5: Temptation and Beginning of Ministry (Mt
baptized by John, Jesus was brought by the Spirit to the desert to be tempted
by the devil. With the word of God, the Lord overcame the devil’s trickery.
Then, after hearing that John was put in prison, Jesus moved up north to the
regions around Galilee, where He called the
first disciples and began His public ministry.
“Then He said to them, ‘Follow
Me, and I will make you fishers of men’” (4:19).
Did You Know…?
The word “devil” (4:1) means
“slanderer”; and the name “Satan” means “adversary.”
Capernaum (4:13) is
one of the territories assigned to the tribes of Zebulun
and Naphtali. It is located at the northern end of
the Sea of Galilee.
Fishermen had more income than
average people in Galilee, so James and John
left behind a good job. 3/55
Synagogues (4:23): (Hellenistic
Gk. sunag-og-e, “gathering of people,” “a
congregation,” “a place of prayer,” Acts 16:13 NIV)… As only a small proportion of the people
could become proficient in the study of the law under the scribes, and as it
was desirable that all should have at least an elementary acquaintance
therewith, the custom grew up in postexilic times of reading the Scriptures in
the synagogue on the Sabbath day. 10/1229
Syria (4:24): The area north of Galilee and between Damascus
and the Mediterranean Sea. 8/1444
Decapolis (4:25): “ten cities”…A district containing ten cities in the NE
part of Galilee, near the Sea of Galilee. 10/295A league of free cities…characterized by high Greek
culture. All but one, Scythopolis (Beth Shan), were
east of the Sea of Galilee and the Jordan river. The league stretched from a point
northeast of the Sea of Galilee southward to Philadelphia
Why did Jesus have to be
What were Satan’s three
challenges to Jesus?
What are the common
characteristics of the temptations?
What traps was Satan laying down with each of his temptations?
Were the temptations similar to
any that came to Jesus later during the course of his earthly career? (Lk 4:13 reads, “Now when the devil had ended every
temptation, he departed from Him until an opportune time”)
Explain each of Jesus’ response
to Satan’s challenges.
What does Satan’s ability to
quote the Scriptures tell us about Satan and his work?
What was the difference between
Satan’s and Jesus’ use of the Scriptures? What can we learn from this about our
attitude to God’s word?
What does Jesus’ victory over
Satan’s temptations teach us about how to overcome temptations in our lives?
What message did Jesus preach?
What do the images of darkness
and light mean?
Could there be a significance
to the term “Galilee of the Gentiles” (4:15)?
1a. What does the term “fishers of men”
1b. How did the disciples later become fishers of men?
2. What does the
reaction of the disciples to Jesus’ calling teach us about our attitude towards
3. According to
this passage, how can we become fishers of men?
What threefold ministry did
Jesus carry out?