Samuel and Saul
I Sam 3,7,8,12
“Samuel” means “name of God” or
“his name is God,” suggesting the boy’s close affinity with God.
Priest, judge, prophet (I Sam
3:19–20, 7:6, 15–17) He is the last judge and the first of the prophets (Act
He served the Lord from his childhood (I Sam
Girding himself with linen ephod (2:18; Ex
28:31–35; Lk 2:49)
His work: open the doors of the house of the
Lord (3:15). He was faithful and responsible even in little things (cf. Lk
He served the Lord under Eli (3:1; I Pet 5:5).
The Lord called Samuel three times (3:4,6,8): a
test to his sobriety, watchfulness, humility, and obedience (3:5,6,8–10).
“Immovable” faith and characters:
Though the surroundings were evil, Samuel was
not affected (I Sam 3:1,26)
Do not be conformed to this world but be transformed
by the renewal of the mind (Rm 12:2; 13:11–14; II Cor 6:14–18)
Immovable faith (Phil 2:15–17)
He grew in the presence of the Lord (2:21)
He continued to grow in favor with the Lord and
with men (2:26; Lk 2:52)
The Lord was with Him (3:19–21)
None of his words fall to the ground (3:19; I Jn
The Lord appeared to him (3:21; Ref: II Cor
The Lord was with Joseph and he became a
successful man (Gen 39:2,3,23)
He was honest and upright (12:1–5)
A great intercessor (7:5; 12:23–24) like Moses
(Ps 99:6; Jer 15:1)
I Sam 9–11,13–20,23,24,26–29; II
The first king of Israelites
He was humble (9:21; Jas 4:10).
He hid himself (10:21; Jn 6:15).
The spirit came mightily upon him and he was
turned into another man (10:6,9–10; Ez 36:26–27;37:14).
The fall of Saul (13:1–15, 15:1–35)
In two years, Saul has deteriorated in his faith
He disobeyed God’s commandments (13:9,
Impenitent, blaming the people for his fault
(15:20–21; Gen 3:12–13).
Envy produces hatred, hatred leads to killing
(18:6–10; Pro 14:30; Gal 5:26; Num 11:28-29).
The spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, the
evil spirit tormented him (6:14–23).
* “Better is the end of a thing than
its beginning” (Ecc 7:8)