9: Early Galilean Ministry (Lk 5:27-6:11)
In the previous passage, we
noticed that Jesus’ ministry had begun to draw the attention of the religious
leaders (5:17). This lesson examines the controversies that took place. The
scribes and Pharisees first directed their complaints at the disciples, and
eventually at Jesus Himself. In the final controversy, Jesus initiated an
action that challenged the beliefs of His accusers. Through each incident,
their resistance continued to build up until they finally plotted against Him.
“I have not come to call the righteous, but
sinners, to repentance” (5:32).
“And He said to them, ‘The Son of Man is also
Lord of the Sabbath’” (6:5).
Did You Know…?
Levi (5:27) is another name for Matthew (Mt
Showbread/consecrated bread (6:4): lit. ‘bread
of the face’, i.e. bread set before the face or presence of God (Ex. xxv. 30,
xxxv. 13, xxxix. 36, etc.)… The showbread consisted of twelve baked cakes, made
of fine flour, each containing two-tenths of an ephah… These were set in two
rows, six to a row (ma’areket, Lv. xxiv. 6).4/1183
1a. Why is it remarkable that
Jesus chose Levi to be a disciple?
1b. What does this tell us about
the nature of God’s calling?
2a. Levi seemed to respond to the
Lord’s calling without effort. But suppose you were Levi, what would it take
for you to take such a momentous step in your life? What obstacles may hinder
you from following the Lord?
2b. What can you learn from
Levi’s experience about discipleship?
3a. Why did the scribes and the
3b. In what ways do we sometimes
think and act like the scribes and the Pharisees in this story?
4a. Who are the righteous and those
who are well?
4b. Who are the sinners and the
4c. What is the irony in Jesus’
4d. What do Jesus’ words teach us
about how to receive God’s grace?
5. What is the point of the
question about fasting (33)?
6. Explain the analogy in 34-35.
7. What is the purpose of
fasting? How had the scribes and Pharisees misunderstood the purpose?
8a. What do the new garment and
new wine refer to? What are the old garment and old wineskin?
8b. Why are they incompatible?
What is the meaning of this parable?
8c. Explain verse 39.
9. By defending what the
disciples did, was Jesus abolishing God’s command to keep the Sabbath?
10. What point did Jesus
illustrate by citing the story of David?
11. What does it mean that the
Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath?
12. What lesson can we learn here
about the spirit of observing God’s commandment?
13a. Were the Pharisees genuinely
interested in keeping God’s command? What was their reason for watching Jesus
13b. We may sometimes also watch
other people closely the way the Pharisees watched Jesus. What does this reveal
about ourselves? How should we correct this attitude?
14a. How did Jesus’ question in
verse 9 point out the mistake of the scribes and Pharisees?
14b. Why did Jesus look around at
them all after asking them the question? (10)
15. Why were the scribes and
Pharisees filled with rage?