Healing of Ten Lepers (17:11-19)
The Coming of the Kingdom of God (17:20-37)
The Unjust Judge and the
Persistent Widow (18:1-8)
Went to Jerusalem, glorified God,
giving thanks, foreigner, faith, kingdom of God, within you, the days of the
Son of Man, suffer, revealed, save/lose, one taken, the other left, always pray
and not lose heart, justice, avenge, speedily.
1. When they went to the priest
as the Lord commanded them (14). If we only hear the word of God but do not do
it, we cannot benefit from it. But if we carry it out with faith, we will be
blessed in what we do (Jas 1:25).
2. The gratitude of the foreigner
was truly remarkable since none of the other lepers, who were most likely
Jewish, returned to give thanks. As in the parable of the good Samaritan
(10:30-37), the foreigner pleased God and received His commendation while the
chosen people neglected God’s will and forfeited His blessings.
5. The Pharisees probably
expected God’s kingdom to be an earthly political entity. But the Lord told
them that the kingdom of God is within them (also translated “among you”). In
other words, God’s kingdom was already among the people through the ministry of
Jesus Christ (11:20). A person must enter this spiritual kingdom by accepting
the Lord Jesus.
6. The word “days” in 26 (“the
days of Noah”) and 28 (“the days of lot”) refers to a generation. Therefore,
the days of the Son of Man may refer to the period between the Lord’s first and
second coming. If this is the case, one of the days of the Son of Man would
refer to the Lord’s second coming, also known as the day of the Lord Jesus
Christ (1Cor 1:8; 2Cor 1:14; Phil 1:6). While the disciples may have expected
the end time to arrive soon, the Lord told them that they would not see it in
the near future. In fact, the Son of Man must first go through many sufferings
and be rejected by the people (25).
7a. The coming of the Son of Man
will be visible to all. Thus, the disciples do not need to respond to people’s
rumors and go after them to look for the Lord’s coming (23).
7b. He will come suddenly at an
hour when people do not expect Him and are still busy with their daily
7c. That day will be so sudden
that there will not be time to gather our possessions.
7d. There will be sudden
separation of the saved and the unsaved, and it may occur unexpectedly at any
time of the day.
8a. We should not set our minds
on earthly possessions. Rather, we need to deny ourselves (“whoever loses his
life”) and make use of our earthly life to accomplish our Master’s will (Rom
9. The disciples’ question was
concerning where the separation, as recorded in 34-36, would take place. In
response, the Lord pointed out that this separation will be where the body is
and where the eagles gather together. While the image of the body and the
eagles immediately brings to mind a scene of carnage, the word “body” does not
necessarily refer to a dead body. In fact, the NT usage of this word usually
refers to the living body, and the same word is used for “the body of Christ,”
the assembly of believers. Likewise, “eagles” do not necessarily represent something
negative. The Bible often speaks of the eagle as a swift and powerful heavenly
creature, a symbol of divine nature. Therefore, one of the four living
creatures has the face of an eagle (Eze 1:10; 10:14; Rev 4:7). In conclusion,
if we understand “body” as referring to the body of believers, and “eagles” to
believers in the church, then Jesus’ obscured reply means that the judgment and
separation will take place in the church of God (1Pet 4:17).
10. See verse 1.
11. The unjust judge serves as a
both a comparison and a contrast to God, the righteous judge. The point is that
if even an unjust judge avenges the widow because she wearies him, how much
more will God, who loves us so dearly, quickly avenge his people.
12a. God is eager to deliver his
people from sufferings, but He has to “bear long” with His people because the
time has has not come. God is patient, but also zealous. However, by the time
the Lord Jesus comes and God avenges His people, many will have given up
waiting for God’s deliverance.