is the final part of God’s plan. The Bible refers to this event as “the
righteous judgment of God” (Rom 2:5) and “the judgment of the great day” (Jude
6). It is when Jesus will review the deeds of every person—both the living and
the dead (2 Tim 4:1; Rev 20:12–13). The outcome for the righteous will be a
glorious reward (Rev 11:18; 22:12); the outcome for sinners will be destruction
(Rev 20:15; 21:8).
Q2 Do we know when the day of
judgment will be?
do not. However, we know it is soon, for Jesus says, “And behold, I am coming
quickly, and My reward is with Me, to give to every
one according to his work” (Rev 22:12).
Q3 Why would a loving God judge us?
nature of God is certainly loving, but He is also
righteous and just. In the Book of Romans, apostle Paul describes God’s
But in accordance with your hardness and your
impenitent heart you are treasuring up for yourself wrath in the day of wrath
and revelation of the righteous judgment of God, who “will render to each one
according to his deeds”: eternal life to those who by patient continuance in
doing good seek for glory, honor, and immortality; but to those who are
self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness—indignation
and wrath, tribulation and anguish, on every soul of man who does evil, of the
Jew first and also of the Greek; but glory, honor, and peace to everyone who
works what is good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.
purposes of His judgment are:
• To separate the good from the evil:
“When the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then
He will sit on the throne of His glory. All the nations will be gathered before
Him, and He will separate them one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep
from the goats” (Mt 25:31–32); “Then you shall again discern between the
righteous and the wicked, between one who serves God and one who does not serve
Him” (Mal 3:18).
• To determine the end for each person: “His
winnowing fan is in His hand, and He will thoroughly purge His threshing floor,
and gather His wheat into the barn; but He will burn up the chaff with
unquenchable fire” (Mt 3:12); “…First gather together the tares and bind them
in bundles to burn them, but gather the wheat into my barn” (Mt 13:30); “And
these will go away into everlasting punishment, but the righteous into eternal
life” (Mt 25:46).
Q4 Much of human behaviour
is hidden. Can God really bring everything to account?
omniscient. All our deeds are laid bare before Him—nothing is hidden from His
sight (Job 31:4; 34:21–22; Ps 33:13–15; 1 Cor 4:5). King Solomon says, “For God
will bring every work into judgment, including every secret thing, whether it
is good or whether it is evil” (Eccl 12:14). Also, Paul says, “Some men’s sins
are clearly evident, preceding them to judgment, but those of some men follow later. Likewise, the good works of some are clearly
evident, and those that are otherwise cannot be hidden” (1 Tim 5:24–25).
they are hidden or exposed, God has recorded all our words and deeds for the day of judgment (Dan 7:10; Rev 20:12). The Bible mentions a
book of remembrance for this purpose, “for those who fear the Lord and who
meditate on His name” (Mal 3:16). Knowing this, we should be careful in what we
say and do. Jesus warns, “But I say to you that for every idle word men may
speak, they will give account of it in the day of judgment.
For by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be
condemned” (Mt 12:36–37).
Q5 Who will be judged?
will be judged; no one is exempt. Hence, the writer of Hebrews says, “And as it
is appointed for men to die once, but after this the judgment” (Heb 9:27).
Similarly, apostle Paul says, “[God] has appointed a
day on which He will judge the world in righteousness by the Man whom He has
ordained. He has given assurance of this to all by raising Him from the dead”
(Acts 17:31). This is why God “now commands all men everywhere to repent” (Acts
Bible talks about the judgment of the following:
A. THE CHURCH
judgment will begin with the church: “For the time has come for judgment to
begin at the house of God; and if it begins with us first, what will be the end
of those who do not obey the gospel of God?” (1 Pet 4:17). The reasons for His
• To separate out the good from the bad: “The
Son of Man will send out His angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom
all things that offend, and those who practice lawlessness” (Mt 13:41; cf. Mt
• To reveal each person’s work: “Each
one’s work will become manifest; for the Day will declare it, because it will
be revealed by fire; and the fire will test each one’s work, of what sort it
is” (1 Cor 3:13). Those whose work endures because they have used the best
materials will have a reward; but those whose work is of inferior quality will
lose it, and they themselves “will be saved, yet so as through fire” (1 Cor
• To make each person give an account: “So
then each of us shall give account of himself to God” (Rom 14:12).
• To expose what is hidden: “Therefore judge nothing before the time,
until the Lord comes, who will both bring to light the hidden things of
darkness and reveal the counsels of the hearts; and then each one’s praise will
come from God” (1 Cor 4:5).
• To reward and punish: “For we must all
appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive the things
done in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad” (2 Cor
5:10; cf. 1 Cor 4:5; Heb 6:7–8; 10:26–31).
B. THE ISRAELITES
told the disciples, “Assuredly I say to you, that in the regeneration, when the
Son of Man sits on the throne of His glory, you who have followed Me will also
sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel” (Mt 19:28). The
Israelites were God’s chosen people from ancient times, beloved by Him on
account of the patriarchs (Rom 11:28). His judgment of them will be based on
one of two things: the Mosaic Law for those who lived under the law (Rom 2:12),
or the gospel of Jesus Christ (2 Thess 1:8). Regarding the latter, Jesus says,
“He who rejects Me, and does not receive My words, has
that which judges him—the word that I have spoken will judge him in the last
day” (Jn 12:48).
now, few Jews have accepted Jesus Christ and His gospel, but the Bible speaks
of a time when they will turn to Him and be saved: “For I do not desire,
brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise
in your own opinion, that hardening in part has happened to Israel until the fullness
of the Gentiles has come in. And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written:
‘The Deliverer will come out of Zion, and He will turn away ungodliness from
Jacob; for this is My covenant with them, when I take
away their sins’ ” (Rom 11:25–26).
C. THE DEAD
20 describes the judgment of the dead: “And I saw the dead, small and great,
standing before God, and books were opened. And another book was opened, which
is the Book of Life. And the dead were judged according to their works, by the things
which were written in the books. The sea gave up the dead who were in it, and
Death and Hades delivered up the dead who were in them. And they were judged,
each one according to his works” (Rev 20:12–13). It also reveals that whoever’s
name is not recorded in the Book of Life—a book that lists the names of those
entitled to inherit eternal life—will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev
D. ALL THE INHABITANTS OF THE EARTH
in the world, both lowly and great, will be judged:
And the kings of the earth, the great men, the
rich men, the commanders, the mighty men, every slave and every free man, hid
themselves in the caves and in the rocks of the mountains, and said to the
mountains and rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of Him who sits on
the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb! For the great day of His wrath has
come, and who is able to stand?”
E. THE BEAST AND THE FALSE PROPHET
of Revelation prophesies concerning God’s judgment upon a formidable opponent
of the truth and his ally, both of whom will emerge in the end time: “Then the
beast was captured, and with him the false prophet who worked signs in his
presence, by which he deceived those who received the mark of the beast and
those who worshiped his image. These two were cast alive into the lake of fire
burning with brimstone” (Rev 19:20).
F. THE DEVIL AND HIS ANGELS
Bible says that the devil and his angels will be judged: “And the angels who
did not keep their proper domain, but left their own habitation, He has
reserved in everlasting chains under darkness for the judgment of the great
day” (Jude 6); “For if God did not spare the angels who sinned, but cast them
down to hell and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved for
judgment” (2 Pet 2:4). For now, the devil and his angels have been imprisoned,
awaiting judgment. Their fate will be an “everlasting fire” which has already
been prepared (Mt 25:41).
Q6 Aside from Jesus, who else will execute
disciples (Mt 19:28) and all the saints will sit in judgment, alongside Jesus.
Paul says, “Do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the
world will be judged by you, are you unworthy to judge the smallest matters? Do
you not know that we shall judge angels? How much more, things that pertain to
this life?” (1 Cor 6:2–3).
Q7 What will be the basis of judgment?
shows no partiality (Rom 2:11). Therefore, He will judge everyone in a fair and
just manner—based on what He has revealed to them about right and wrong, sin
and the way to salvation.
under the Mosaic Law will be judged according to the law: “…And as many as have
sinned in the law will be judged by the law” (Rom 2:12).
without the Mosaic Law will be judged according to their conscience: “For when
Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do the things contained in the
law, these, although not having the law, are a law to themselves, who show the
work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness,
and between themselves their thoughts accusing or else excusing them” (Rom
who have heard the gospel will be judged by it: “…When the Lord Jesus is
revealed from heaven with His mighty angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance
on those who do not know God, and on those who do not obey the gospel of our
Lord Jesus Christ” (2 Thess 1:7–8); “He who rejects Me, and does not receive My
words, has that which judges him—the word that I have spoken will judge him in
the last day” (Jn 12:48).
who have witnessed miracles will be judged if they disbelieve:
Then [Jesus] began to upbraid the cities in
which most of His mighty works had been done, because they did not repent: “Woe
to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the
mighty works which were done in you had been done in Tyre
and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. But I say
to you, it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon
in the day of judgment than for you.”
will be judged by the truth, which is the word of God: “But we know that the
judgment of God is according to truth against those who practice such things.
And do you think this, O man, you who judge those practicing such things, and
doing the same, that you will escape the judgment of God?” (Rom 2:2–3).
Q8 How can people escape the judgment that leads
judgment will lead to different outcomes. Those who obey the gospel of Jesus
Christ and maintain their faith to the end will find their names recorded in
the Book of Life. Theirs will be a judgment that results in a reward, according
to what they have done for the Lord (Mt 16:27; Rom 2:6–7; 1 Cor 3:8; Rev
22:12). However, those who reject Jesus and His gospel will face a different type
of judgment—one leading to eternal punishment (2 Thess 1:7–9). This is because
they will remain in sin, having chosen not to be delivered by Jesus (Jn 8:24;
way to escape judgment is to accept and obey the gospel of salvation. This
entails our believing in the Lord Jesus Christ (Mk 16:16); repenting and
receiving water baptism in the name of Jesus for the remission of sins (Acts
2:38; 22:16); and receiving the baptism of the Holy Spirit for the guarantee of
eternal life (Jn 3:5; Acts 2:38; Eph 1:13–14). Thereafter, we should lead a
fruitful and Spirit-filled life (Gal 5:16–26). In this way, we can appear
before the Lord on the day of judgment to receive due
praise and everlasting life.
© 2012 True Jesus