of the Kingdom’s Citizens (5:1-12)
Expansion on the
last beatitude (11-12)
The Influence of
the Kingdom’s Citizens (5:13-16)
Salt of the
Light of the
righteousness, kingdom of heaven, salt, light, good
disciples (verses 1 and 2)
1b. Yes. See 7:28
and Lk 6:17
1. Those who
humbly acknowledge their spiritual inadequacy are true citizens of God’s
The contrite in
heart and the afflicted will find forgiveness and joy in God (Ps 119:136; Isa 40:1; Rev 7:17).
Those who deal
humbly and gently with others will receive God’s promises and enter the
heavenly inheritance (cf 11:29: 21:5; Jas 3:13).
Those who are eager
to know and do God’s will be satisfied when God’s kingdom is fully realized
The forgiving and
compassionate will receive God’s mercy (6:12-15; 18:33-34).
The upright in
heart will meet God face to face (Ps 24:3-6; Heb 12:14; 1Jn 3:1-3).
Those who bring
reconciliation to others and preach the good tiding of the gospel will be true
heirs to God’s kingdom.
Those who suffer
persecution, insult, and slander for doing what is right and for following
Christ are true citizens of God’s kingdom (1Pet 2:19-21).
2. The kingdom of
heaven begins here and now when our hearts conform to God’s will.
refers to being obedient to God’s will and imitating Christ. Notice that “for
my sake” in verse 11 parallels “for righteousness” sake in verse 10.
4. The blessings
in the beatitudes have to do with spiritual standing and rewards rather than
material riches or physical well being.
The condition for
blessing has more to do with our heart and attitude than with how hard we ask
God for blessings or how much possession we offer to God.
5. The salt is on
the ground. Its function is to season and preserve. Its areas of service seem
to be more mundane.
The light is on
the stand. Its function is to provide sight and directions. Its effect is more
far reaching and more prominent.
6. Just as the
salt seasons and preserves, we are to bring God’s goodness to the world and
preserve against moral decay in our environment (cf Col 4:6).
As the lamp gives
light to everyone around it, we are to manifest God’s truth and goodness to the
people around us and thus be a witness for God (1Pet 2:12).
7. Our true value
lies not in what we can accomplish for ourselves in the world. God calls us to
be Christians so that we may bring God’s qualities to the world. If we fail to
meet that expectation, we fail in our duty as Christians and our lives become