20: The Seventh Trumpet, The Woman
and the Dragon (Rev 11:15-12:17)
John has eaten the little scroll
and measured the temple. The two witnesses have completed their mission and
ascended to heaven. As stated in 11:14, the second woe (sixth trumpet) is past,
and the third and final woe (seventh trumpet) is coming quickly. At the
sounding of the seventh trumpet and in preparation for the pouring out of the
seven bowls and final judgment in chapters 16-18, John sees a series of visions
and signs that center on Satan’s persecution of God’s people. The first vision
is that of worship in heaven and the appearance of the heavenly temple.
Following this vision are the signs of the woman and the dragon.
“Then the seventh angel sounded:
And there were loud voices in heaven, saying, ‘The kingdoms of this world have
become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ, and He shall reign forever
and ever!’” (11:15).
“Then I heard a loud voice saying
in heaven, ‘Now salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the
power of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren, who accused
them before our God day and night, has been cast down.’” (12:10).
Did You Know…?
of His covenant (11:19): “The OT ark was a chest of acacia wood (Dt 10:1-2). It symbolized the throne or presence of God
among his people.” 13/1938
2. Dragon (12:3): “In the OT they are normally used
metaphorically to depict the enemies of God and of Israel (see Ps 74:14; Isa 27:1; Eze 29:3).” 13/1938
1. What is the theme of the declaration in verse 15?
2a. Compare verse 18 with Psalm 2. Why were the nations angry?
2b. What actions will God take as He
3a. Where is the temple in verse 19
3b. What follow the appearance of the
temple and the ark? What do they represent?
3c. What is the significance of the
temple and the ark of the covenant? Compare this passage with 8:3-5.
4a. How does this paragraph relate to the
4b. What lessons can we gather from this
paragraph about God’s sovereign control and kingdom?
5. What clues suggest that we should interpret this chapter as
symbolic of spiritual things?
6. What is God’s role in this cosmic struggle?
7a. In what ways did the dragon fail in
7b. What do the dragon’s works and
failure teach us?
8a. Who does the woman represent? (cf.
2Cor 11:2; Gal 4:26)
8b. Describe the appearance of the woman
and explain its significance.
9. In view of verse 5, who is the child that was born through
the pains of labor? (cf. 2:26-27; 19:15; 20:6; 22:5; Ps 2:9; Dan 7:27)
10a. Who is the dragon, according to verse
10b. What is the dragon’s appearance and
10c. What are the dragon’s works?
10d. What does it mean that the dragon’s
tail drew a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth? (cf. Isa 9:15; Dan 8:10,24; Gen 15:5; Mt 24:11,24)
10e. Why is the dragon so hostile to the woman?
11a. What period is the 1,260 days of
refuge? (cf. 11:2-3; 12:14; Dan 9:27)
11b. What does the wilderness symbolize?
What impression does the wilderness give you?
12a. Why is the hurling down of the dragon
inserted at this place in the passage? Relate it to 11:17.
12b. Where did the war take place? Is there
any significance to this?
13. How can we overcome the dragon? Explain your answer.
14. What does the hurling down of the dragon mean for believers
and for the world?
15. Is verse 14 a repeat of a previous verse in the chapter? What
does this parallel tell us about the meaning of “a time and times and half a
16a. What does the dragon’s relentless
attack of God’s offspring tell us?
16b. How real is Satan to you? Do you see
his works? In what ways does he vehemently oppose believers today?