13: The Better Sacrifice (1) (-28)
In our last study we have looked at
the tabernacle and divine services under the old covenant. These ordinances
were not able to lead us into God’s presence because they could not remove sin.
But Christ has come, and has entered the true tabernacle with His own blood.
This becomes the source of our eternal redemption. The passage of this lesson
will explain in detail why the death of Jesus Christ is the fulfillment of what
the old covenant foreshadowed.
“…how much more shall the blood of
Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God,
cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?” ().
Did You Know…?
of a heifer… (): The regulations
on cleansing with the ashes of a a
heifer are recorded in Numbers 19.
contrast is made between the blood of Christ and the blood of animals?
2. Based on verse 14, explain what kind of life Christians
was the price of redemption for our transgressions (15)?
this reason” (15) indicates that the reason is to be found in the previous
verses. What qualifies Jesus to be the Mediator of the new covenant? How does
His mediation fulfill the terms of the new covenant (cf. -12)?
blessing awaits those who have been redeemed (15)?
are verses 16 and 17 an explanation of verse 15?
reason does the author give for why Christ’s blood is essential to the new
on verse 24, what has Christ accomplished which the old covenant was not able
to do (cf. 9:8)?
contrasts are made between the offering of the high priest and the offering of
Christ in verses 25 and 26?
author establishes a connection between verses 27 and 28. What is the
relationship of these two verses?
whom will Christ appear a second time? What kind of life should you live to be
one of them?
14: The Better Sacrifice (2) (Heb 10:1-18)
By now, we have reached the climax
in the doctrinal section of Hebrews. The author has taught that Jesus has
entered the true, heavenly tabernacle to minister before God. He has also shown
how Christ has a more excellent priestly ministry by means of His death. The
personal sacrifice of Christ has decisively removed the problem of sin once for
all. The passage of this lesson will continue to focus on the offering of Jesus
Christ and show why it has finally replaced the sacrificial system under the
“For by one
offering He has perfected forever those who are being sanctified” ().
Did You Know…?
body You have prepared for Me” (10:5): “The author
takes the quotation from the LXX (Septuagint—A Greek version of the Hebrew
Scriptures). But the original psalm in Hebrews reads, “My ears You have opened” (Ps 40:6). The reason for this discrepancy
is probably that the translators of the LXX was giving
a free interpretive translation. As Morris points out, ‘They may wish to
express the view that the body is the instrument through which the divine
command, received by the ear, is carried out’”3/98
is the author’s main point in this passage?
the main subject and verb of verse 1.
sacrifices under the law were offered continually year after year. How does
this fact point out the inherent weakness of the sacrifices?
the sacrifices could not make the worshippers perfect, then why did God still
command them in the law? What is the role of the law in relation to Christ?
is the “He” in verse 5?
practical lesson can we learn from the passage in Psalms?
does the author apply the passage specifically to Christ?
have come…to do Your will, O God.” What is the will of
God in the context of this paragraph?
is the function of the parenthetical statement in 8b? (“which
are offered according to the law”)?
is verse 9b talking about, and what does it mean? (“He takes away the first
that He may establish the second”).
contrasts are made between the priests and Christ? Explain the significance of
11a. Explain the meaning of verse 13.
11b. What does the word “waiting” imply?
at the tenses in verse 14. What has God done? What is He still doing?
is speaking in 15-17? Who is being spoken to?
do you think the author introduces the Holy Spirit here? What is the function
of the Holy Spirit in this case? (cf. Rom ;
1Jn 5:6; 2Pet )
is the meaning of having God’s laws written in our hearts? How are God’s laws
in your heart and on your mind?
do verses 16 and 17 explain the words “perfected forever” in 14?
17. How does verse 18 sum up the entire passage?