24: Confessing Jesus as Christ (Mt 16:1-28)
Up to this
point, the Lord Jesus had been demonstrating His Messiahship
through His teachings and works. There had been different responses from the
people to Jesus’ ministry and various views as to who Jesus was. Peter’s
confession of Christ in this chapter is the pivotal point in the gospel. The
identity of Jesus was now fully revealed. From verse 21 on, the gospel moves
into the last phase of Jesus’ ministry. The Lord Jesus would face increasing
opposition and ultimately fulfill his mission through suffering, death, and
“Simon Peter answered and said,
"You are the Christ, the Son of the living God” (16:16).
Did You Know…?
Caesarea Philippi (16:13):
Caesarea Philippi was built by Herod Philip the tetrarch (cf. 2:20, 22), who
enlarged a small town on a plane 1150 feet above sea level at the base of Mount
Hermon, renaming it in honor of Caesar, “Philippi”
being added to distinguish it from the coastal city of the same name. It lies twenty-five miles north of Galilee…The
inhabitants were largely Gentile. 6/364
Bar-Jonah (16:17): Son of Jonah
1. Compare Jesus’
different attitudes and responses to the two groups of people in 1-12 and
explain the difference.
2a. What is the connection between 1-12 and 13-20?
2b. Between 13-20 and 21-28?
1a. What was the intention of the Pharisees and Sadducees in
seeking for a sign from Jesus?
1b. Do you ever
ask for something from God with a similar intention? What is wrong with such
2a. What are the signs of the times (3)?
2b. What is the sign of Jonah, and how is it a sign?
3. Why did the Lord call the people the “wicked
and adulterous” generation?
4. In view of 1-4, what were the teachings of the
Pharisees and Sadducees?
5. Why were the teachings of Pharisees and
6. How did the disciples’ ignorance show that they
were of little faith?
7a. What is the
difference between Jesus’ two questions (13,15)?
7b. Why was it
important for the disciples to know who Jesus was?
7c. Do you have
a personal knowledge of Jesus? Who is Jesus to you?
8. What does it mean that Jesus is “the Christ,
the Son of the living God”?
9a. Do the
Lord’s words in 18 mean that Peter would be the foundation of the church?
Explain your answer.
9b. What is “church”?
9c. What is the “gates of Hades”? Why shall it not prevail
against the church?
10. Explain “the
keys of the kingdom of heaven” and “the authority to bind and lose” in 19.
11. Why did the
Lord want the disciples to conceal His identity?
12. Why did
Jesus consider Peter’s words and actions the work of Satan?
13. Explain the
13b. Take up his
13c. Follow Me
13d. Saving and losing life. See also 26.
14. With these
teachings about discipleship in mind, what should you do about your personal
life to be a true disciple of Christ?
15. What event
was the Lord referring to in 28?