29: Entry into Jerusalem (Mt 21:1-22)
As the Lord
Jesus went into Jerusalem,
he also entered the final week of His ministry. He came to the city on a donkey
in fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecy about the King of peace, and the
multitudes welcomed Him with shouts of praise. But this short-lived adoration
would soon be overshadowed by an ever-increasing animosity.
“Tell the daughter of Zion, ‘Behold, your King
is coming to you, Lowly, and sitting on a donkey, A
colt, the foal of a donkey’” (21:5).
Did You Know…?
Bethphage (21:1):…lay on the southeast slope of the Mount of Olives. 6/437The
name means “house of figs.” It is not mentioned in the OT, and in the NT only
in connection with the Triumphal Entry. 8/1469
Mount of Olives (21:1): Olivet,
or the Mount of Olives, is a small range of four summits, the highest being
2,723 feet, which overlooks Jerusalem and the TempleMount
from the east across the KidronValley
and the pool of Siloam. Jesus knew the Mount as a thickly wooded locality, rich
in the olives which occasioned its name. 7/907
Hosanna (21:9): …“Save (us), we
pray,” taken from Psalm 118:25. It came to be a note of praise as well as
petition. 12/68 The Hebrew expression meant: “Save us now!” It came
to function like the modern-day exclamations “God save the king!” or “Hail to
the chief!” 1/1452
Bethany (21:17): A village on
the eastern slope of the Mount of Olives, about two miles from Jerusalem and
the final station on the road from Jericho to Jerusalem. 8/1469
“Found nothing on it but leaves”
(21:19): Fig leaves appear about the same time as the fruit or a little
later…Thus the leaves normally point to every prospect of fruit, even if not
fully ripe. Sometimes, however, the green figs fall off and leave nothing but leaves.
1. List the many
different reactions of the various groups of people.
1. Record the things that show the people’s great
fervor and excitement over the coming of the Lord Jesus.
2. How was this event a great miracle?
3a. How is the image of riding on a donkey different from what
we might expect of a king?
3b. What does this tell us about the King we serve?
4. If one day God says to you about something you
own, “the Lord has need of them,” would you give him what he asks for
“immediately” (3)? What would it take on your part to do so?
5a. How many
different groups of people does Matthew record in this paragraph?
5b. What are the two sets of contrasts that we can observe and
what can we learn from these contrasts?
6a. How have the buyers and sellers turned the house of prayer
into a den of thieves?
6b. What does this teach us about true worship that pleases God?
7. What did the words of Jesus in 16 ironically
8a. What was the withering of the fig tree symbolic of, and what
was the warning behind this symbolic action? Relate your answer to the context
of the passage.
8b. In what ways could a worshiper of God become like fig trees
with only leaves but no figs?
9a. Does God grant every request we make if we believe and not doubt?
9b. What does faith involve?