Agreement to Betray Jesus
The Passover Meal (22:7-38)
Preparation of the Passover
The Last Supper (14-23)
Dispute about Being the Greatest
Prediction of Peter’s Denial
Warning about Coming Crisis
Prayer on the Mount
of Olives (22:39-46)
Passover, must be killed, fervent
desire, suffer, fulfilled, kingdom of God, “This is My body,” given for you,
“in remembrance of Me,” “new covenant in My blood,” greatest, younger, serves,
“bestow upon you a kingdom,” sit on thrones judging, “I have prayed for you,”
“must…be accomplished in Me,” pray, temptation, “not My will, but Yours, be
done,” agony, earnestly.
1. see 20:1-19.
2. Jesus was drawing a great
multitude (21:38). Arresting Him publicly might have caused a riot (Mk 14:1-2).
3. Judas, the keeper of the money
box, lusted for money and stole from it. His greed left room for Satan to enter
his heart and take control of him. His conscience was seared and became Satan’s
instrument. It was only after he had betrayed the Lord that he realized the
seriousness of his sin and ended his own life in bitter remorse (Mt 27:3-5).
5a. The verse stresses the
necessity for the Passover lamb to be killed.
5b. Just as the Passover lamb
must be sacrificed according to God’s decree, the Lord Jesus Christ must also
lay down His life according to God’s plan and timing. The sacrifice of Christ
was the fulfillment of the Passover (1Cor 5:7). Therefore, it is significant
that the Lord instituted the Holy Communion, which serves as a remembrance of
His death, during the Passover.
6. The Lord is all-knowing and
all-powerful. When we do the Lord’s work and obey His will, we do not need to
worry even if we seem to lack the means to accomplish our task. The Lord knows
what we need in order to carry out His work, and He will provide accordingly.
7. 19-20 (cf. Mt 26:29; Mk
14:22-25; 1Cor 11:23-26).
9. By definition, a sacrament is
an observance instituted by the Lord Jesus in which there is effect of
salvation (There are three sacraments in the Bible: baptism, footwashing, and
Holy Communion). The Lord Jesus established the Holy Communion and commanded
His disciples to perform and partake of it. The bread and juice in the
Communion, according to the Lord’s own words, are the body and blood of Jesus
Christ. Thus, when we partake of the Holy Communion, we partake of Christ’s
body and blood (cf. 1Cor 10:17). This means that we share the life of Jesus
Christ. Through this spiritual communion as well as a life of faith in Christ,
we abide in Christ and have eternal life (Jn 6:47-58).
10. In the old covenant, the
people of God received atonement by offering sacrifices and through the
mediation of priests. The covenant was put into effect with blood (Heb
9:18-22). Without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness. But the old
covenant was only a shadow of the better covenant, mediated by the Lord Jesus
Christ (Heb 7:22; 8:6). The sacrificial system of the old covenant pointed to
the ultimate sacrifice on the cross (Heb 10:5-14). Whereas the blood of animals
does not take away sin, Christ’s blood redeems us and washes away our sins (Eph
1:7; 1Pet 1:18-19; Rev 1:5; 5:9). Therefore, Christ’s blood is the blood of the
14a. Receiving a kingdom (29);
eating and drinking at the Lord’s table in His kingdom (30); sitting on thrones
judging the twelve tribes of Israel (30).
disciples received these great blessings because they continued with the Lord
in His trials (29).
14b. They will be great in the
kingdom of heaven and will reign with Christ (cf. 2Tim 2:12; Rev 2:26-27,
3:21). They will eat and drink at the King’s table and sit on thrones judging
the twelve tribes of Israel.
16. Whereas the Lord had formerly
instructed the disciples not to carry money bags, knapsacks, and sandals (cf.
10:4), now He told them to bring these with them and even purchase swords. The
clear contrasting instructions show that after Jesus’ arrest and death, the
disciples would face much greater danger and oppositions. The new instructions
here are more figurative than literal, warning the disciples to be ready for
17. They thought that the Lord
was asking them to defend themselves with weapons. But such militancy was in
fact against the Lord’s will (Mt 26:51-52).
18a. 1. That we may not enter
into temptation (40, 46). 2. That the Father’s will be done (42).
18b. 1. Kneel (41)—an act of
humility and importunity; 2. Be earnest (44)—total involvement of heart, mind,
18c. When we humbly ask for God’s
will to be done, God will strengthen us so that we may have the power to subdue
our own will and submit to God’s will (cf 43).
19. Denying His own will and
overcoming His deep distress and agony (42, 44; Mt 26:37-38)
20. He surrendered His will
totally in the garden and received strength from God to face the cross. Whereas
He was overcome with grief before the prayer, He became dauntless in the face
of His enemies and finally claimed victory over the sufferings on the cross.