Lesson 12: Jesus, High Priest of the True Tabernacle (Heb
Layout of the Tabernacle (9:1-5)
Services in the Tabernacle (9:6-10)
Christ in the True Tabernacle (-12)
First covenant, ordinances of
divine service and the earthly sanctuary, tabernacle, first part, lampstand, table, showbread, sanctuary, veil, Holiest of
All, golden censer, the ark of the covenant, golden pot that had the manna,
Aaron’s rod that budded, the tablets of the covenant, mercy seat, priests, high
priest, blood, perfect in regard to the conscience, the time of reformation,
the good things to come, eternal redemption.
1 introduces the subject matter of the first two paragraphs. Verses 2-5 are
about the earthly sanctuary, and 6-10 are about the divine service.
2a. It represents God’s dwelling among His people.
covenant defines His relationship with His people. But in order for God to
establish a relationship with man, He must provide a means through which sinful
man may come to His presence. This is why the tabernacle and the divine
services form an integral part of the covenant. The tabernacle represents God’s
presence among His people and the ordinances of divine services gave people
access to God, although such access was an indirect one. Central to the divine
services is the atonement for sins, without which sinners cannot come before
God. Thus, the tabernacle and divine services were the means through which God
entered into a relationship with His people.
Holy Place and the Holiest
of All (i.e. Most Holy Place).
4a. A veil (3).
4b. The veil symbolized God’s separation from man and was a prefiguration of the body of Christ (). Sinful man could not come into the presence of the
Holy God. But this veil was torn in two from top to bottom when Jesus gave up
His spirit. Christ has accomplished the work of salvation and opened a new and
living way through His body so that we who believe in Him may now draw near to
5a. The lampstand, the table, and the
5b. The golden censer and the ark of the covenant (4).
Note: “There are problems about the
expression translated ‘the golden altar of incense.’ The word thymiaterion denotes something connected with the burning
of incense (thymiama), and in the LXX it is always
used of a censer. Some (e.g., KJV, RV, Snell) favor this meaning here. But the
word is also used by Symmachus, Theodotion,
and others of the altar on which incense was offered (Exod
30:1-10)…” (Expositor’s Bible Commentary. Vol 12. p. 81). For our purpose, we will understand this term
to refer to the golden censer, since the censer had an important part on the
Day of Atonement, which the context of this passage focuses on.
The description of the golden censer
seems to contradict Exodus 30:6, which tells us that the altar of incense was
placed in the Holy Place
outside the veil. But we should note that the author of Hebrews does not say
that the censer was in the Most Holy Place,
but that the Most Holy Place
“had” the golden censer. The golden censer was connected to the Most Holy Place
because on the Day of Atonement, the high priest would take a censer full of
burning coals of fire from the altar, bring it with the sweet incense into the
Most Holy Place, and offer the incense on the fire before the Lord (Lev
16:12-13). Hence, it would be appropriate to consider the golden censer as
belonging to the Most Holy Place
(cf. Ex 40:5; 1Kgs ).
The connection between the golden
censer and the Most Holy Place
is even clearer when we take it to a spiritual level. Through the atoning death
of Jesus Christ, we may now draw near to God in the Most
Holy Place and offer our prayers to Him. There is
no longer a veil that separates believers from God. The prayers of the saints rise up directly to the very presence of God (cf. Rev
5c. The golden pot that had the manna, Aaron’s rod that budded,
and the tablets of the covenant (4).
glory and mercy.
priests went into the first part of the tabernacle, but only the high priest
could enter the Most Holy Place.
The priests entered the Holy Place
daily, but the high priest entered the Most Holy Place
once a year. The priests served in the Holy Place
without blood, but the high priest went into the Most
Holy Place with blood.
way into the Holiest of All was not made manifest (8), and the gifts and
sacrifices could not make man perfect in regard to the conscience (9). The
ceremonial cleansing under the first covenant only purified the external, but
it could not remove sins or set free a guilty conscience.
place of service (11)
10a. Christ has entered the greater
and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands and not of this creation. He
has gone into heaven to appear in the presence of God ().
10b. Instead of offering the blood
of goats, He entered the Most Holy Place
with His own blood.
the priests offered sacrifices continually, Christ offered His blood once for
all. Because His sacrifice was perfect, He only needed to offer Himself once.
10d. The blood that the high priests
offered could only purify the flesh, but the blood of Christ brings eternal
denotes purchasing with a ransom in order to set one free. With His own blood,
Christ has paid for our sins once for all.