents himself.
Please list out all the passages that contain
(the disciple whom Jesus loves, one disciple, this disciple….):
Example: (Jn 13:21-30)
Please list out all the miracles that Jesus
performed in the Gospel of John:
Example: (Jn 2:1-11)
Water turned into wine
Please list out the parables that were mentioned
in the Gospel of John:
Example: (Jn 12:24)
A kernel of wheat
Please list out all the “I am” that were
recorded in the Gospel of John:
Example: (Jn 6:35)
I am the breed of life.
Please list out all the phrases that said
“Truly, truly, I say unto you…”:
Example: (Jn 1:51)
“Truly, truly, I say unto you…”