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 (Philemon & Hebrews)
13: The Better Sacrifice (1) (9:13-28)
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13: The Better Sacrifice (1) (-28)

The Basics


In our last study we have looked at the tabernacle and divine services under the old covenant. These ordinances were not able to lead us into God’s presence because they could not remove sin. But Christ has come, and has entered the true tabernacle with His own blood. This becomes the source of our eternal redemption. The passage of this lesson will explain in detail why the death of Jesus Christ is the fulfillment of what the old covenant foreshadowed.

Key Verse

“…how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?” ().

Did You Know…?

1.         Ashes of a heifer… (): The regulations on cleansing with the ashes of a a heifer are recorded in Numbers 19.






Key Words/Phrases

Segment Analysis


1.         What contrast is made between the blood of Christ and the blood of animals?

2.         Based on verse 14, explain what kind of life Christians should live.

3.         What was the price of redemption for our transgressions (15)?

4.         “For this reason” (15) indicates that the reason is to be found in the previous verses. What qualifies Jesus to be the Mediator of the new covenant? How does His mediation fulfill the terms of the new covenant (cf. -12)?

5.         What blessing awaits those who have been redeemed (15)?


6.         How are verses 16 and 17 an explanation of verse 15?

7.         What reason does the author give for why Christ’s blood is essential to the new covenant?


8.         Based on verse 24, what has Christ accomplished which the old covenant was not able to do (cf. 9:8)?

9.         What contrasts are made between the offering of the high priest and the offering of Christ in verses 25 and 26?

10.        The author establishes a connection between verses 27 and 28. What is the relationship of these two verses?

11.        To whom will Christ appear a second time? What kind of life should you live to be one of them?

14: The Better Sacrifice (2) (Heb 10:1-18)

The Basics


By now, we have reached the climax in the doctrinal section of Hebrews. The author has taught that Jesus has entered the true, heavenly tabernacle to minister before God. He has also shown how Christ has a more excellent priestly ministry by means of His death. The personal sacrifice of Christ has decisively removed the problem of sin once for all. The passage of this lesson will continue to focus on the offering of Jesus Christ and show why it has finally replaced the sacrificial system under the Old Testament.

Key Verse

“For by one offering He has perfected forever those who are being sanctified” ().

Did You Know…?

1.         “A body You have prepared for Me” (10:5): “The author takes the quotation from the LXX (Septuagint—A Greek version of the Hebrew Scriptures). But the original psalm in Hebrews reads, “My ears You have opened” (Ps 40:6). The reason for this discrepancy is probably that the translators of the LXX was giving a free interpretive translation. As Morris points out, ‘They may wish to express the view that the body is the instrument through which the divine command, received by the ear, is carried out’”3/98







Key Words/Phrases

General Analysis

1.   What is the author’s main point in this passage?

Segment Analysis


1.         Identify the main subject and verb of verse 1.

2.         The sacrifices under the law were offered continually year after year. How does this fact point out the inherent weakness of the sacrifices?

3.         If the sacrifices could not make the worshippers perfect, then why did God still command them in the law? What is the role of the law in relation to Christ?


4.         Who is the “He” in verse 5?

5.         What practical lesson can we learn from the passage in Psalms?

6.         How does the author apply the passage specifically to Christ?

7.         “I have come…to do Your will, O God.” What is the will of God in the context of this paragraph?

8.         What is the function of the parenthetical statement in 8b? (“which are offered according to the law”)?

9.         Who is verse 9b talking about, and what does it mean? (“He takes away the first that He may establish the second”).


10.        What contrasts are made between the priests and Christ? Explain the significance of these contrasts.

11a.      Explain the meaning of verse 13.

11b.      What does the word “waiting” imply?

12.        Look at the tenses in verse 14. What has God done? What is He still doing?


13.        Who is speaking in 15-17? Who is being spoken to?

14.        Why do you think the author introduces the Holy Spirit here? What is the function of the Holy Spirit in this case? (cf. Rom ; 1Jn 5:6; 2Pet )

15.        What is the meaning of having God’s laws written in our hearts? How are God’s laws in your heart and on your mind?

16.        How do verses 16 and 17 explain the words “perfected forever” in 14?

17.        How does verse 18 sum up the entire passage?  

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