Descent and Announcement (28:1-8)
He is risen as
He said, fear, joy, rejoice, worshiped, authority, go, make disciples, all,
baptizing in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
teaching, I am with you.
1. Jerusalem and Galilee.
2a. We are justified by the resurrection of Jesus Christ (Rom
4:25). Without the resurrection of Christ, we would have no hope of salvation
(1Cor 15:17-19). But because Christ has resurrected, we know that God has
overcome and given us victory over sin and death (1Cor 15:57; Col 2:11-12).
2b. Knowing that
Christ has risen from the dead, we must live a new
life of righteousness (Rom 6:8-13). We should not live for ourselves but for
our Lord (2Cor 5:15) and work for Him with diligence, knowing that our labor is
not in vain (1Cor 15:58).
1. So that the
women and the other disciples may witness for themselves the empty tomb (6).
2. The women as
well as the disciples were in great sorrow and despair. Their mind was still on
the death of Christ even though He had already resurrected (Lk
24:5). But Jesus told them to rejoice because He had brought them hope and
3. They were
blind to the truth; their hearts were hardened. They were still worried about
their credibility to the people when they should have realized that they had
killed the Son of God.
4a. 1) The chief
priests and elders were so callous that they were willing to do whatever it
took to keep the truth from the people and thus preserve their authority. 2)
Without a substantial bribery, it would have been impossible to keep the
soldiers quiet because they had personally witnessed the great miracles.
5a. Their story would make them guilty of sleeping on duty.
5b. 1) Sleeping
on duty was something to be ashamed of. Why would the guards proclaim their
shame instead of hiding it, unless, of course, they had been bribed? 2) Had
they indeed been sleeping, how did they know that the disciples had stolen the
body? 3) How could the disciples roll away such a large stone up an incline
without waking up anyone? 4) If one of the guards had woke
up to see the disciples stealing the body, why didn’t he wake up the other
guards? 5) If the disciples had indeed stolen the
body, why didn’t anyone search for or find the body?
6. The word “all”
is emphasized: all authority, all nations, all things
that I have commanded you, all the time (always). Jesus, the King of kings, now
has complete authority over all creation. All of His commands are to be obeyed.
He lives forever and will be with the believers always until He comes again.
7. During Jesus’
ministry, Satan challenged his authority as the Son of God (4:3,6). But through His death on the cross, He triumphed over
2:15). Having been exalted to the highest, all authorities have become subject
to Him (Php 2:9-11). By Jesus authority, those who
believe in Him will not be condemned but have victory over sin and death (Rom
8:34; 1Cor 15:57). We as believers no longer live under the control of sin but
reign in life through Christ (Rom 5:17, 6:14).
8. Because Christ
has been exalted, we may believe in Him and become His disciple to have eternal
life. Because He has received authority, we may receive the forgiveness of sins
through baptism (Acts 2:32-39; Jn 20:21-23). Because
He is the Lord of all things, we must obey His commands. Because
He has risen and lives forever, He is able to promise continual abiding with us
9a. We need to preach the gospel of the kingdom as a witness to
all nations (24:14). As we proclaim the word of salvation, people may hear the
message and put their faith in Christ to be saved (Rom 10:13-15,17).
9b. A disciple is one who is baptized and observes all that
Christ has commanded. Baptism is for the forgiveness of sins and for putting on
Christ (Acts 2:38; 22:16; Gal 3:27). Obedience to Christ’s command shows our
faith in His words and our submission to His authority.
10. Through faith
and baptism in Christ, we are Abraham’s seed and heirs according to the promise
regardless of our race or social status (Gal 3:26-29). All who walk in
Abraham’s step of faith are blessed with the promise of forgiveness and
justification (Rom 4:16-25).
11a. Jesus (Jn 17:11). There is only one name, the name of Jesus, by
which we can be saved (Acts 4:12). Jesus is the Father (Isa
9:6), the Son, and the Holy Spirit (Gal 4:6). Knowing that the name was
referring to Jesus’ name, the apostles baptized in the name of Jesus (Acts
2:38; 8:16; 10:48; 19:5). The reason for the description of the name has to do
with the authority Jesus had received. He was not just a historical figure, but
the eternal God who was, who is, and who is to come (Rev 1:8). Just as He had
been with His chosen people in the past, He will be with the believers to the
end of the age.
11b. No. If it
were just a formula to be recited, the disciples would have recited the exact
words of Father, Son and Holy Spirit instead of baptizing in the name of the
Lord Jesus (see also the previous question). “In the name of” is more than
recitation, but also indicates the authority and power of the risen Christ (Php 2:10-11). It is in Jesus that we can have the
forgiveness of sins during baptism (Col
1:14). Because it is into Christ that we are baptized (Gal 3:27), the baptismal
candidate must believe the Lord Jesus as his Lord and Savior and determine to
live for Christ all his life.
continual presence gives us hope, comfort, and strength as we carry out the
mission of preaching the gospel and teaching the disciples. He does not leave
us alone to our tasks (Jn 14:18). Because He has
overcome the world and lives in us through the Holy Spirit, we have nothing to
fear (Jn 16:33). Just as the believers of the
apostolic age became witnesses to the world through the power of the Holy
Spirit, we will also be able accomplish the Lord’s great commission if we seek
the power from the Lord (Acts 1:8).