10: Middle Galilean Ministry (1) (Lk 6:12-49)
This section marks Jesus’ first
extended teaching, also known as the Sermon on the Plain (see 6:17). This may
be the same as the Sermon on the Mount in Matthew, except that Matthew and Luke
selected and presented different parts of the sermon. As a prelude to the
sermon, Luke sets the stage with the account of choosing the Twelve and healing
the great multitude. Typical of Luke’s emphasis on prayer, he did not fail to
first note that Jesus continued all night in prayer to God before all these
“And the whole multitude sought to touch Him,
for power went out from Him and healed them all” (6:19).
“Therefore be merciful, just as your Father also
is merciful” (6:36).
“But why do you call Me ‘Lord, Lord,’ and do not
do the things which I say?” (6:46).
1. Although the passage does not
state the purpose of Jesus’ prayer, looking at the whole context, what are some
possible reasons that He “went out to the mountain to pray, and continued all
night in prayer to God”?
2a. Go through the names of the
apostles and see how much you know about each of them.
2b. Why is it remarkable that
Matthew and Simon the Zealot became members of this select group?
3. Why do you think Jesus chose a
group of apostles out of all his disciples?
4. Why did the great multitude
come to Jesus?
5. What is emphasized here about
6. Who were the primary audience
of Jesus’ sermon? Who were the larger audience?
7. How does Jesus’ message on
blessings and woes compare with popular values?
8a. Who are the poor, the hungry,
and those who weep?
8b. Explain how such people are
blessed (Take note of the varying tenses in 20 and 21).
8c. Who are the rich and those
who are full?
9. According to 22-23 and 26,
what is the difference between a true believer and a false believer?
10. How do the teachings in this
paragraph relate to the previous paragraph?
11. According to these teachings,
how does Christian love transcend the love in this world?
12. Do you find it difficult to
love your enemy? What principle has the Lord offered here that can help you
overcome this difficulty?
13. How does the command to give
(38) relate to verse 37 and the previous paragraph?
14. On what governing principle
are the commands in 37 and 38 based?
15. What is the point of the
parable in 39-40?
16a. What makes a person
16b. Have you been critical of
someone lately? Based on what you have learned in this paragraph, state in your
own words why you should no longer pass judgment on this person.
17. Think of ways that can help
us see the plank in our own eyes.
18. What do the fruit and the
tree refer to?
19. How does the parable of the
tree and its fruit relate to the teachings in 37-42?
20. What kind of fruit are you
21. When you call Jesus “Lord,”
what does it mean to you?
22a. Based on your own
experience, how is putting the Lord’s words into practice like laying a solid
22b. On the contrary, why would a
person fall under trials if he does not put Christ’s words into practice?
23. The house without a
foundation may look identical to the house on the rock, and it takes much less
effort to build. What lesson can you learn from this analogy?
24. Where are you building your