16: Rejection of the King (2) (Mt 12:1-21)
Despite the many miraculous work that Jesus had performed in Galilee, most people were
unrepentant. In this section, the Pharisees attempted to find grounds for accusing
Jesus. The opposition grew to such intensity that they began plotting for
“For the Son of Man is Lord
even of the Sabbath” (12:8).
Did You Know…?
Plucking heads of grain (12:1):
According to the Pharisees, plucking wheat from its stem is reaping, rubbing
the wheat heads between one’s palms is threshing, and blowing away the chaff is
(12:4): lit. ‘bread of the face’, i.e. bread set before
the face or presence of God (Ex. 25:30; 35:13; 39:36, etc.)… The showbread
consisted of twelve baked cakes, made of fine flour, each containing two-tenths
of an ephah… These were set in two rows, six to a row
(ma’areket, Lv. xxiv. 6). 7/1183
Priests profane the sabbath (12:5): By definition,
priestly duties are considered “work.” In this sense, the priests profaned the
Sabbath by doing work associated with the sacrifices on this day (cf. Numbers
1. Read the
following passages for some background information and briefly summarize each
1b. David: 1Sam
1c. Priests: Num
1d. Mercy: Hos 6:6 (cf Mt 9:13)
1a. How did the examples of David eating the showbread and the
priests in the temple answer the Pharisee’s accusation?
1b. What did Jesus mean by, “the Son of Man is Lord even of the
2. Point out the mistake in using this passage to
support the belief that the Lord did away with the Sabbath.
3. How was the question in verse 10 intended to be
4. What are the basic spiritual principles in this
paragraph that the Lord wanted to point out to His accusers?
5. If the Lord Jesus did not abolish the Sabbath,
what types of things can we do on the sabbath?
Base your answer on this passage.
6. How have we sometimes neglected mercy while we
7a. What do you think was the Pharisees’ motive for plotting
7b. What can we learn from this regarding our attitude toward
God and relationship with others?
8. What is your impression when reading the words
of Isaiah? Refer also to Isa 42:1-4 for the source of
9. In what ways did Jesus fulfill this Messianic
10. Compare the
Pharisees and the Lord Jesus in their attitude and actions. What do they teach
us about the right way of fighting for truth and justice?
11. Describe an
experience in which you were like a “bruised reed” and “smoking flax” but God
showed you His tender love.