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 (Philemon & Hebrews)
Lesson 8: Going on to Perfection (Heb 5:11-6:8)
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Lesson 8: Going on to Perfection (Heb -6:8)



Admonition against Spiritual Infancy (-14)

Exhortation to Go on to Maturity (6:1-3)

Consequence of Falling Away (6:4-8)

Key Words/Phrases

First principles, milk, solid food, unskilled in the word of righteousness, babe, full age, senses exercised, discern both good and evil, perfection, impossible, fall away, crucify again for themselves the Son of God, put Him to open shame, bears herbs, bears thorns and briers.

Segment Analysis

1a.  Dull of hearing (11); needing to be taught again the first principles of the oracles of God (12); needing milk and not solid food (12); unskilled in the word of righteousness (13).

1b.  Taking solid food; senses exercised by reason of use; able to discern both good and evil (14).

2a.  Slow to understand (cf. Mt -15).

2b.  The ABC’s of God’s word; the very basics of God’s will.

2c.  Milk refers to elementary teachings, whereas solid food refers to teachings that only the spiritually perceptive can understand and profit from.

2d.  The word of God, which shows us what is right before God (cf. “discern good and evil” in 14).

3a.  The spiritual infant is unskilled in God’s word. In other words, he is not only slow to learn but also hardly practices God’s word. He needs to be taught the basics again and again. On the contrary, the spiritually mature train themselves through constant use of God’s word. Through much experience, they are able to discern what is good and evil. They can stand firm on sound doctrines and reject all false teachings (cf. Eph -14). They can also abstain from sin and live a life pleasing to God.

3b.  God’s word can sharpen our spiritual perception if we constantly put it into practice (13). Without constant use, we will be inexperienced with God’s word and slow in our spiritual senses.

4.   Repentance from dead works, faith toward God, doctrine of baptisms, laying on of hands, resurrection of the dead, and eternal judgement were teachings that were taught to new converts. While they are important, believers who have been in Christ for a long time should already be well versed in them and able to teach others about them instead of needing to be taught again concerning them.

5.   Some questions to ponder are: “Do you still question, doubt, or struggle with the fundamental beliefs of the Christian faith?” “Are you complacent about merely having understood and accepted the basic beliefs?” “Do you have an eager desire to learn as much about God’s word as you possibly can and to constantly practice it in your life?”

6.   While we need to be diligent in making progress towards perfection, we also must depend on God to accomplish this goal. We cannot do it alone. Our determination can be effective only if it is built on God’s help.

7a.  The impossibility of being renewed again to repentance.

7b.  These are people who have come to understand the gospel of salvation and have experienced the Holy Spirit and the grace of God.

8a.  A person who falls away is one who “bears thorns and briers.” In other words, his heart has been hardened by sin’s deceitfulness and become an evil heart of unbelief (-13). Like the land that receives rain but bears thorns and briers, God’s word has no effect on his life. Instead of bearing the fruit of the spirit, he is unproductive and leads a worthless, and even sinful life.

8b.  Historically, those who crucify the Son of God and put Him to an open shame were the unbelievers who rejected Jesus Christ and His saving grace. Therefore, if anyone who has been enlightened by God’s word and spirit and has tasted God’s grace forsakes Jesus Christ, he is as guilty as those who nailed Him to the cross. Worse still, he would be twice as guilty because he is doing it the second time (the first time being before tasting the grace of God).

8c.  Destruction (cf. Mt. -42).

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