11: A More Excellent Ministry (Heb 8:1-13)
In the preceding
chapter, the author expounded on the priesthood of Christ in the order of
Melchizedek. He demonstrated how Christ is their superior and perfect
High Priest. In this chapter, we will study how Jesus’ ministry is superior to
that of the earthly priests and how He is also Mediator of a better covenant.
“But now He has obtained a more
excellent ministry, inasmuch as He is also Mediator of a better covenant, which
was established on better promises” (8:6).
Did You Know…?
(8:2): “The Israelite tent sanctuary frequently referred to in the Hebrew
Bible. It is also known as the tent of meeting (Heb ’o-hel
mô‘e-d) and, occasionally, as the Tabernacle (or
tent) of testimony (miskan ha‘e-dût).
It is the central place of worship, the shrine that houses the ark of the covenant, and frequently it is the location of
revelation. It is presented in biblical narrative as the visible sign of
Yahweh’s presence among the people of Israel.
More verses of the Pentateuch are devoted to it than to any other object. It
contains the ark, an incense altar, a table, a seven-light candelabra, an
eternal light, Aaron’s staff that miraculously blossomed (Num 17:23–26), the
vessels that are used by the priests, possibly a container of manna (Exod 16: 33–34), and a scroll written by Moses (se-per hattôrâ).” 2vol6/292
(8:6) “is a legal term for one who arbitrates between two parties.” 3/76
(8:6) denotes an agreement, which usually includes terms and conditions. This
word sometimes also carries the meaning of a will or a testament (cf. ), in which the testator initiates the
agreement and lays down the terms.
does the first paragraph (1-2) serve as a summary and a transition? (To answer
this question, you need to look at the larger context.)
is our High Priest seated? What significance does this have?
is different about the tabernacle of which our High Priest is a Minister?
distinguishes Jesus from the earthly high priests in terms of what they offer
(cf. ; ; )?
contrast is made in verses 4 and 5 between Jesus’ ministry and the ministry of
the earthly priests?
does verse 5 imply about the duration of the earthly tabernacle?
was the better covenant based on (6)? Explain what this means.
is Christ the Mediator of the better covenant?
was lacking in the old covenant?
9a. What promises did God make in the new covenant?
9b. How are these promises fulfilled in Christ?
your relationship with God still reflect some of the characteristics of the old
11. How can you participate in the better covenant?