28: Ministry in Judea
(2) (Mt 20:1-34)
In His Judean
ministry, the Lord placed the weight of His teachings on who will enter into
God’s kingdom and on the consummation of God’s kingdom when He returns. He also
concentrated His last teachings and deeds on strengthening, correcting, and
building up the disciples so that they would be good and faithful servants
until He comes again. At this point, however, the disciples still had a false
notion of God’s kingdom. So in this passage, He once again taught them what it
is to be truly great in the kingdom of heaven.
whoever desires to become great among you, let him be your servant. And whoever
desires to be first among you, let him be your slave—just as the Son of Man did
not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many”
Did You Know…?
Denarius (20:9): The usual daily wage. A Roman soldier also received one denarius a day. 8/1467
Third hour = 9 AM, sixth hour =
12 noon, ninth hour = 3 PM, eleventh hour = 5 PM.
Jericho (20:29): A very ancient
city located five miles west of the Jordan and about 15 miles northeast of
Jerusalem. In Jesus’ time OT Jericho was largely abandoned, but a new city, south of the
old one, had been built by Herod the Great. 8/1513
1. According to the Lord’s own words, what is the
point of the parable?
2a. Who are the ones that are last but will be first?
2b. Who are first that will become last?
3. How is this parable contrary to common sense
4a. What does the paying of wages represent? Explain your
4b. What does this parable teach about the nature of salvation
and about God?
5. Does this parable contradict the teachings of
6. Compare this prediction with the first two
7. To whom was the prediction given? Why did He do
8a. Mk 10:35 tells us that James and John were the two disciples in question.
What was their mother’s and their expectation?
8b. Why did the Lord say to her, “you do not know what you ask”?
What was it that she did not know?
9. What does the other disciples’ great
10a. What is the “cup” or the “baptism” that the Lord referred
10b. How can we drink the Lord’s cup and be baptized with the
baptism he received?
11a. What does being servant or slave involve? What can we learn
from the Lord in this respect?
11b. In what ways can you be a servant of others?
12. What can we
learn from the two blind men?
very carefully what the Lord did and said. How was He a servant (see 28)?
13b. What can you learn from the Lord Jesus in this miracle?