10: Assurance about the Lord’s Coming
about the judgment of God in the last chapter, Paul referred to the coming of
the Lord. Now, Paul instructs the believers on the timing of this event.
Apparently, some believers had been shaken by the false claim that the day of
Christ has already come. Paul assures the believers that the day has not yet
come by pointing out that the lawless one must first be revealed before the
Lord returns. He also gives thanks to God for His election of the
Thessalonians, encourages them to stand fast, and prays to God to comfort and
“Therefore, brethren, stand
fast and hold the traditions which you were taught, whether by word or our
Did You Know…?
1. “Shaken” (2:2): “The Greek for this verb was
often used of a ship adrift from its mooring, and suggests lack of stability.” 6/1830
2. “The falling away” (2:3) translates the Greek
from which the English word “apostasy” comes..
3. “The son of perdition” (2:3) means “the one
doomed to destruction” (cf. Jn 17:12).
1. Compare the
first two paragraphs with the last two. How do they contrast and relate to each
2. Read the
following passages, which also refer to the lawless one, and record your
observations: Dan 7:8,20; 8:24,25; Mt 24:15; 1Jn
2:18,22; 4:3; and possibly Rev 13:1-18; 17:8. Note the distinction in 1Jn 2:18
between “antichrists,” many of which have already come, and “the Antichrist,”
which is yet to come.
1. Why would believers be shaken and troubled by
the false claim that the day of Christ had come?
2. What three possible sources could the false
claim come from?
3. What two events must precede or initiate the
day of the Lord? Explain these events.
4. What are the nature and works of the man of
5. Why is the man of sin not yet revealed?
6a. What is already present in the world?
6b. Have you
witnessed its presence today? Give some examples.
7. What will be the end of the lawless one?
8. Who is behind the lawless one? What does he aim
9. How will the lawless draw followers, and who
will be his followers?
10. In what ways
do people today reject the love of the truth? Why do they refuse to believe in
11a. What will God do to the followers of the lawless one? Why?
11b. How can we take this as a warning for ourselves so as to not
fall under condemnation?
12. What does
the word “but” in verse 13 indicate?
13. What does
this paragraph teach about
14. What does it
mean that God saves us through the sanctification of the Spirit and belief in
15. How does the
command in verse 15 relate to the preceding verses?
“everlasting consolation and good hope by grace” has God given us (16)?
17. What kind of
comfort and establishment is Paul praying for (17)?