The Baptism of Jesus (3:21-22)
The Genealogy of Jesus (3:23-38)
The Temptations of Jesus (4:1-13)
Was baptized, while He prayed,
Holy Spirit, beloved Son, well pleased, the son of God, filled with the Holy Spirit,
1a. Humanity: baptism in the
likeness of a sinner according to God’s requirement.
Deity: the descent of the Holy Spirit and the voice from heaven, demonstrating
that He was God’s Son and the Messiah (Jn 1:32-34).
1b. Humanity: son of man.
Deity: Son of David, demonstrating that He is the Messiah.
1c. Humanity: tempted in every
way just as we are.
Deity: total victory over temptations.
1. The baptism of Jesus served as
a testimony that Jesus was the “mightier One” who would baptize with the Holy
Spirit and fire (Jn 1:32-34). In addition to being a testimony, the baptism of
Jesus was to fulfill all righteousness (Mt 3:15). “Righteousness” refers to
meeting God’s requirements. God’s requirement that Jesus be baptized may be a
fulfillment of the requirement for priests, who were to be washed before their
service (Ex 29:4). It could also be an example for all believers, to show that
we must be baptized and receive the Holy Spirit to become the children of God
(Gal 3:26,27; Rom 8:16).
2. Even though He was without
sin, He was baptized along with all the people, taking on the form of a sinner
(cf. Rom 8:3). Thus He shared our humanity and identified Himself with all the
3b. The opening of the heavens
may be symbolic of the reconciliation between God and men which was made
possible through Jesus. The anointing of the Holy Spirit was a sign that God
had sent Jesus to the ministry (Lk 4:18). The descent of the Holy Spirit and
the voice from heaven served as seal of approval that Jesus was “the beloved
4. We can be God’s beloved
children through faith in Christ (1Jn 5:1) and by imitating the Lord Jesus, who
submitted to God’s requirements. We need to be baptized for the remission of
sins (Gal 3:26-29) and receive the promised Holy Spirit (Rom 8:16; Gal 4:6-7).
We also need to live a life that is well pleasing to the Father (Php 2:14-15).
5. The book of Matthew begins the
genealogy of Jesus with Abraham while Luke traces the genealogy back to Adam. Matthew
starts with Abraham to show and emphasize that Jesus was the Son of Abraham,
born according to promise. Luke’s intention was probably to identify Jesus as a
member of the human race and to contrast the Second Adam with the first Adam
(cf. Rom 5:14b; 1Cor 15:45-47).
Matthew follows the line of
Solomon while Luke follows that of Nathan (Solomon and Nathan were brothers).
Some propose that Matthew’s genealogy records the ancestors of Joseph while
Luke’s records the ancestors of Mary.
6. 1. To show that Jesus was a
true historical figure and a son of man. 2. To show that Jesus was a descendant
of David, for the Messiah must be David’s offspring.
7a. When He was filled with the
7a. We must be watchful at all
times, even when we feel that we are close to God. Temptations may come
suddenly after reaching spiritual heights.
8. It was God’s will that Jesus
should go through the suffering of temptation so that he may sympathize with
our weaknesses and become our merciful and faithful High Priest (Heb 2:14-18).
The victory of Jesus over the temptations also confirms what the Father spoke
of Him earlier on, “You are My beloved Son; in You I am well pleased.”
9a. By asking Jesus to turn
stones into bread, Satan hoped to lure Jesus into obeying his commands and
misusing His divine power for personal interests.
By asking Jesus to worship before
him, Satan hoped that Jesus would defy God’s commands and surrender His
authority to Satan in order to gain the world.
By asking Jesus to throw Himself
down the temple, Satan hoped that Jesus would prove his divinity by calling
upon God’s protection.
9b. They all aim at these human
weaknesses: self-centeredness; desire to prove oneself or to satisfy one’s
lust; submission to Satan’s commands in exchange for physical or material
10. Jesus responded to Satan’s
challenge to turn stones into bread by pointing out that obedience to God’s
command in order to have spiritual life is more important than sustaining the
body with food.
Jesus turned down Satan’s
attractive offer by God’s very command that we are to worship and serve only
the Lord God.
Jesus quoted the Scriptures, “You
shall not tempt the Lord your God” to show that it is wrong to deliberately put
ourselves in a situation to test the truthfulness of God’s promise.
11. Satan has control over the
authority, fame, and power of this world. Believers must not pursue vain glory
because it comes with a price—compromising with and bowing down to Satan. Gaining
the world but losing our soul (by sacrificing our time, energy, and loyalty to
God for earthly glory) would be the most foolish exchange (Mt 16:26).
12a. Satan misused the Scriptures
in order to make his case strong. Such application of God’s word for self-justification
or gratification is the source of error.
quotations of God’s word, on the contrary, were all based on the truth in God’s
words and a sincere obedience to God’s authority.
12b. We should not use God’s word
to justify ourselves for our selfish gain. Instead, we ought to study and apply
God’s word with the intent to know and obey God’s will.
13. Store God’s word in our
hearts and know God’s will.
Have a sincere desire to obey
God’s will over our personal needs.
Be faithful to God and not be
distracted by material or fleshly allurement.
14. The devil did not give up
despite his defeat. He would surely return and challenge Jesus with more
temptations. We cannot afford to lose our vigilance even for a moment. We may
have just claimed victory over some temptations, but we need to constantly
equip ourselves with God’s word and Spirit in order to meet further challenges
(Eph 6:10-18; 1Pet 5:8-9).