10: Jesus, Surety of A Better
Covenant (Heb 7:1-28)
Having diverted his attention to
the present needs of his reader, the author now goes back to the teaching that
Jesus is the High Priest according to the order of Melchizedek. The name of
Melchizedek has appeared briefly in previous passages, but now the author
develops this theme. In this lesson, we will learn how Jesus is the superior
High Priest in the order of Melchizedek, and what that means to us.
“For the law appoints as high
priests men who have weakness, but the word of the oath, which came after the
law, appoints the Son who has been perfected forever” (7:28).
Did You Know…?
(7:1): His meeting with Abraham is recorded in Genesis 14:17-20.
(7:1) “is a shortened form of ‘Jerusalem’
(see Ps 76:2) and is related to the Hebrew word for ‘peace’”…. 4/27
is Jesus Christ, like Melchizedek, the King of righteousness and King of peace?
what ways was Melchizedek a unique priest?
does verse 4 introduce the main point of this paragraph?
does the author show that Melchizedek was greater than Abraham?
does he show that he was greater than the Levitical
6a. The author argues in 11 that perfection was not through the Levitical priesthood because there was the need for another
priest to rise in the order of Melchizedek. On what basis does he claim that
there is the need for another priest in the order of Melchizedek?
6b. What is “perfection” meant here?
does the change of priesthood require a change of the law (12)?
is different about the new priesthood, according to verses 15-17?
the “before and after” of the new priesthood (18-19).
is the significance of the oath, according to 20-22?
were the limitations of the Levitical priests? How
did our Lord Jesus overcome these limitations?
is it that only an unchanging priesthood can bring us salvation (23-25)?
13a. What function of Jesus’ priesthood is
emphasized in 25? How does it relate to our salvation?
13b. How does it help you in your Christian
walk to know that Jesus is interceding for you?
14. What qualities of Jesus the High Priest does 26-28 focus on?