13: Ministry of the Appeal (1Tim 1:1-20)
have arisen in the Ephesian church. Paul writes this
epistle with the charge to Timothy to address this issue. He follows with his
personal testimony of the Lord’s mercy in saving him despite his past and in
entrusting him with the ministry of the gospel. It is based on this commission
from the Lord that Paul now charges Timothy to wage the good warfare.
“This is a faithful saying and
worthy of all acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save
sinners, of whom I am chief” (1:15).
Did You Know…?
1. “When I went into Macedonia” (1:3): This event, which
is not recorded in Acts, probably took place after Paul was released from his
first Roman imprisonment.
2. “Remain in Ephesus” (1:3): The Ephesian
church was established during Paul’s third missionary journey (Acts 19:1-20:1).
Paul visited the church again probably after his first Roman imprisonment and
asked Timothy to stay behind in Ephesus while he
went on to Macedonia.
3. “Fables and endless genealogies” (1:4): These
were probably myths built on OT genealogies.
4. Hymenaeus (1:20) was
an apostate and a false teacher who taught that the resurrection was already
past (2Tim 2:17-18).
5. Alexander (1:20) was probably Alexander the
coppersmith, who did Paul much harm (2Tim 4:14).
1. How does
Paul’s personal testimony relate to his charge to Timothy?
1. Based on the way Paul identifies himself, what
can we know about Paul’s understanding of his role and responsibility?
2. Why is the Lord Jesus Christ “our hope”?
3a. How does Paul address Timothy?
3b. What does this term suggest?
4a. Why did Paul urge Timothy to remain in Ephesus?
4b. Why is this
4c. What similar issues do we face today, and how should we
respond to them?
5a. What “commandment” is verse 5 referring to?
5b. Explain the
purpose of this commandment.
6. What is a “good conscience”?
7. What are the underlying problems of the false
8a. According to
Paul, what is the purpose of the law?
8b. How have the false teachers misinterpreted the purpose of
9. For what does Paul give thanks to Christ Jesus?
10. How does
Paul describe his past?
11. Why does
Paul recall his own past?
12. According to
Paul, what is God’s purpose in granting him mercy?
13. How is
Paul’s testimony relevant today?
14. Analyze and
meditate on the hymn of verse 17. What moves Paul to say these words of praise?
15. How does
this paragraph challenge the doctrine of the false teachers?
16. What lessons
can we learn from Paul’s view of himself, of the grace he has received, and of
17. What does
Paul compare Timothy’s mission to? Explain your answer.
18. How does
Paul contrast Timothy with the false teachers with whom he is battling?
19. Why is
shipwreck a suitable analogy for the condition of those who have rejected faith
and a good conscience?