27: New Heaven and New Earth (Rev 21:1:-22:21)
God’s has poured out His wrath
and Christ has conquered Satan. At the final judgment, the first earth have passed away. Revelation closes with the view of
the new heaven and new earth. Believers get a glimpse of their eternal home
prepared by God. In the splendid holy city, God dwells with His people, and
there is no more death, sorrow, crying, or pain. The saved will enjoy the
heavenly bliss forever. This vision of the beautiful city inspires our hope and
urges us to prepare for Christ’s imminent return.
“And God will wipe away every
tear from their eyes; there shall be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying.
There shall be no more pain, for the former things have passed away” (21:4).
“"Behold, I am coming
quickly! Blessed is he who keeps the words of the prophecy of this book”
Did You Know…?
1. Cubits (21:17): “an important and constant measure among the
Hebrews (Ex. 25:10, 17, 23; etc.; 1 Kings 7:24, 27, 31; etc.; Ezek. 40:5;
etc.), and other ancient nations. It was commonly reckoned as the length of the
arm from the point of the elbow to the end of the middle finger, about eighteen
2. 12,000 furlongs (21:16) “equal 1,500 miles; 144 cubits equal
216 feet; and the shape given in v. 16b could be either a cube or a pyramid.” 3/144
3. Dogs (22:15): “A term applied to all types of ceremonially
impure persons. In Dt 23:18
it designates a male prostitute.” 13/1949 “…the dog was a scavenger
and did in larger towns what hyenas helped do in the villages and outside the
walls; though classified as a carnivore it lived on refuse of all kinds and
thus was a potential carrier of many diseases, either mechanically or as a
vector… dead bodies were sometimes thrown to the dogs.” 14/153
briefly your observations on the following about the New Jerusalem.
1a. Its Appearance.
1b. Its Inhabitants.
1c. The role of God and the Lamb in the city.
1d. Scenes and features in the city.
1e. Who or what are excluded from it.
the descriptions of the new heaven and new earth with those recorded in Isa 60; 65:17-25; Ezek 40-48; 2Pet 3:13.
the descriptions or identities of Christ in these two chapters.
1. Why is the holy city also a bride? What does the city
2. What is the origin of the holy city? What does this mean?
3. Why is having God’s dwelling among men a great blessing?
What is the meaning of “they shall be His people” and “God will be their God”?
(Jer 24:7; Ezek 37:27-28; 2Cor 6:16)
4. How do the words of verse 4 touch you?
5. Observe the frequent mention of the word “new.” What are the
the new things? What are the “former things” (4)?
6. How do the words, “Behold, I make all things new” also
characterize a Christian’s conversion?
7. What does it mean that there is no more sea? (1)
8. Explain the following sins deserving the second death:
8a. The cowardly
8b. The abominable
9. From the descriptions of the holy city, what is your
impression of the New Jerusalem?
10. What possible spiritual truths can be found from these?
10a. Great and high wall
10b. Twelve gates, three gates on each side, with the names of the
twelve tribes of the children of Israel
10c. Gates of pearl
10d. Twelve foundations with the names of the twelve apostles
10e. Measuring the gates and wall (12,000 furlongs)
10f. Adornment with twelve kinds of precious stones
11. What does it mean that the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of the city?
12a. What is the source of illumination in
12b. What does walking in the light of the
13. What will the nations of the saved and the kings of the earth
bring into the city? What could this mean?
14. What is the central element or figure in this paragraph?
15a. What does the river of water of life
15b. Explain the effect of the river of water of life in the life of
16a. What sentence stands out most in this
section? How many times does it appear?
16b. Why does the Lord emphasize it so
16c. How does this epilogue echo the opening
chapters of Revelation?
17a. How does the invitation of 17
illustrate the nature of salvation? In other words, who are qualified to enter
the holy city?
17b. How does this fact relate to the
qualification for entry in 14?
18a. Record the repeated emphasis on the importance of the words of
18b. According to this chapter, why must we take the words of the
prophecy of Revelation seriously?
19. How do the words of the prophecy reflect God’s mercy and love?
20. What is the message of verse 11?
21a. How do the words “Amen. Even so, come,
Lord Jesus!” reflect the longing of the collective body of believer through all
21b. Do these words reflect your attitude towards the Lord’s coming?
22. List the seven beatitudes of Revelation (i.e. “Blessed are…”).
How do these apply to your life?
23. How will your study of Revelation affect your daily Christian
24. Compare these last two chapters of the Bible with the first
two chapters (Gen 1-2). How does the vision of the new heaven and new earth
bring a beautiful ending to the entire Bible?