6: Sons and Heirs of God through Christ (3:26-4:31)
This is a
bright and assuring passage in the epistle. In the previous passages, Paul
explained that the law was a guardian that kept us for the faith to be
revealed. Building on this analogy, Paul points out our identity as the sons of
God through faith and our status as heirs to the promise. Being sons and heirs,
we are not under bondage but have liberty in Christ.
are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus” (3:26).
Elements (4:3,9): “The Greek term meant essentially
‘things placed side by side in a row’ (as the ABCs) and then came to mean
fundamental principles or basic elements of various kinds.” 4/1784
which paragraph do you see Paul digressing from his line of argument? How is
the tone of this paragraph very different?
does this paragraph relate to the previous paragraph?
2a. Based on verses 26 and 27, what spiritual effects take place
through baptism? Explain the meaning of these effects.
2b. How does this passage refute the false teaching that baptism
is a work of the law?
According to 28, what has been removed among the believers in Christ?
3b. How is this truth applicable to the problem that Paul was
3c. How does this teaching apply to our life in the church
today? Have you seen conducts or attitudes that are not in line with this
contrast does Paul set forth here?
what sense are those under the law like an heir who is still a child?
are the “elements of the world”?
does it mean that the Son of God was born under the law?
does the phrase “adoption as sons” (5) suggest?
does verse 6 identify the Holy Spirit?
According to this verse, what purpose does the Holy Spirit serve?
are the elements of the world “weak and beggarly”?
11b. In what sense is turning to these elements similar to
serving false gods?
does Paul add the phrase, “or rather are known by God” in verse 9 (cf. Nah 1:7;
Jn 10:14; 15:16; Rom 5:8; 1Cor 8:3; 2Tim 2:19)?
what ways could a believer make the mistake of the Galatians and serve God as
if he is serving other gods?
14. What is Paul’s fear for the
does Paul mean by “I labor in birth again until Christ is formed in you” (19)?
differentiates true servants of God and false teachers? What can we learn from
Paul in this paragraph?
are not familiar with the background of Paul’s analogy, read Genesis chapters
16, 17, and 21.
Identify all the sets of contrasts found in this paragraph.
18a. What is the covenant from Mount Sinai?
18b. Why does it correspond to “Jerusalem which now is” (25)?
are those who keep the law like the son who was born according to the flesh?
is the Jerusalem above? How is she free?
will be the consequence of those born according to the flesh?