31: Confrontation in the Temple (2) (Mt 22:15-46)
Jesus was speaking against them in His parables, the Pharisees plotted to trap
Him in His words. The Sadducees, who were also angered by Jesus’ parables,
joined the Pharisees in challenging Jesus. Through the debate on theological
issues, the Lord Jesus proved to be the supreme teacher who had perfect
knowledge of God. Then with a question about the scriptural reference to
Christ, Jesus decisively silenced the tempters.
“And when the multitudes heard
this, they were astonished at His teaching” (22:33).
Did You Know…?
Herodians (22:16): A party among the Jews of the apostolic age, and keenly
opposed to Jesus (Matt. 22:16; Mark 3:6; 12:13)…The party was probably formed
under Herod the Great and appears to have held that it was right to pay homage
to a sovereign who might be able to bring the friendship of Rome and other
advantages, but who had personally no title to reign by law and by religion. On
this question they differed from the Pharisees (Matt. 22:16-17), although they
joined forces with them in disguised opposition, or in open union against
Jesus, in whom they saw a common enemy. The Herodians
were obviously something more than a political party and something less than a
religious sect. 10/565
1. How did the Pharisees’ comment in 16 reflect
their hypocrisy? (18)
2a. What would have been the consequence had Jesus answered,
“Yes, it’s lawful to pay taxes to Caesar”?
2b. And had Jesus answered “No, don’t pay taxes to Caesar”?
3a. Explain the
answer Jesus gave.
3b. How did His answer correct the misconception that lay
underneath the question?
4. What are “the things that are God’s”?
5. What can we learn here about Christians’ social
obligations and the reasons for these obligations?
6. What point were the Sadducees trying to prove
by their question?
7a. According to
the Lord, how were the Sadducees ignorant of the Scriptures in their view of
7b. How were they ignorant of the power of God?
8a. How did the quotation in 32 show that God is not the God of
the dead, but of the living?
8b. How does this understanding apply to the resurrection?
9. How was the lawyer’s question
10a. What does it mean that “all the Law and the Prophets hang on
the two great commandments”?
10b. How is the second great commandment like the first (39)?
11. How did the
Pharisees’ inability to answer show their misunderstanding about the Christ?