Parable of Two
Wedding Banquet (22:1-14)
the will of his father, kingdom of God, believe, son, vineyard, bearing fruits,
chief cornerstone, marriage, worthy, wedding garment, many called, few chosen.
1a. A vineyard and the wedding banquet for the king’s son.
1b. The son who did what the father commanded. Those who would render fruits to the landowner. Those who accepted the king’s invitation and dressed appropriately.
1a. Cleansing the
temple (12-13), healing the blind and the lame in the temple (14), and teaching
in the temple (23).
1b. They felt that Jesus posed a threat to their own authority.
2a. John was
Jesus’ forerunner. Anyone who believed that John was from God would have
believed that Jesus was the Messiah. Jesus did not need to answer their
question because their refusal of John showed that they would also refuse
Jesus, even though it was clear from what Jesus had done that His authority was
2b. Their problem was their stubborn refusal to accept the one
God has sent while trying to cover up their disbelief. They chose to reject God
but did not want to lose their position as religious leaders. Such dilemma made
them unable to answer Jesus’ counter-question. In effect, Jesus made them
answer their own question and at the same time pointed out their callousness.
3a. One promised
to go but didn’t. The other said no but went.
4. A better
translation would read, “tax collectors and harlots enter the kingdom of God—and
you do not.” 6/450Although the tax
collectors and harlots had once refused to obey God, now they were repentant
and humbly accepted Christ. The Pharisees and elders, on the other hand,
displayed their piety but disobeyed God’s will in their hearts and actions. Profession
with the mouth does not guarantee entrance into God’s kingdom (7:15-23).
5. Just as the
second son only paid lip service, the religious leaders only professed to know
God but did not believe those whom God had sent. Their lip service was for the
purpose of receiving men’s praise and honor. This is why they were afraid to
answer the Lord’s question in 24 and 25.
6b. Israel, or God’s chosen nation.
6c. The religious leaders whom God had appointed to teach and
care for His people.
6d. Prophets of
7. They had no
respect for or fear of the landowner. In the same way, the religious leaders’
rejection of God’s servants and of His Son showed that they did not honor God
in their hearts.
8. The people’s
answer justified God’s punishment and passed judgment on themselves.
9. By living a
life in keeping with our repentance and submission to God’s will (3:8,10).
10a. Jesus is the
stone. The world rejected Him, but God has set Him to be the chief cornerstone.
Whoever wants to be saved must put their trust in Him (Acts 4:11,12). It is God’s marvelous act to make use of what people
rejected to save those who believe (1Cor 1:18,23).
Whoever despises or rejects him does so to their own
10b. Their own
evil behavior (Jn 3:19,20).
Judging Jesus with human standards (Mt 13:54-57). Unwillingness
to deny oneself and take up the cross (19:22; 13:20-22).
11. They yielded
to their own stubbornness and to popular opinion rather than to God’s warning.
Their actions also showed their timid hypocrisy.
12a. The gospel of salvation is God’s gracious invitation to us.
He has prepared the best things for us in abundance. We should feel honored to
be God’s guest at His banquet.
12b. After those who were invited refused to come, the king still
patiently offered to them the abundance of his banquet as reason to come (4).
Without respecting the king’s command and invitation, they ignored him and even
killed the servants. Likewise, many repeatedly turn down the honor of coming
into God’s kingdom and even persecute those who preach the gospel.
13. Just as the
garment was a requirement for attending the banquet, God also has His righteous
requirements for those who wish to enter God’s kingdom. Those who seem to agree
to the gospel but do not perform God’s will in their lives are not worthy of
God’s kingdom (7:21). More specifically, the garment can represent baptism, the
sacrament through which we put on Christ (Gal 3:26,27).
Anyone who claims to believe in Christ but refuses to put on Christ through
baptism is not fit to enter God’s kingdom (Jn 3:5).
14a. The first invitation was to a selected group whereas the
second was inclusive of all people. The first group represented the Jewish
leaders and people who rejected Jesus, since they were first chosen. The second
group represented everyone who came to accept Christ, both Jews and Gentiles
regardless of their past conduct (“both bad and good”).
14b. Everyone whom the servants found were called. But only those
who accepted the invitation and dressed in wedding garment were chosen.
15. We should
honor and accept God’s gracious gift of salvation by setting aside our own
priorities and humbly obeying the gospel. We must receive the righteousness of
God through baptism and practice God’s will in our lives.