“You diligently study the
Scriptures because you think that by them you possess eternal life. These are
the Scriptures that testify about me” (Jn 5:39).
The central message of the entire
Bible is the salvation of mankind who is created by God and has fallen in sins.
The merciful God has prepared a great salvation: Jesus Christ came to the world
to lay down his life to redeem mankind from sins and to deliver the chosen ones
to his heavenly kingdom to receive eternal life. This is the main purpose of studying
the book of Genesis.
PART ONE: An Introduction to Genesis
Purpose of Genesis (2 Tim 3:16–17)
To understand God’s immense wisdom, power, and
his great love through his creation (Prov 3:19; Jer 32:17; Ps 8:3–4).
To obtain lessons and warnings from the records
about the downfall of the progenitors of mankind. To recognize the weaknesses
of man and the cunning temptation and powerful weapons of Satan. To realize the
forbearance, deliverance and righteous judgment of God (Rom 5:12; Rev
12:9,12,17; 2 Pet 2:5–7).
From the fathers of faith—Abel, Enoch, Noah,
Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Joseph: To learn to cultivate an intimate
relationship with God, to please God and to receive God’s abundant grace and
blessings, as well as to accomplish God’s great mission (Heb 11:4–22; Gal
Author and the generations of Genesis
The first five books of the Bible—Gen, Ex, Lev,
Num, Deu—are also known as the Pentateuch or Torah
(Books of Law). According to Bible records, research of conservative Bible
scholars and discoveries of archaeologists, the author of Torah should be Moses
(Deut 31:9,24–26; Lk 24:27,44; Jn
Genesis was written in 1,400 b.c. Its records span 2308 years (from the creation of Adam to
the death of Joseph). Moses recorded the events that happened since creation
(about 2,600 years ago) to 300 years before him.
Years From Creation
The source of information from which Moses wrote
From the inspiration of God (2 Tim 3:16)
From the oral tradition of ancestors
From the historical record of Hebrew nation
(including genealogy) (Gen 5:1–32; 6:9; 11:10–32; 25:13–20; 36:1–43: 37:2)
Origin of the Name “Genesis,” its significance
and its importance
“Genesis” is taken from the Septuagint—a Greek
translation of the Old Testament Bible which was completed in 72 days by 72
priests (6 priests from each of the 12 tribes) under the decree of King Ptolemy
Philadelphus during 285–24 B.C. Christ and Paul
quoted the Old Testament using this Greek version which is earlier than any
other extant Hebrew versions of the Old Testament.
“Genesis” is derived from the Greek word “Gennao” which means “origin” or “birth,” for in this book
records the origin of the universe, life, man, woman, Sabbath, family, faith,
sins, work, murder, sacrifice, nations, languages, civilization, culture, and
The Bible begins with Genesis as its foundation
and ends with Revelation. The New Testament contains at least 200 quotations
from or references to Genesis.
General Outline of Genesis
By events and major characters
God created the heaven and the
earth, all things, and mankind (1:1–2:25)
The fall of the forefathers of
From Adam through Enoch to Noah
Noah and the Flood (6:1–9:29)
The descendants of Sham, Ham, Jepheth (10:1–32)
The Tower of Babel
and confusion of languages (11:1–9)
From Sham to Abram (11:10–32)
The descendants of Ishmael
Isaac, Esau, and Jacob
The descendants of Esau (36:1–43)
Jacob and Joseph (37:1–50:26)
The generations of the heaven and
the earth (1:1–2:6)
Adam and his descendants
Noah and his sons (6:9–9:29)
The descendants of Noah’s sons
The descendants of Sham
The descendants of Terah (11:27–32)
Abram and his sons (12:1–25:10)
The descendants of Ishamel (25:12–18)
The descendants of Isaac
The descendants of Esau
The descendants of Jacob
While the first 11 chapters of Genesis cover a
period of about 2,000 years, the other chapters (12–50) cover only about 350
years. The reason is that Genesis places its emphasis on the most important
character, Abraham, and the most important event, God’s choosing and the faith
of man. Similarly, out of the 89 chapters of the gospel books in the New
Testament, 4 chapters record the first 30 years of Jesus’ life and the other
chapters (85 chapters) the last 3 years of his life. Specifically, since the
theme of the gospel books is the crucifixion, burial, and resurrection of
Jesus, 27 of the 85 chapters record the last 8 days of His life.
PART TWO: THE ESSENTIAL TEACHINGS OF GENESIS
Creation of heaven and earth (1:1–2:25)
Through His immeasurable wisdom,
mighty power and great love, God created the universe and all things by His
word and command (Prov 3:19; Jer
10:12; 32:17; Ps 104:24; Jn 1:1–3; Act 17:24–28; Rom
1:20; Col 1:16; Heb 3:4). The universe was not naturally formed by “Big Bang”
nor by “Evolution” (note 1).
“And the earth was without form,
void; and the darkness was upon the face of the deep”—perhaps this is the
prelude to the birth of the beautiful and orderly universe and to the lives
therein. It might also be the result of the fallen angel (Is 14:12–17; Ez 28:14–17): “the fuitful land
was a desert; all its towns lay in ruins” (Jer
4:23–26). Similalry, the devil turned the hearts of
men into void and darkness (Ps 62:9; Is 57:20–21; Gen 6:5).
“The spirit of God moved upon the face of the
water”—“moved” in Hebrews is “rachaph” which means
“shook” (Jer 33:9) or “stirred up” (Deut 32:11). The
mighty power of the spirit of God, which shook the face of the water, became
the source that generated more energies (light, heat and electricity, etc.).
* God made the planet Earth prior
to all other planets in the universe. Obviously then, the universe was made for
the earth. To God, the earth is the most important planet on which men were
created after His image. Therefore, when the end of the world comes, God will
destroy the earth as well as the entire universe (Heb 1:10–12; 12:26–27; Rev
The clause “God said, ‘…’” is found 10 times
(3,6,9,11,14,20,24,26,28,29). (Ps 33:6,9; 148:5; Heb 11;3)
The word of God is life (Jn 6:63) and is power (Lk 1:37).
The order of creation:
First day—the heaven, the earth and
Second day—firmament (air), division
of the water above and below firmament
Third day—grass, herbs, fruit trees
Fourth day—sun, moon and stars
Fifth day—marine life and birds
Sixth day—Living creature, creeping
things, beasts and finally mankind
From the order of creation, we
perceive God’s great wisdom and love: He prepared the necessary environment for
all life to survive (like air, water, the sun and moon) and created all other
things before He made man (Ps 8:3–4; 104:10–28).
said, ‘Let there be light’” (1:3).
This “light” is not sunlight (1:16),
but the light that came from God (1 Jn 1:5; Jas 1:17;
2 Cor 4:6). “God called the light “day” and the
darkness He called “night,”” (1:5) meaning that the earth began to revolve.
the firmament and separated the water under the firmament from the water above
God had created the atmosphere to
protect the lives on earth and to provide sufficient O2, N2, and CO2 for all living things through His immense
wisdom and love (note 2).
“The waters under the firmament”
refer to the ocean which occupies 2/3 of the surface area of the earth. Before
the third day of creation, the entire earth was covered by this waters (1:9).
“The waters above the firmament”
refer to the layer of vapor canopy that enveloped the firmament to provide
“greenhouse effect” for the earth. Since it maintained the same temperature at
every place, the earth became an extremely good environment. The source of the
flood in Noah’s generation is simply this vapor canopy which God broke and
poured all the mighty water on the entire globe (7:11) (Note 3).
“After his kind” (1:11,12,21,24,25).
This term is mentioned 10 times.
Every living thing was created by God from the beginning after his own “kind,”
such as crops, bean, eagle, cow, horse, bear, tiger, snake, ant, monkey, dog,
cat, human, etc.; they are definitely not formed by evolution. There are only
slight variations within each “kind.” Breeding can be done only within the same
“kind”; cross breeding of different “kinds” is impossible. “Kind” is not
“species,” a term used in Evolution (1 Cor 15:38–39).
“Fossils” are the strongest evidence
to prove that evolution is absolutely wrong (Note 5).
“And God said, ‘Let there be lights in the
firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for
signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years, … And God made two great
lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the
night; he made the stars also” (1:14–19). God made the solar system and the
stars in the universe to provide a perfect environment for all plants and
creatures to survive. This reveals God’s mighty power, great wisdom and
abundant love (Note 6).
The sun prefigures God—the Lord
Jesus (Mal 4:2; Mt 5:45; Lk 1:78; Jn
The moon prefigures the TrueChurch
(2 Cor 3:17–18; Rom 13:12).
The stars prefigure the saints (Dan
12:3; Phil 2:5; Mt 5:16).
The wandering and falling stars
prefigure the fallen believers (Jude 13; Rev 6:13).
God made man after His own image (1:26–27). The
“image of God” refers to the “image of the spiritual body” (1 Cor 15:44,49; Prov 8:22–25; Eze 1:15; Heb 1:3; Lk 24:39–43)
and the “image of spirituality” (Is 42:5; Eph 4:24; Ez
3:9–10; 2 Pet 1:4,11). The degree of perfection of “spirituality” on earth is
directly related to the degree of glory of the “spiritual body” in heaven (Mt
13:43; 17:1–2; Mk 9:2–3).
God said, “We” (1:26). It does not denote
plurality or trinity.
There are several explanations: God,
as the king of the spiritual world, was speaking to His angels (Heb 12:9–10);
God was speaking to His beloved son who had been established before the
foundation of the world (Prov 8:22–26; Ez 1:15–17; Jn 17:24; Eph 1:4; 2
Tim 1:9; 1 Pet 1:20); God made man and woman according to “His” (singular)
God blessed mankind (1:28–30):
Be fruitful and multiply and replenish the earth
(today’s population and distribution of mankind)
Rule over the land (today’s mankind rule over
the planet earth)
Have all fruits and herbs as their food (the
only food for all living creatures before the flood)
God made the heaven and the earth within six
days—six real days
In Hebrews, “yon” means real “day” (24 hours)
At the end of each day’s creation, the Bible
said “evening and morning” (1:5,8,13,19,23,31)
God made grass, herbs, and fruit trees on the
third day. He made sun, moon, and stars on the fourth day. So the third day has
to be 24 hours, or else all the plants and trees cannot survive (1:11–19).
In the ten commandments, God said, “In six days
he made heaven and earth and all things” (Ex 20:11).
It is not according to “Gap Theory” (Note 7) nor
“Day-Age Theory” (Note 8).
In fact, according to discoveries by scientists
in recent years, the earth is actually fairly young in age (which corroborates
the Biblical account of about 6,000 years (Note 9)). Even biochemical
archaeologists discovered that the dinosaurs lived at the same time as human
beings (Note 10).
God established the Sabbath (2:1–3). The Sabbath
was established long before the commandments and laws were declared. “Sabbath
was made for man” (Mk 2:27).
For man to rest physically and spiritually (Is
40:28; Ex 23:12)
For man to remember the profound grace of God’s
creation (Ex 20:8–11)
To be a sign between God and us and to remind us
to live a sanctified life (Ez 20:12)
To remember God’s salvation grace (Deut 5:15)
Remind man to hope for the real Sabbath in the
kingdom of heaven (Heb 6:9–10)
To give blessing to mankind (Is 58:13–14)
* The Sabbath day is the seventh day
of the week—Saturday.
there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground”
(2:6). Prior to the flood, there was no rainbow, nor four seasons on earth
(8:22; 9:12–17) (Note 2).
God made Adam (2:7). God formed the body of man
from dust—today’s chemists have proven that the more than 30 major chemical
elements in the human body are identical to the composition of dust. God also
gave man spirit and soul (Is 42:5; 1 Thess 5:23). The
spirit of man is the lamp of God (Prov 20:27; Mt
6:22–23). Conscience is the work of the spirit (Rom 2:14–15; 7:19–22). The soul
of man is his inner self (Mt 16:26; Rom 7:24; 1 Pet 2:25)
“Breath” in Hebrews is “ruach”
or in Greek “Pnuema,” which is equivalent to “wind.”
“Breath” means “life” (Ex 7:22; Ez 37:9–14; Jn 3:6–8; 20:22; Act 2:1–4)
“Adam” means “man,” which is derived from
Hebrews “adamah,” meaning “earth.”
God made all nations from one man (Act 17:26–27;
Garden of Eden [2:8–17]
Prefigures the true church
in Hebrews means “delight.” The church
of God is filled with
spiritual joy (Rom 14:17; Ps 36:7–9).
In the East (Ez
43:1–2; 47:1–2; Mt 24:27; Is 49:11–12; Rev 7:1–3)
In the midst of the garden was the tree of
life—eternal life—the truth (Jn 6:35,47,63), the Holy
Spirit (Ez 37:14)
And the tree of knowledge of good and evil—the
commandment (Rom 7:7; Mt 19:16–17)—God did not allow the progenitors to eat the
fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil because God did not want them
to have any knowledge of evil, lest they be overcome by their lust of flesh and
commit sins (3:7; 1 Cor 14:20).
4 rivers (Ez 47:1,6–9;
Rev 22:10; Ps 46:4)—the river of the truth (Ps 2:2–3), the living waters of the
Holy Spirit (Jn 7:37–39)
“break forth.” “Tigris” (former name “Hiddekel”) means “direction, arrow.” Archaeologists have
proven that these 2 rivers are indeed the cradle of mankind (Note 11).
All kinds of wonderful fruits (Ez 47:12)—the virtues of the saints, to glorify God and
edify people (Jn 15:8,16; Gal 5:22)
Fine gold—tried faith (1 Pet 1:7). Pearl and onyx—the
spiritual beauty of the saints (1 Pet 3:3–5)
All creatures lived in harmony and love—the
garden of love (2:19–20; Is 11:6–9).
God walked in the garden (3:8)—God abide always
(Rev 21:3–5; Mt 28:20; Mk 16:20; 1 Jn 3:24)
God granted mankind freewill to choose (2:6; Jn 8:31–36)
God made every beast and fowl out of the dust
and brought them before Adam to have him name them (2:19–20).
God instituted marriage (2:18–25)
The purposes of God’s making Eve—to help Adam
(husband) in his faith, daily life and work (2:18; Ecc
Woman was made for man. Therefore, wife must
respect husband as her head and obey him (1 Cor
11:3,8–10; Eph 5:22–23).
God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam—we
should rely upon God to seek our spouses. God will personally find a spouse for
His child. The lesser the human intervention, the more God’s Providence. What God provides is the best (Prov 3:3–5; 19:14; 24:61–63).
“Reap” in Hebrews is “tsela”
which means “side.” Therefore, husband must cherish and love his wife (Eph
5:25,28,33; 1 Pet 3:7).
“Bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh”—since
husband and wife are one body, let no one put asunder (Mk 10:6–9,11,12).
They were naked, but felt no shame—they did not
have the knowledge of evil and were simple and pure as infant (1 Cor 14:20).
Adam prefigures Christ (1 Cor
15:45,22). Eve prefigures the Church (Jn 19:33–35;
Act 20:28; Eph 5:23,25; Rev 19:7–8).
The progenitors sinned (Gen 3:1–4:26)
Adam and Eve committed sins
The serpent was wise and cunning (Mt 10:16; 2 Cor 11:3), and became the instrument of Satan (2 Cor 11:3; Rev 12:9).
Devil made people doubt the words of God (3:1;
Devil changed the word of God (2:4; Jn 8:44–47).
Devil tempted man when he was alone. Therefore,
we must be awake (Ps 102:7; Mt 24:40,41) at all times.
3 major weapons of Devil—the lust of the eyes,
the lust of the flesh, and the pride of life (3:4–6; 1 Jn
was cursed by God; he served as the instrument of Satan to tempt people to sin
Eve committed sin
Listened to Satan and not to God (Jas 4:7)
Did not refrain from the lust of the flesh and
eyes (1 Pet 2:11–12)
Weak in faith (1 Pet 3:7; Ez
Caused her husband to sin (Jn
21:3; Mt 18:7)
Did not admit her own sin and passed the
responsibility on to others (2:13; 1 Jn 1:8,10; Ps
Naked—shame will definitely be revealed after a
person sinned. It is impossible to cover up by human ways (Is 64:6; Lk 12:2,3)
Eve was cursed by God (Jn
16:21; 1 Tim 2:15) and lost eternal life (3:22–24).
Failed to fulfill the duty of a leader (head)
and blindly followed his wife (3:6; Lk 14:25–26).
Refused to admit his own sin and passed the
responsibility on to others (3:12; Prov 28:13)
Shame was revealed and fear overshadowed his
Adam was cursed by God (2:17–19; Ps 91:10; Rom
8:22,23; Ecc 1:13; 2:11,22) and lost eternal life
God’s righteousness and mercy
God walked in the garden—He is omnipresent and
omniscient (3:8; Ps 139:1–8; Jer 16:17).
God gave Adam and Eve time and opportunity to
repent (3:9–11; Rom 2:3–6).
God made coats of skins to clothe Adam and Eve
(3:21; Is 61:10; Gal 3:27)—prefigures that Christ gives us his righteous garment
God placed cherubims
and a flaming sword which turned every way to guard the way to the tree of life
(Heb 9:11–12; 10:19–20).
(Ez 28:13–17; Heb 9:7–9; 24–28).
“The seed of the woman shall bruise the head of
the serpent and the serpent shall bruise her heel.” There shall be enmity
between them (Gal 4:4; Is 7:14; Rom 16:1; Heb 2:14; 1 Cor
Cain and Abel (4:1–26)
Typical figures of good and evil.
Adam also had many other children (5:4).
Why God favored Abel’s offering and not Cain’s
Abel offered sacrifice by faith (Heb 11:4). He
did what God pleased by following God’s will in his offering (Lev 1:10–13).
Abel offered the first born (4:4; Num 18:17; Prov 3:9–10). He put God first and offered his thanksgiving
Abel offered the best (4:4 Num 18:29; Mal
God looks into the hearts of man (1 Sam 16:7).
To obey is better than sacrifice (1 Sam 15:22–23).
Cain committed sin
Cain offered a sacrifice that God displeased
(4:3–7; Rom 12:2; Eph 5:8–10; 1 Pet 2:5; Prov 16:2).
Cain was jealous of his own brother (Jas
3:14–16; Prov 14:30, 27:4).
Jealousy ’ hatred ’ anger ’ murder (4:5–8; Prov 25:28; Jas 1:13–15; Eph 4:26–27)
Cain did not examine himself (Lam 3:40).
Cain was unwilling to repent (4:9; rom 2:5–6).
The judgment of God (4:10–13)
“Whoever met Cain” refers to Adam’s children who
were born after Cain and Abel—for Abel was killed when Adam was about 129 years
old. God gave him a sign, perhaps a visible sign on his forehead (cf. 9:12–14).
The descendants of Cain. In this early
generation of mankind was found civilization, wisdom, and technology; but sins
also gradually multiplied.
Jabal was the father
of dwellers in the tents and the owner of cattle.
Jubal was the father of musician of the harp and
Tubalcain was an
instructor of every artificer in brass and iron.
generation from Adam through Cain. He started polygamy (Mk 10:6–9). He was a
man of violence and brutality (4:23–24).
God gave Adam Seth to replace Abel (4:25–26).
People began to restore their faith toward God in the time of Enosh (Mal 2:15).
The earliest 10 generations of mankind (the
365 (was taken by God)
969 (the oldest man in history;
died in the year of the Flood)
777 (had the shortest life among
the earliest 10 generations; died about 4 years before the Flood
The cause of longevity before the flood (Note 3)
Enoch walked with God (5:21–24)
Even though he had the shortest life on earth,
his life was the most valuable and remarkable (Ps 90:12; Jn
“Enoch” in Hebrews means “dedication.” “Methusalah” in Hebrews means “man of javelin” or “when he
Turning point of Enoch’s life—age 65
God named Enoch’s son Methusalah
to warn Enoch of the destruction of the world at Methusalah’s
death. Truly, in the year of Methusalah’s death, God
destroyed the world with flood (5:25–28, 7:11; Mt 24:42–44; Rom 13:11–14).
Enoch lived in a sinful generation (he was the
seventh generation from Adam through Seth, the same generation as Lamach) (Jude 14). But Enoch preserved his faith and walked
with God (1 Jn 5:18).
Enoch walked with God
He walked with God:
had the same mind and heart as God (Amos 3:3)
had an intimate relationship with God; the
friend of God (Ps 25:14; Jas 4:8)
walked in God’s way and obey God’s word (6:9; 1 Jn 2:5–6)
worked with God—preached the warning to save
souls (Jude 14)
He walked with God 300 years—
the longest and the most persistent faith in the
history of mankind (Heb 3:14; Ecc 7:1,8)
He was taken by God—like Elijah (2 Kig 2:11; 1 Thess 4:16–18)
Noah and the Flood (6:1-8:22; Mt 24:37-39; II Pet 2:5)
The reason for destruction with flood—warning of
the last day
The sons of God marry the daughters of men
Sons of God—the sons of Seth, descendants with
faith (4:2-26, 6:3; Jn 1:12; Rom 8:14); but does not
refer to angels (Mt 22:30).
Daughters of men—the descendants of Cain,
descendants without faith.
When married to non-believer, one would
gradually lose faith and depart from God.
(Neh 15:26-27; 2 Cor
6:14; 1 Cor 7:39)
Marriage that results from outward beauty would
not please God. (Prov
31:30; 1 Pet 3:3-5)
Every intent of thoughts was evil (6:5)--thoughts
has been taken up by evil, and the heart has become darken. Sinning and immorality will be the natural
result. (Mt 6:23, 15:18-20; 1 Pet
The earth was corrupt and filled with violence
(6:11-12). Evil deeds are product of
evil thoughts (Lk 6:43-45). Because of the severe sins, God no longer
forgave (Rev 18:4,8).
Valuing material life, and pursuing physical
enjoyment and pleasure (Mt 24:38-39).
Wasting the grace of God on the life of indulgence and pleasure (Job
1:4-5; 2 Tim 3:1-4).
The authority of Noah’s Ark
Over 200 recordings of different cultures and
nations (7:6-7). *note 12.
Proof from fossils (7:19-21).*note 13.
Proof from astronomy (7:11). *note 3 and 14.
Discoveries of exploration scientists (8:4)--Mt.Ararat. *note 15.
is 450 feet long, 75 feet wide, 45 feet high, and the volume is 1440,000 cubic
feet; it can contain 125,000 sheep.
Species of pines.
Evidence from pilots and satellite photograph. *note
Evidence from aerodynamicist. *note 16.--length:width=6:1;
length:height=10:1; it is the most stable ship of the
world. *note 17.
The ice caps of northern and southern
poles. (8:1-5). *note 18.
A righteous man—Noah (6:8-9)
Perfect man (17:1; Heb 6:1; Mt 5:48)
Walked with God (Mich 6:8)
Believed and relied on God completely—when he
was 500 years old, God only told him once to build the “ark”, he obeyed and did
so. (5:32; 6:13, 22, 7:1; Lk 6:46; Jn 8:31)
Mission of Noah (Mission of the true church
in the last days)
Build the ark (build up the complete church)
Prepare food for all the animals, birds, insects
for and themselves (they stay in the ark for 377 days)(6:21) To be filled by the truth.
Preach righteous words (II Pet 2:5).
Bring his whole family, animals, birds, and
insects into the ark (6:19; 7:2-3). Bring
people into the true church to be saved.
The thanksgiving of Noah (8:20-21; Ps 103:1-5,
The spiritual prefiguration
and teaching of Noah’s ark
The ark prefigures the true
of the last days)
Only one (6:14; Eph 4:4; Is 12:1-3; Jn 10:16; Rev 21:2)
The measurements are completely according to
God’s command (Words of God—Bible)(6:22; I Chron
28:12; Mt 7:21-23; Gal 1:6-10; Eph 2:19-20)
All kinds of living creature lived together in
harmony (Is 11:6-9; Ps 133:1-3; Jn 13:34-35).
Having the abidance of God—God said, “Come into
the ark, you and all your household.”
(7:1; Mt 28:20)
Having a source of light at the top of the ark
(6:16)--the only source of light and air (from above). Build up hope and reliance on God (Ps 141:8; Prov 3:5-7).
Release of a raven and a dove (8:6-14)
30:17), an unclean bird (Lev 11:13,15), did not return after the release. Lost itself in the rotten flesh and mud
(8:7). Prefigures members who indulge in
the pleasures of worldly sins (25:27; Heb 12:14-17; I Pet 4:23).
Dove—gentle (Mt 10:16), clean, peace, love its
family (Is 60:8), animal of sacrifice (Lev 1:14). Prefigures believers who are holy and filled
with the Holy Spirit (Mt 3:16).
Three times of releasing the dove
(8:8-12)--prefigures the work of the Holy Spirit in three different periods.
First release—water has not yet dry, the dove
cannot find a place to land and returned.
Prefigures the work of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament time. Because salvation was not yet complete, men’s
sins were not cleansed, the Holy Spirit could not dwell in men but only
temporarily moved men (I Sam 10:6-10).
Second release—water has subsided; the dove
returned with a fresh olive leaf. This
prefigures the work of the Holy Spirit in the apostolic time. The olive leaf refers to the people who are
saved (Ps 53:8).
Third release—the dove did not return. This prefigures the work of the Holy Spirit
in the last days before the second coming of Jesus (Joel 2:23, 18-31).
Heaven and earth after the flood
There are four seasons (8:22); there are rain
and rainbows (9:12-16). *note 3 &
God blessed Noah and made a covenant with
Noah. The rainbow refers to salvation
and the spiritual beauty of the Lord Jesus (Ezek 1:26-28; Rev 4:3); it is the
sign of covenant between God and men (12:9-11; Ex 12:3-8).
God allowed men to consume meat. *note 3.
Do not eat blood (9:4; Lev 17:11-12). Blood consists of life and is used for the
purpose of redemption (Heb 9:6; Acts 15:19, 28).
Do not shed the blood of men (9:6). One must pay his own live for a live (Num
35:33). Because man is created in God’s
own likeness (Mt 5:21-22; Jas 3:9-10; I Jn 4:20).
Noah’s drunkenness (9:20-27)
Men’s perfection is relative, not absolute. Men are very weak and often change—e.g.
Elisha, Peter; only the Lord will never change (Heb 13:8; Mt 17:7).
Even Noah committed wrongs; we must be even more
alert (I Cor 10:12).
This was the only mistake of Noah, just like David.
After he had completed the great work and
received the abidance, blessings and covenant of God, he let lose of his flesh
and committed sin (I Cor 9:27; Gal 5:16-21), similar
to Elijah and King David.
People who failed on eating and drinking (Heb
13:9; Rom 14:17)--the Israelites in the wilderness (Num 11:4-35), the man of
God (I Kings 13:11-22), the children of Job (Job 1:4-5).
Person who was victorious on eating and
drinking—Daniel (Dan 1:8, 12-15).
Harm of drinking—a drunkard forgets the law of
God (Prov 31:4, 5), harm his own health (Hos 7:5), commits great sin (19:30-38), exposes his shame
(9:20), brings harms to others (9:24-25), loses of eternal life (I Cor 6:7, 10).
Should not drink—other than cooking or when
taking it as medicine (I Tim 5:23).
Do not drink (Eph 5:18; Gal 5:19-21).
Would not reexamine himself when committed sin
but turn the anger on his son and cursed his son so that the descendants have
to suffer (9:24-25; Prov 14:29; Jas 3:8-10; Lk 6:27-28).
Although a righteous man might be weak for a
time, when he turned back God, God still receives him. Therefore, no one should not despise or look
down on him (Ps 37:24). Such as Abraham
(12:10-20, 13:1-18), Moses (Num 12:1-9).
Because Ham went out to proclaim his father’s
shame, he received a severe curse (Prov 10:19, 13:3,
17:27, 28). E.g. Miriam (Num 12:1,
6-15). Shem and Japheth by their love
covered their father’s shame and received the great blessing of God (9:27-27; I
Pet 5:7-8; Ps 15:1-3).
The prefigurations of
Noah continue to be fulfilled until present day (9:24-27)
The descendants of Sham—Spread through the
Middle East, Asia. The true church of God
(tent) comes from the descendants of Sham—Jews.
The descendants of Japheth—Spread through Europe and the north.
The strong countries, no matter in politics, economy, or military are
from the descendants of Japheth (9:27).
The descendants of Ham and Canaan—Spread through
the land of Canaan
and Africa and suffered the fate of being
The descendants of Sham, Ham, and Japheth (11)
The meaning of genealogy (I Chron
1-9; Mt 1; Lk 3)
Records history and events.
Records dwelling places.
Records descendants of the devout and the
genealogy of Messiah and the chosen people of God.
Records ancestors and the right of inheritance.
Japeth (10:1-5, 9:7)
descendants and the Persians built up a great empire (Dan 5).
descendants built up the great Greek Empire.
descendants built up the great Germany,
and the great force of the Nazi party. “Magog, Tubal, Rosh” built up the
great northern country. Was closely related
to the great final war (Ezek 38:1-3, 14-16; 39:1-16; Rev 16:12-16, 20:7-10).
Descendants of Ham (10)
Nimrod, son of cush, was
a mighty hunter, protector of the human beings (there were dangers of the
Babel et al were the founders of the city of Nineveh. The descendants of Cush also established the great
Egyptian Empire and her culture.
“Put”--built the country of Libya (Ezek 38:5).
Kings 10; Mt 12:42)
(10:14)--the main enemy of the judges.
“Canaan”--various tribes in the land of Canaan
(10:15-18); established the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah.
Descendants of Shem (10:21-21)
the Persian Empire.
the Assyrian Empire.
“Mash”--Job (Job 1).
The ancient culture—Nineveh, Egypt,
etc. *note 19.
of Babel (11:1-9)
Babel—Akkad meaning “the
door of God”. The ancient Hebrew root
word means “confuse”. “Add”--Akkad as “Ziggurratu”.
Wished to reach heaven and challenge God (Is
14:13-14). Knowledge and skill make men
proud (Ezek 18:5-6, 16-17; Prov 16:18; I Pet 5:5-6).
In order to glorify men, not God (Ps 115:1; Ezek
5:41, 44, 7:18).
So that they will not be scattered throughout
the earth-contrary to the will of God (1:28; Rom 12:2; Jn
Those who do not do according to the will of God
will finally perish (Rom 9:14-16).
Those who rely on themselves but not God will
not receive the help of God in the completion of work.
God confused their tongues so that the work had
to be stopped and the people scattered throughout the earth.
Archaeologists discover the tower of Babel
at the period about 101 years after the flood located 20 miles south-west of Babylon. The shape of the tower is square, with area
of 49,000 square feet. The height can
reach 600 feet and had reached 157 feet.
It had been built with red, yellow, blue, and green colors of
bricks. Ancient picture has been found
to record that a tower has been built to rebel against God, within one night,
God struck the tower and scattered them that there was great confuse of
language and great weeping.
From Shem to Abram (11:10-30)
south-east of Babylon. Originally a commercial harbor, one of the
most famous city in the ancient time.
She was the center of commerces, culture and
also the city of idols and adultery (*note 20). Leaving Ur—prefigures leaving all sins. It is the first step of God’s calling (11:1; Neh 9:7).
the bank of the branch of Euphrates, Balikh. From Ur to Haran is about 600
miles and Haran to Hebron at least 400 miles (13:18).
The father of Abraham, Terah
at first also served the idols (Josh 24:15) and he did not have a firm
determination in God’s calling.
Therefore he and his sons Nahor and Haran stay at the mid
way. They were not able to persevere and
obediently finish the journey to Canaan
(24:10, 28:1, 2, 10).
Abram (original name means
“father of high”). Abraham (the name God changed) (17:1–5)— “Father of nations”
The father of faith—Abraham (Jn
8:39; Rom 4:1–3,13,16; Gal 3:6–9)
Put God first in his daily life—
Obeyed God’s calling and camped out from Ur (12:1–4; Heb 11:8)
Built an alter everywhere (12:7–8; 13:18)
Offered thanksgiving to Melchizedak
(14:17–24; Heb 7:1–19; Jn 8:56–58)
Believed the word of God (Rom 4:19–21; Heb
Had an active faith (a living faith) (Jas
Loved God more than his only begotten son
(22:1–19; Heb 11:17)
Believed that God is omnipotent (Rom 4:17; Heb
11:19; Mt 19:26)
Found a wife for his son by posing only one
condition—faith and love (24:1–9; 2 Cor 6:14–18)
Set his hope in heaven—
Life of a sojourner (Heb 11:9–16)
Not affected by the temptation of splendor and
enjoyment of Egypt.
Regarded God as his only satisfaction (13:1–4; Heb 11:24–27)
Despised the benefits of the world. Rather to
yield than to strive with others (13:8–13)
Loved others as himself—
Did his best with love to show hospitality to
strangers (18:1–8; Rom 12:10–13)
Magnanimous; did not remember Lot’s
offense. Even risked his life to save Lot (14:1–16;
1 Cor 13:5). Prayed persistently for Lot (18:20–33; 19:29; Mt 5:44; 6:14–15)
A lasting and steadfast faith. His faith grew
with age, from 75 to 175 years old, a-hundred-year faith (12:4; 25:7)
The friend of God—Abraham (2 Chron
20:7; Is 41:8; Jas 2:23; Jn 15:14)
God appeared to Abraham seven times and gave His
promise to him and made a covenant with him
On the day of calling (12:1)—directed him to
depart from Ur to Canaan
After he yielded with love, God appeared to him
and blessed him (13:14–17).
After he risked his life to deliver Lot, God appeared to him and blessed him (14:18–20)
God reaffirmed His promise and made a covenant
with him by splitting the sacrifice (15:1–21)
After Abraham’s weakness and mistake, God
appeared to exhort him, to reconfirm the promised and to make a covenant of
circumcision with his house (17:1–27; Ezek 2:11–12)
God and angels appeared to him in the form of
strangers to test his love and to fulfill God’s promise (18:1–16)
God tested Abraham by asking him to offer his
only begotten son to give him the perfect blessing (22:1–18)
God revealed secret things to Abraham (19:16–17;
God blessed him in all things and made his cup
overflow with grace (24:1; Ps 34:8–10; 36:7–9; 33:5–6)
Abraham’s blessings reached all nations and
generations (22:17–18; Ex 20:6)
Departed the world under the grace of God—his
days in full and left in peace (35:29; Ps 116:15; Rev 14:13)
4 failures of Abraham’s faith
Encountered famine and went down to Egypt
Forgot to ask God and rely upon Him in
adversity. Departed from the promised land (26:1–13; Ps 31:14–15; Prov 3:5–7)
This mistake caused him to lie
(12:11–20). Even the entire house of Pharaoh was under God’s punishment and
later caused Lot to separate from him
He lied 2 times (12:10–20; 20:1–18). He failed
to rely on God’s mighty power. For fear of death, he uttered a “half lie” and
even caused others to be chastised by God (Mt 10:26,28–31; Act 17:28)
Yielded to the weakness of others—listened to
Sarah’s words and married Hagar, which created severe family disputes and left
the enmity of Israel and Arab in generations to come (16:1–14; 21:8–21)
We must not follow the flesh or the
desire of man (Mt 16:21–23; Rom 8:5–8,12,13). We must wait upon the Lord
patiently (Ps 37:7,34).
The wife of Abraham—Sarah
(original name means “doubtful”). “Sarah” means “princess”
The only woman whose name was changed by God
(23:1). Also, the only woman whose age of her death is recorded in the Bible
Except for her faith weakening twice, she was
indeed a faithful woman (16:1–3; 18:12).
Obeyed her husband (1 Pet 3:1,5,6)—departed from
Ur, showed hospitality to stranger, offered her only son to God
Possessed inward beauty—had a holy character,
feared God, was gentle and quite (1 Pet 3:2–5)
A virtuous woman—a good helper of her husband
and an excellent teacher of her son (Prov
31:10–12,28–30). Deeply remembered by her family (23:2–20; 24:67) and praised
The other wives of Abraham
Hagar—means “escape.” It seemed that was her
destiny (16:6–8; 21:10,14)
Became arrogant and despised her mistress
(16:4–5). Failed to remain humble and thankful in the grace of God (Deut
Did not rely on God but wept in despair (21:16)
God heard the weeping of the lad
(21:17; Mt 11:25–26; 18:1–4; 21:16)
Beer Lahai Roi (16:7–14; 24:62)
The nephew of Abrahm—Lot
Held no personal relationship with God because
his faith depended only on Abraham. When he departed from Abraham, he almost
lost his faith completely, but retained a little of a “righteous heart” (2 Pet
Pursued the glory and pleasures of the world—he
forgot the grace of his uncle and chose the most fertile land (13:1,2,11).
Would not depart from Sodom even when he was severely chastised by
God (14:11–12; 19:1–9; Heb 12:5–13).
Did not nourish the faith of his children and
let them marry sinful unbelievers (19:12–14; 2 Cor
About 10 people in his family bankrupted their
faith. 7 died and the 2 daughters who remained committed incest, a great sins
If Abrahm had not
prayed persistently with love, Lot would have
also perished (19:29; Amos 4:11)
The main reason Sodom
was destroyed by God—filled with sin of homosexuality and fornication (18:20;
19:5; 2 Pet 2:7–8; Rom 1:24–32)
In 1924, American archaeologists
discovered Babaca-Dra plain, a 5 mile stretch in the
southeast corner of the Dead Sea, and excavated evidence of pottery and flintstones to prove that the civilization ceased around
Near the southeast corner of the Dead
Sea, several miles long, under the mountain of Jebel Usdum
(Mt Sodom), salt, sulphur and much asphalt (lime pit)
(14:2,3,10; 19:24) comprised a thickness of 150 feet. The rocks on the mountain
had high contents of salt and tasted bitter. There were many salt pillars.
The Dead Sea
is the lowest places on earth. It is about 1,300 feet below sea level and the
mineral salt content reaches 25% to 35%.
According to Bible archaeologists,
God very possibly attacked the cities with a great earthquake and caused the
ground to open and a volcano eruption. Sulphur and natural gas gushed out
from underground which was kindled by God using fire and lightning from heaven
(1 Kg 18:38). Thus, the salt and burned, fell, and covered four cities
southeast of the Dead Sea—Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim (Deut 29:23).