Parable of the Good Samaritan
Martha and Mary (10:38-42)
Teachings on Prayer (11:1-13)
What to pray for (1-4)
Persistence in prayer (5-13)
Inherit eternal life, do this and
you will live, compassion, neighbor, mercy, go and do likewise, heard His word,
worried and troubled, good part, pray, name, kingdom, will, forgive, deliver,
persistence, ask, seek, knock, Holy Spirit.
1. Obey the commandments, the sum
of which is to love God wholeheartedly and to love our neighbors as ourselves
(cf. Mt 19:16-17; 22:34-40; Mk 12:28-34; Lev 18:5). While this is God’s
requirement for inheriting eternal life, it does not mean that we can be justified
by our works. In fact, no one can be justified by keeping the law because all
have sinned (Rom 3:19-20). While we must carry out God’s commandments, we are
saved by grace through faith (Eph 2:8-10).
2. The lawyer, thinking that he
had observed God’s law perfectly and deserved eternal life, tried to justify
himself. In response, the Lord gave the parable in order to correct such
3a. The use of a priest and a
Levite in the parable was most likely directed at the common misconception of
the religious class of Jesus’ time who kept the details of the law but
neglected the spirit of love behind God’s commandments (cf. Mt 12:7; 23:23).
3b. 1. To humble the self-righteous Jews who despised the
Samaritans as religiously impure. 2. To show that God looks at a person’s
heart rather than his religious or social standing.
5. The lawyer’s question, “And
who is my neighbor?” indicates that he understood the command to love our
neighbors in a passive sense. He thought that he needed to love only those who
came to him for help. But Jesus corrected him by pointing out that he has to
take the active role of being a good neighbor by initiating acts of mercy and
compassion toward everyone who is in need.
8. She was distracted (40),
worried, and troubled (41). Consequently, she complained to the Lord and
accused her sister.
9. Sitting at Jesus’ feet and
hearing His word. Learning and doing the Lord’s words takes priority even over
10. Martha tried to take on too
many tasks of service and lost sight of the one thing that was most important.
As disciples, we need to regard learning and doing God’s word as of first
importance. The Lord’s commendation of Mary, however, does not suggest that we
should neglect our duties. Rather, it teaches us that it is better to hold on
to the most important thing than to be upset by many things and overlook our
11. The Lord set a personal
example by leading a life of prayer (1). This motivated the disciple’s desire
to learn more about prayer.
12a. He is our Father (cf. 13).
12b. We need to honor God’s
authority by carrying out His will in our lives.
12c. We should depend on God
daily for our day-to-day needs, both material and spiritual.
12d. 1. We need to ask
forgiveness because we often fall short of God’s command. 2. Before we ask God
for forgiveness, we need to first forgive everyone who has sinned against us
(cf. Mt 18:21-35).
12e. It is by God’s power, not
our own strengths, that we can withstand trials and temptations (Lk 22:31-34;
1Cor 10:12-13; 2Tim 4:18; 1Pet 5:10).
12f. As royal priests (1Pet 2:9;
Rev 1:6; 5:10), we ought to offer petitions on behalf of the community of
believers as well as all mankind.
13. The Lord’s prayer exemplifies
His teaching that we should seek first God’s kingdom and His righteousness (Mt
6:33). God’s glory is always our first concern, and spiritual needs come before
14. Prayer involves humility,
patience, and importunity.
15. God’s loving kindness, which
greatly surpasses that of our earthly fathers, assures us that He would listen
to our prayers and give us the best gifts (Rom 8:32).
16. 1. Receiving the Holy Spirit
involves asking in prayer. 2. The Holy Spirit is a precious gift that God wants
to give us and that we should ask for earnestly.
17. Seeking God’s kingdom and
righteousness first. Persistence. Patience. Importunity.