The Genealogy of
From Abraham to
From David to
From exile to
3 stages of 14
The Birth of
conception and Joseph’s intention to divorce (18-19)
instruction and Joseph’s obedience (20-25)
Key Words and Phrases
Son of David,
son of Abraham, fulfill, virgin, Immanuel
1. The book of
Matthew begins the genealogy of Jesus with Abraham while Luke traces the
genealogy back to Adam. Matthew starts with Abraham to show and emphasize that
Jesus was the Son of Abraham, born according to promise.
the line of Solomon while Luke follows that of Nathan (Solomon and Nathan were
brothers). Some propose that Matthew’s genealogy records the ancestors of
Joseph while Luke’s records the ancestors of Mary.
2. Christ, the
son of David, the Son of Abraham.
anointed—designation for priests (Lev 4:3; 6:22), kings (1Sam 2:10; 16:13;
24:10; 2Sam 19:21; Lam 4:20); also designation for the coming Messiah (Mt
Son of David (Ps 89:29; 2Sam 7:16; Isa
Son of Abraham
(Gen 22:18, Gal 3:16).
3. Abraham to
David: Age of wandering, bondage, and anarchy.
David to the
exile: Age of the kingdom
Exile to the
Christ: Age of restoration, foreign rule, and silence (Intertestamental
4b. At least two
of the women were gentile and some of them had had illicit occupations or
relationships. But it is possible that Matthew chooses to include them to
demonstrate God’s mercy in His salvation plan. It is also God’s will to extend
His salvation to all people, regardless of their gender or race.
5. God is
faithful to His promises. He is the sovereign and loving Lord who carries out
His will throughout all generations. It also reminds us that God acts according
to His timetable, and at the proper time, God sent His Son to the world (Gal
6. He probably
addressed Joseph as the son of David to stress the kingly descent of Jesus.
7. Jesus was God
in the flesh. Since He was born as the Son of God, He could not come from human
descent because all human beings are under sin (Rom 5:12).
9. 1) Born of the
Holy Spirit through a virgin; 2) Fulfillment of prophecy
10a. “Jesus” is
the Greek form of the Hebrew name “Joshua,” which means “the Lord is
salvation.” His name indicated His mission to save God’s people from sin.
10b. The coming of Jesus to the world brought God’s salvation to
His people. God’s grace and deliverance had come to His people through Jesus.
12. He could have
put Mary to public disgrace to vent his outrage or jealousy, but, instead, he was
full of mercy and compassion.