29: Final Hours with the Disciples (Lk 22:1-46)
The Lord Jesus had completed His public
ministry. He now spent His remaining moments with His disciples. The hour of
darkness was soon approaching, and the Lord needed to prepare Himself and the
disciples for what must take place. The events of this chapter took place
during the crucial time of Passover, the feast of great significance in light
of the atonement that Jesus was about to accomplish.
“Then He said to them, ‘With fervent desire I
have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; for I say to you, I
will no longer eat of it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God’”
“…Father, if it is Your will, take this cup away
from Me; nevertheless not My will, but Yours, be done” (22:42).
Did You Know…?
Feast of Unleavened Bread…Passover (22:1):
“Passover” was used in two different ways: (1) a specific meal begun at
twilight on the 14th of Nisan (Lev 23:4-5), and (2) the week following the
Passover meal (Eze 45:21), otherwise known as the Feast of Unleavened Bread, a
week in which no leaven was allowed (Ex 12:15-20; 13:3-7). By NT times the two
names for the week-long festival were virtually interchangeable.
Captains (22:4): Jewish officers under the
Jerusalem religious establishment.
A man carrying a pitcher of water (22:10): It
was unusual for a man to carry a pitcher of water, since it was ordinarily
Benefactors (22:25): A title assumed by or voted
for rulers in Egypt, Syria and Rome as a display of honor, but frequently not
representing actual service rendered.
Drops of blood (22:44): Probably perspiration in
large drops like blood, or possibly hematidrosis, the actual mingling of blood
and sweat as in cases of extreme anguish, strain or sensitivity.
1. Why did the chief priests and
scribes seek to kill Jesus?
2. Why did they fear the people?
3. Why did Satan enter Judas?
What does it mean?
4. What lesson can we learn from
Judas’ downfall, considering that he was once a follower of the Lord?
5a. What does verse 7 say about
5b. Why is this fact significant?
6. From the preparation of the
Passover meal in this passage, what lesson can we learn in our service?
7. Which verses in this passage
record the institution of the Holy Communion (also known as the Lord’s Supper)?
8. According to the Lord Jesus,
why should we partake of the Holy Communion?
9. Why is the Holy Communion a
sacrament (i.e. how do we know that it has spiritual saving effect)?
10. Explain the phrase “the new
covenant in My blood.”
11. With what attitude do you you
partake of the Holy Communion?
12. How did Jesus resolve the
disciples’ dispute and correct their misconception?
13. In what ways can you be like
14a. What blessings did the Lord
Jesus give the disciples in 29-30? Why did the disciples receive these
14b. What did Jesus mean when He
said that He bestowed on the disciples a kingdom?
15. What can we learn in this
15c. Christ’s intercession?
16. Why at this moment must the
disciples start taking money bags and knapsacks and buying swords?
17. How did the disciples
misunderstand the Lord’s instructions?
18. What do you learn here about
18a. What to pray ?
18b. How to pray?
18c. God’s answer to prayer?
19. What kind of struggle was
Jesus going through? Have you ever experienced the same struggle?
20. How did Jesus’ prayer become
a crucial turning point for Him?
21. What were the disciples doing
while Jesus was praying earnestly? What happened to them later? What lesson can
you learn here?