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Basic Bible Doctrines


I.       Introduction

"Follow the pattern of the sound words which you have heard from me, in faith and love which are in Christ Jesus; guard the truth that has been entrusted to you by the Holy Spirit who dwells in within us." (2 Tim 1:13- 14)

"All scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work." (2 Tim 3:16-17)

These are the words of exhortation and encouragement from Paul to young Timothy concerning the Holy Scriptures. It is important for a young Christian to seek the understanding of the scripture so that he may follow it in his daily life. Also through the diligent study of the doctrines in the Bible, he may prepare himself ready to serve God in every good work. We will spend two quarter to study the basic Bible doctrines. It is our hope that after all the lessons we may obtain the better understanding of what we have believed.

A.     Content

1.        Lesson One

The Essence of God.

2.        Lesson Two

The Almightiness of God.

3.        Lesson Three

The Attributes of God (1).

4.        Lesson Four

The Attributes of God (2).

5.        Lesson Five

The Incarnation of Jesus.

6.        Lesson Six

The Ministry of Jesus.

7.        Lesson Seven

The Death of Jesus.

8.        Lesson Eight

The Resurrection of Jesus and His Ascension.

9.        Lesson Nine

The work of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament.

10.     Lesson Ten

The Promised Holy Spirit (1).

11.     Lesson Eleven

The Promised Holy Spirit (2).

12.     Lesson Twelve

The Promised Holy Spirit (3).




To understand that God is spirit, He has no beginning and is eternal, He is the only one God.


Jn 4:21-24, Ex 3:13-22.


Jn 4:24

"God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth."

D.     LESSON:

1.        God Is Spirit

 a.      The Spirit is omnipresent.

(a)     God is called the Father of all spirits (Heb 12:9). Moses called Him God of the spirits of all flesh (Num 16:22, 27:16).

(b)     The Spirit of God is neither flesh, nor material. God is omnipresent (Ps 139:7, 8, Jer 23: 23, 24, Eph 1:23, 4:6).

 b.      The Spirit is invisible.

(a)     "Lo, he passes by me, and I see him not; he moves on, but I do not perceive him" (Job 9:11; 23:3, 9, 9).

(b)     "Whom no man has ever seen, or can see"(1 Tim 6:16, cf. Jn 1:18, Heb 11:27).

(c)     The beloved Son Jesus is the image of the invisible God (Col 1:15).

 c.      The Spirit is self-manifesting.

(a)     The Spirit is invisible. The Bible says that what man could see of God is only His manifestations (Ex 24:9, 10, 33:18-23, Gen 18:1-3).

(b)     God is Spirit, and man should worship Him in spirit and truth (Jn 4:24). Man must not make idols and worship them (Ex 20:4, 5,23, Ac 17:24-25).

2.        God is I AM THAT I AM

 a.      I AM --Self-existence.

(a)     All creatures have their origin, and the origin of all origins is God (Heb 2:10). He is the First Cause, a living Spirit that does not have origin (Ex 3:14).

(b)     God is that I AM THAT I AM, so He has no beginning of days (Heb 7:3). He is the First (Is 44:6, Rev 1:8).

 b.      Eternal-existence.

(a)     Eternal existence means no end of life (Heb 7:3). The Bible says, "God only has immortality" (1 Tim 6:16).

(b)     God is everlasting (Gen 21:33, Is 40:28), eternal (Deut 33:27), "the high and lofty one who inhabits eternity" Is 57:15), the uncorruptible God (Rom 1:23), whose years are through out all generations (Ps 102:24-28), and the Kg eternal, immortal, invisible ( 1 Tim 1:17).

(c)     He is eternal, so He can give the believers everlasting consolation (2 Th 2:16), eternal life (1 Tim 6:12), eternal glory (1 Cor 4:17, 5:1). All glory and praise be to God for ever (Rom 1:25, 11:36, Gal 1:5, Eph 3:21d).

3.        God Is The Only One God

 a.      The Bible reveals that God is the Only One.

(a)     The Lord God is one Lord (Deut 6:4, Mk 12:29).

(b)     There is one God (1 Tim 2:5, 1 Cor 8:6, Jas 2:19); God is one (Gal 3:20, Rom 3:30), the only true God (Jn 17:3), the only wise God (Jude 25). There is one Father which is in heaven (Mt 23:9, Mal 2:10).

 b.      There is no other god but the Lord.

(a)     The Ten Commandments show that we should not have other gods before the Lord God (Ex 20: 3, cf. Deut 5:7, Is 45:5).

(b)     God says, "I, even I, am he, and there is no god with me" (Deut 32:39, 1 Kg 8:60).


1.        Since God is spirit which is omnipresent, with what kind of attitude should we worship him?

2.        What does "the eternity of God" mean to a believer in term of his hope in God?




To understand the power of God and His mightiness so that one may have godliness toward Him.


Ps 139:1-16; 135:1-21.


Ps 135:6 

"Whatever the LORD pleases he does, in heaven and on earth, in the seas and all deeps."

D.     LESSON:

1.        God is Omniscient

The Bible reveals that God has the complete knowledge of all things. (1 Jn 3:20, Rom 16:27)

 a.      God knows man's ways (Ps 139:3).

(a)     Man's ways can not be hid from His face (Jer 16:17, Prov 15:3)

(b)     He saw that Achan stole the accursed things from the enemy. (Jos 7:10-12, 16-26)

(c)     He detected David's sin committed in secret. (2 Sam 12:12, cf. 11:2-21)

(d)     He remembered the good works of Cornelius. (Ac 10:1-4)

(e)     He cared for Jacob who was illtreated by Laban. (Gen 31:38-42, 23, 24)

 b.      God knows man's words (Ps 139:4).

(a)     He will rake the word that man speaks into account on the day of Judgment (Mt 12:36, 37).

(b)     He heard what the Kg of Syria spoke in the bedchamber about the secret plan (2 Kg 6:8-12).

(c)     We should bridle our tongue. (Jas 1:26, 3:2, Prov 10:19)

(d)     Words of guile, falsehood and judgment should be taken away from us (Rev 14:5, 1 Cor 6:10, Mt 7:1, Rom 2:1, 2).

 c.      God knows man's thoughts (Ps 139:2).

(a)     God searches all hearts, and understands all the imaginations of the thoughts (1Chr 28:9, Acts 15:8).

(b)     God knew that Sarah laughed within herself at the promise of giving birth to a son (Gen 18:10-15).

(c)     God knew the integrity of Abimelech's heart. (Gen 20:6)

(d)     It is a sin when one's heart runs away from righteousness. (1 Jn 3:15, Mt 5:28, Acts 8:21)

(e)     Keep your heart with all diligence, because God detects it. (Prov 4:23, 1 Sam 16:7)

 d.      God is omniscient.

(a)     He counts the number of the stars and calls them all by their names (Ps 147;4, Is 40:26).

(b)     All creatures are naked and opened to His sight. (Heb 4:13)

(c)     God declares the end from the beginning. (Is 46:9, 10)

(d)     His understanding is infinite and the depth and riches of the wisdom and knowledge of God are beyond our description. (Ps 147: 5, Rom 11:33)

(e)     God is great in counsel and mighty in work, for He is omniscient. (Jer 32:19, Rom 2:16)

2.        God Is Omnipotent

The Lord Jesus said, "with men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible" (Mt 19:26). "Is any thing too hard for the Lord?" (Gen 18:14, Jer 32:17, 27). God is the Almighty (Job 37:23, Rev 11:17).

 a.      In regard to the creatures.

(a)     In the past God created the worlds and all things. (Heb 11:3, Gen 1:1).

(b)     At present the heavens and the earth are sustained by God. (2 Pet 3:7, Ps 119:91)

(c)     God made the sun and the moon stand still in the valley of Ajalon for about a whole day (Jos 10:12-14).

(d)     God made full all the time the barrel of meal and cruse of oil which belonged to the widow of Zarephath (1 Kg 17:14-16).

(e)     God fed one hundred men with twenty loaves of barley. (2 Kg 4:42-44)

 b.      In regard to humanity.

(a)     God acts according to his will among the inhabitants of the earth (Dan 4:35).

(b)     God cleansed the leprosy of Naaman, captain of the host of Syria. (2 Kg 5:14)

(c)     God smote the army of Syria with blindness. (2 Kg 6:18-20)

(d)     God made Abraham beget a son at the age of one hundred. (Gen 21:25, 18:10-15)

(e)     God raised the dead. (1 Kg 17:17-23, 2 Kg 4:32-37)

(f)      God took up Enoch and Elijah without letting them pass through death (2 Kg 2:11, Gen 5:24).

 c.      In other aspects.

(a)     Angels are obedient and observant to God. (Ps 103:20)

(b)     God has power to bind Satan. (Rev 20:1-3)

3.        God Is Omnipresent

"Am I a God at hand, " says the Lord, "and not a God afar off?" (Jer 23:23, 24).

David said, "Whither shall I go from thy Spirit? or whither shall I flee from thy presence?" (Ps 139:7,8).

 a.      God is above all (Eph 4:6).

(a)     The Lord sets His throne in the heavens (Ps 103:19).

(b)     The Lord God says, "I dwell in the high and holy place." (Is 57:15, 66:1)

(c)     The Lord our God dwells on high, beholding the things that are in heaven, and in the earth (Ps 113:5, 6).

(d)     God dwells in the light which no man can approach. (1 Tim 6:16)

 b.      God is through all (Eph 4:6).

(a)     God is before you. (Is 52:12, Mic 2:13)

(b)     God is round about His people. (Ps 125:2)

(c)     God says, "I will dwell in them, and walk in them" (2 Cor 6:16)

(d)     God fills all in all. (Eph 1:23).

 c.      God is in all (Eph 4:6).

(a)     God says, "I will put my spirit within you." (Eze 36:27)

(b)     The Lord Jesus promised to abide with the disciples for ever. (Jn 14:15-17)

(c)     We know that he abides in us by the Spirit which He has given us (1 Jn 3:24, 4:13).


1.        What shall be our response to God's omniscience?

2.        What shall be our response to God's omnipotence?

3.        What shall be our response to God's omnipresence?




To understand the divine character of God so that we may pursue to be perfect as He is perfect.


Ps 89:14

“Righteousness and justice are the foundation of thy throne; steadfast love and faithfulness go before thee."

C.     LESSON:

1.        God Is Holy

 a.      Holiness is one of God's attributes,

(a)     "For I am the Lord your God; you shall therefore be holy; for I am holy" (Lev 11:44).

(b)     Joshua said, "For he is an holy God; he is a jealous God." (Jos 24:19)

(c)     "Extol the Lord our God, and worship at his footstool! Holy is He." (Ps 99:5)

(d)     "God is light, and in him is no darkness at all." (1 Jn 1:5)

(e)     The place whereon God appears is a holy place. (Ex 3:5, Josh 5:15)

 b.      God Wants His children to be sanctified.

(a)     God said, "You shall be to me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation" (Ex 19:6).

(b)     "For God has not called us for uncleanliness, but in holiness." (1Th 4:7)

(c)     "As He who called you is holy, so be holy yourselves in all your conducts" (1 Pet 1:15, 16).

(d)     "Keep your whole spirit and soul and body blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus" (1 Thes 5:23).

 c.      God discards sinners who will not repent.

(a)     Without holiness no man shall see the Lord. (Heb 12:1'4, cf. Mt 5:8, Ps 24:3, 4)

(b)     God does not hear the prayers of sinners. (Is 59:1.2)

(c)     God does not dwell in an unclean place. (cf. Deut 23: 9-14, Mt 21:12, 13)

(d)     God will not be with the congregation if one commits sin. (Jos 7:11, 12, 25)

(e)     The ungodly cannot stand in the Judgment, nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous (Ps 1:5).

2.        God Is Just.

 a.      The Scripture reveals that God is just.

(a)     God says that He is a just God. (Is 45:21, Jn 17:25)

(b)     Righteousness and justice are foundation of God's throne. (Ps 89:14, 97:2)

(c)     The Lord is righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works. (Ps 145:17, Rev 15:4)

 b.      God commands His children to be just.

(a)     God wants the chosen to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with God (Mic 6:8, Mt 23:23).

(b)     We should follow up righteousness, godliness, faith, and temperance (1 Tim 6:11, 2 Tim 2:22, Is 56:1).

(c)     God commands the judges to be just in judging. (Deut 1:16, 17, 16:18-20, Lev 19:15)

(d)     Never discriminate the poor from the rich. (Jas 2: 1-4)

(e)     Righteousness will deliver man from death. (Prov 10:2, 12:28)

 c.      The judgment of God is just.

(a)     God will judge the world righteously. (Ps 96:10, 98:9, 9:4,8)

(b)     God will by no means count the guilty as guiltless. (Ex 34:7)

(c)     God's judgments are right. (Ps 119:75)

(d)     God will render the righteous judgment to everyone according to his deeds (Rom 2:6, Rev 22:12, Gen 18:25).


1.        In which aspect should we pursue the holiness?

2.        What are the characteristics of a just person?




To understand the divine character of God so that we may pursue to be perfect as He is perfect.


Ps 103: 8

"The LORD is merciful and gracious, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love."

C.     LESSON:

1.        God Is Merciful

 a.      The Bible reveals that God is merciful

(a)     God is love. (1 Jn 4:8, 16)

(b)     God is full of compassion, graciousness, long-suffering, and plentiful in mercy and truth (Ps 86:15, Ex 34:6).

(c)     The Lord is gracious, and of great mercy. His tender mercies are over all his works (Ps 145:8,9).

(d)     God's mercy lasts for ever. (Ps 118:1-4, Jer 31:3)

 b.      The love of God is explicitly manifest to man.

(a)     God extends His loving care to His children.

(i)       The Lord feeds His people. (Ps 23:1,  Gen 48:15, Ex 16:1-4)

(ii)     God keeps His people as the pupil of His eye. (Deut 32:10)

(iii)    He delivered Jacob from the hand of Laban. (Gen 48:16, 31:24, 42)

(iv)   He delivered Israel from the Egyptians. (Ex 14:19,20)

(v)     The Lord shelters His people day in and day out. (Deut 33:12)

(vi)   In all the affliction of His people He was afflicted, in His love and in His pity He redeemed them (Is 63:9).

(b)     God chastises His children.

(i)       "For the Lord disciplines him whom he loves, and chastises every son whom he receives" (Heb 12:6).

(ii)     God grieved for the misery of Israel. (Judg 10:10-16)

(iii)    God does not willingly afflict nor grieve the children of men. (Lam 3:32,33, Job 37:23, Jer 29:11)

(iv)   The chastened will have the peaceful fruit of righteousness. (Heb 12:9-13, Deut 8:2-7)

(c)     God sacrificed His Only Begotten Son.

(i)       Greater love has no man than this, that a man lays down his love for his friends (Jn 15:13).

(ii)     God so loved the world that He gave us His only begotten Son. (Jn 3:16, Mt 20:28)

(iii)    That Christ died for us is the manifestation of God's Love. (Rom 5:8, Gal 2:20, Jn 3:16)

(d)     God forgives iniquities of man.

(i)       God will forgive all men's iniquities. (Ps 103:3,4, Mic 7:18-20)

(ii)     God set forth Jesus Christ to be an expiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins (Rom 3:21-26).

(iii)    God blesses us with all spiritual blessings in Christ. (Eph 1:3, 1 Pet 1:3,4)

(e)     God's love is boundless.

(i)       Like a hen gathering her chickens under her wings. (Mt 23:37)

(ii)     Like a shepherd tending his sheep. (Ps 23:1-6, Jn 10:11, Is 40:11)

(iii)    Like a father pitying his children. (Ps 27:10)

(iv)   The love of God is beyond our knowledge. (Eph 3:18,19)

2.        God Is Truthful

 a.      The Bible reveals that God is God of truth. 

(a)     God is God of truth and without iniquity. (Deut 32:4)

(b)     God is faithful. (1 Cor 1:9, 10:13)

(c)     All God's works are done in truth. (Ps 33:4)

(d)     God keeps truth for ever. (Ps 146:6, 117:2)

 b.      God's word is truthful.

(a)     God cannot lie. (Tit 1:2, Heb 6:18)

(b)     God does not alter the thing that has gone out of His lips. (Ps 89:34)

(c)     The judgments of God are true and righteous. (Ps 19:9, 119:142, 151, 160)

(d)     The words of the Lord are pure words like silver in a furnace that has been purified seven times (Ps 12:6, 119: 140).

 c.      God keeps His covenant.

(a)      God keeps covenant and mercy with those who love Him and keep his commandments to a thousand generations (Deut 7:9).

(b)     God delivered Israel out of Egypt to fulfill the Abrahamic covenant ((Ex 2:24, 25, Lev 26:42).

(c)     The covenant that the seed of David would become the highest king is fulfilled in Jesus Christ who is the son of David in genealogy (Ps 89:27-37, Heb 1:8, Mt 1:1, Gal 3:15,16).

(d)     For all the promises of God are positive. (2 Cor 1:20)

(e)     So let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering. (Heb 10:23, 1 Cor 10:23, 2 Thes 3:3)

 d.      God is reliable.

(a)     God is faithful who will make a way for you to escape when you are tempted (1 Cor 10:23, 2 Thes 3:3).

(b)     God in faithfulness afflicts and tries man. (Ps 119:75)

(c)     Cast all your care upon God. (1 Pet 5:7, Ps 55:22, 37:5)

(d)     Those who believe in God shall not be ashamed. (Rom 9:33, Prov 30:5)


1.        What shall be our response to God's love?

2.        What are the characteristics of a truthful Christian?




To study the birth of Jesus so we may understand that he is Christ, the son of God.


Lk 1:26-38, 2:1-40; Mt 1:18-2:23


Mt 1:21

"She will bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins."

D.     LESSON:

"Jesus" (Greek), named by God (Lk 1:31), is "Joshua" in Hebrew, and both mean the Saviour (cf. Mt 1:21).  "Christ", in Hebrew "messiah", means the Anointed One.

1.        The Prophecy concerning the Incarnation of Jesus Christ

 a.      Christ is born by a virgin (Is 7:14); He is the "Seed of the Woman" (Gen 3:15).

(a)     Fulfilled: Virgin Mary had the divine conception by the Holy Spirit and gave birth to Jesus Christ the Saviour (Mt 1:18-25).

 b.      Christ comes from the direct line of David. (Jer 23:5, Is 11:1, Mt 22:41,42)

(a)     Fulfilled: In His genealogy Jesus Christ was the seed of David. (Mt 1:1,20, cf. Mt 15:22, 9:27)

 c.      Christ would be born in Bethlehem. (Mic 5:2, Mt 2:4-6)

(a)     Fulfilled: God made Mary return from Nazareth in Galilee to Bethlehem for the registration edicted by Caesar Augustus, because they were of the lineage of David (Lk 2:1-7).

2.        God's Instruction in the Time of Jesus' Birth

 a.      God sent an angel to instruct Mary, "you will conceive in your womb, and bear a son, and you shall call his name JESUS." (Lk 1:31, 26-38).

 b.      The angel of the Lord told Joseph, "Do not fear to take Mary as your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit." (Mt 1:20, 18-25)

 c.      On the Eve of Jesus' birth, the angel of the Lord appeared to the shepherds, giving this great tiding "For to you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, who is Christ the Lord." (Lk 2:8-20)

3.        After Jesus' Birth

 a.      Prophet Simeon and prophetess Anna announced to all in the Temple that Jesus was the expected Saviour, the consolation of Israel. (Lk 2:22-39)

 b.      The Magi came to worship the Lord from the east on seeing the star. (Mt 2:1-12)

 c.      By the instruction of God the infant Jesus, Joseph and Mary escaped from Herod's persecution to Egypt, and after the death of Herod, they returned to Nazareth where Jesus grew up. (Mt 2:3,13-23)


1.        What is the difference between the birth of Jesus and that of the ordinary people?

2.        Why do we not celebrate Christmas?

VII.           LESSON SIX:



To study the ministry of Jesus, i.e. to preach the gospel and to help the people, so we may follow his steps to fulfill the calling from God for us.


Mt 4:23 "And he (Jesus) went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and preaching the gospel of the kingdom and healing every disease and every infirmity among the people."

C.     LESSON:

1.        He Proclaimed the Gospel of the Kingdom of Heaven (Mt 4:23. 9:35)

 a.      Jesus began his ministry at about thirty years of age. (Lk 2:23)

 b.      The message he proclaimed is "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand" (Mt 4:17, Mk 1:14,15). Because he proclaimed the good tiding of the heavenly kingdom, his message is thus called "the Gospel". He was sent to the world for this good message of salvation (Lk 4:43).

 c.      The Lord Jesus has revealed the existence of the heavenly kingdom and He has taught how to enter it:

(a)     The existence of the kingdom of heaven. He said, "In my Father's house are many mansions." (Jn 14:1-3, cf. Mt 25:34)

(b)     The glory of the heavenly kingdom: It is far better to be with Christ in heaven (Php 1:23). The inheritance in heaven is "imperishable, undefiled and unfading" (1 Pet 1:4). It is a kingdom that moves not (Heb 12:28), and an enduring substance (Heb 10:34) in which there shall be no more tears, death, sorrow, pain (Rev 21:4).

 d.      The way to the Kingdom of God.

The Lord Jesus said, "I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but by me" (Jn 14:6); "Unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the Kingdom of God" (Jn 3:5).

 e.      The law of the kingdom of God.

The Lord Jesus said, "A new commandment I give you, that you love one another" (Jn 13:34). He summarized the law of God into loving God to the uttermost and loving your neighbors as yourself (Mt 22:36-40). If in Christ one loves other men, he loves God. So, if one can love brethren with the love of the Lord, he fulfills the law of the kingdom of God.

 f.       The reward of the kingdom of God.

The Lord Jesus said, "And everyone who has left houses, or brothers, or sisters, or father, or mother, or children, or lands, for my name's sake, will receive a hundredfold, and inherit eternal life" (Mt 19:29). From this statement we know that it is exceedingly valuable for one to work for the ministry of the kingdom of God (cf. Mt 26:19-23).

2.        Jesus Christ Performed Various Miracles. Skins. and Wonders

Jesus performed many miracles and healings in order to relieve people from pain and sorrow, and solve their problems. These signs, wonders and miracles testified that He is the Saviour, leading many people to believe Him (cf. Jn 15:24, 11:41,42, 45, 3:1,2).

 a.      17 bodily cures

(a)     Nobleman's son healed (Jn 4:46-54), Capernaum.

(b)     Infirm man healed (Jn 5:1-9), Jerusalem.

(c)     Peter's mother-in-law (Mt 8:14-17, Mk 1:29-31, Lk 4:38,39).

(d)     A leper (Mt 8:2-4, Mk 1:10-45, Lk 5:12-15).

(e)     A paralytic (Mt 9:2-8, Mk 2:3-12, Lk 5:17-26).

(f)      Man with withered hand (Mt 12:9-14, Mk 3:1-6, Lk 6:6-11).

(g)     Centurion's servant (Mt 8:5-13, Lk 7:1-10).

(h)     Two blind men (Mt 9:27-31).

(i)       Deaf and dumb man healed (Mk 7:31-37).

(j)       Blind man at Bethsaida (Mk 8:22-26).

(k)     Blind man in Jerusalem (Jn 9).

(l)       Woman with 18-year infirmity (Lk 13:10-17).

(m)    Woman with Hemorrhage (Mt 9:20-22, Mk 5:25-34, Lk 8:43-48).

(n)     Man with dropsy (lk 14:1-6).

(o)     Ten lepers (lk 17:11-19).

(p)     Blind Bartmaeus (Mt 20:29-34, Mk 10:46-52, Lk 18:35-43).

(q)     Malchus' ear (Lk 22:50-51).

 b.      6 cures of demoniacs

(a)     A demoniac in the synagogue, Capernaum. (Mk 1:21-28, Lk 4:31-37)

(b)     A blind and dumb demoniac. (Mt 12:22, Lk 11:14)

(c)     Gerasene demoniacs. (Mt 8:28-34, Mk 5:1-20, Lk 8:26-39)

(d)     A dumb demoniac. (Mt 9:32-34)

(e)     The Syro-phoenician's daughter. (Mt 15:21-28, Mk 7:24-30)

(f)      The epileptic boy. (Mt 17:14-21, Mk 9:14-29, Lk 9:37-43)

 c.      3 raised from the dead,

(a)     Jairus' daughter. (Mt 9:18-26, Mk 5:22-43, Lk 8:41-56)

(b)     Widow's son, at Nain. (Lk 7:11-15)

(c)     Lazarus, at Bethany. (Jn 11:1-44)

 d.      9 miracles over the nature

(a)     Water turned to wine, Cana. (Jn 2:1-11)

(b)     Draught of fishes, near Capernaum. (Lk 5:1-11)

(c)     Another draught of fishes. (Jn 21:6)

(d)     Tempest stilled. (Mt 8:23-27, Mk 5:35-41, Lk 8:22-25)

(e)     5000 fed with 5 loaves of bread and 2 fishes. (Mt 14:13-21, Mk 6:34-44, Lk 9:11-17, Jn 16:1-14)

(f)      Jesus walked on the water. (Mt 14:22-33, Mk 6:45-52, Jn 6:19)

(g)     4000 fed. (Mt 15:32-39, Mk 8:1-9)

(h)     Tax money taken from the mouth of a fish. (Mt 17:24-27)

(i)       Fig tree withered. (Mt 21:18-22, Mk 11:12-14, 20-26)


1.        "Go therefore and make disciples of all nations" (mt 28:19 ff).This is the great mission which Jesus gave to his disciples. What does it mean to us today?

2.        "Truly, truly, I say to you, he who believes in me will also do the works that I do; and greater works than these will he do, because I will go to the Father" (Jn 14:12). What does this promise mean to us today?




To study the death of Jesus so we may understand that he is the paschal Iamb sacrificed for the redemption of our sins.


Mt 27; Mk 15; Lk 23; Jn 19.


Rom 5:8

"But God shows his love for us in that while we were yet sinners Christ died for us."

D.     LESSON:

1.        The Prophecies and the typology concerning Jesus' death

 a.      In Prophecies.

(a)     He was to be betrayed for thirty pieces of silver. (Zech 11:12, 13. Fulfilled in Mt 26:14-16, 27:3-10)

(b)     The vicarious sufferings prophesized by Isaiah. (Is 53:1-12. Fulfilled in Mt 27:12-14)

(c)     He would be numbered with the transgressors. (Is 53:12. Fulfilled in Lk 23:33)

(d)     Sufferings on the cross prophesized by David. (Ps 22:13-18. Fulfilled in Jn 19:17-24)

2.        The Lord Jesus predicted his own death

 a.      Jesus foretold his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day. (Mt 16:21, cf. Mt 17:22,23)

 b.      "Even the Son of man came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many." (Mt 20:28)

3.        The typology of Jesus' death in the Old Testament.

 a.      Coats of skin. (Gen 3:21)

 b.      Abel's lamb.          (Gen 4:4 )

 c.      Offering of Isaac. (Gen 22 )

 d.      Passover Lamb. (Ex 12 )

 e.      The Levitical sacrificial system. (Lev 1:1- 7:16)

 f.       The Brazen serpent. (Num 21, Jn 3:14, 15)

 g.      The Slain Lamb. (Is 53:6,7, Jn 1:29)

Jesus is the Lamb of God that takes away the sin of the world (Jn 1:29). Therefore, we must be baptized in his precious blood to have the eternal condemnation taken away.

4.        The Purpose of the Death of Jesus Christ

 a.      For the remission of the sins of the world.

The Lord died not for his own sins (Jn 19:6), but to bear the sins of many (Rom 8:3, Mt 20:28, Heb 9:28, 1 Cor 15:3).

 b.      For the fulfillment of the law.

According to the law all things are purged by the blood; and without the shedding of blood there is no remission of sin; if the Lord did not shed his blood on the Cross, the sins of the world could not be cleansed. (Heb 9:22, Lev 17:11).  That Jesus died on Calvary is to fulfill the law of God. (Mt 5:17, Heb 10:1-10)

 c.      The results of the death of Jesus Christ

(a)     General effects.,

(i)       Providing an attraction to lead men to the Father. (Jn 12:32, 33)

(ii)     Providing an expiation for the sins of the whole world. (1 Jn 2:2, Rom 3:25)

(b)     In relation to the believers.

(i)       Redemption from the curse of the law. (Gal 3:13, Rom 7:1-6)

(ii)     Forgiveness of sin. (Heb 9:13, 14, 10:10, Eph 1:7)

(iii)    Liberation from the power of death. (Heb 2:14, 15, Lk 1:74, 75)

(iv)   Reconciliation with God. (Eph 2:13, Rom 5:10)

(v)     Justification. (Rom 5:9, 2 Cor 5:21)

(vi)   Admission to the heavenly kingdom. (Col 1: 13, 14, Eph 2:19)

(c)     In regard to Satan.

(i)       Nullify and destroy the Devil. (Heb 2:14, 1 Cor 15:55-57)

(ii)     Dethrone the Devil. (Jn 12:31, 32)

(iii)    Annul principalities and powers, and triumph over them. (Col 2:14, 15)


1.        What is the essence of Jesus' love?

2.        How should a Christian respond to Jesus' death?




To study the resurrection and the ascension of Jesus so we may realize the true hope of a Christian.


Mt 28:1-20, Mk 16:1-20, Lk 24:1-53, Jn 20-21.


1 Cor 15:14

"If Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is in vain, and your faith is in vain."

D.     LESSON:


 a.      The prophecies and typology of resurrection

(a)     In the Old Testament.

"For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption."  (Ps 16:10, cf. Ac 2:31)

(b)     The Lord foretold it.

The Lord predicted to the disciples several times about His death and resurrection. (Mt 16:21, 17:23, 20:19, 26:32)

(c)     The Type in Jonah.

Jonah was in the belly of a great fish for three days and three nights, and after that he was vomited out of the belly of the fish. It typifies the death, burial, and the resurrection of the Lord Jesus.  (Jn 1:17, Mt 12:40)

 b.      The Testimony of the Resurrection

(a)     The testimony of Mary Magdalene. (Mt 28:1-10, Jn. 20:1,2)

(b)     The testimony of Simon. Peter. (Jn 20:3-8, Ac 2:24-32)

(c)     The testimony of the Angel. (Mt 28:5,7, Lk 24:5-8)

(d)     The testimony of the soldiers guarding the tomb. (Mt 28:4, 11-15, cf. Mt 27:62-66)

(e)     The testimony of Paul. (2 Tim 2:8, I Cor 16:3-8, cf. Ac 9:3-8)

 c.      The Results of the Resurrection

(a)     It was a declaration of His being the Son of God. (Rom 1:4)

(b)     It was the demonstration of His victory over Death and the Devil, and an illustration of eternal life. (1 Cor 15:54, 55, 2 Tim 1:10, 1 Cor 15:22)

(c)     It gives the evidence of the coming Great Judgment. (Ac 17d:31, cf. Jn 5:22, 27-29)

(d)     It gives the precursory evidence of our resurrection. (1 Cor 15:13, 14, 1 Pet 1:3,4, 1 Thes 4:14)


 a.      Facts of the Ascension.

(a)     When the Lord Jesus raised His hands to bless the disciples, he ascended (Lk 24:50, 51).

(b)     When the disciples were looking up towards heaven, two angels appeared to affirm that Jesus had gone into heaven. (Ac 1:9-11)

(c)     Jesus has gone into heaven; the angels and authorities and powers are subjected to him.

(d)     (1 Pet 3:22, Heb 4:14)

 b.      The Results of the Ascension

(a)     Let man understand the mighty power of God. (Eph 1d:18-21)

(b)     All power in heaven and on earth is given to the Lord Jesus.(Mt 28:18, Php 2:9, 10)

(c)     God gave the promised Holy Spirit after the Ascension. The Holy Spirit came on the day of Pentecost for the first time.(Ac 2:33, Jn 7:39, 16:7, Ac 1:5, Jn 14:16,17)


1.        What is the significance of Jesus' resurrection in our salvation?

2.        What is the relation between Jesus' ascension and the coming of the promised Holy Spirit? Why?




To study the works of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament so we may distinguish the general function of God's Spirit from the salvational function of the promised Holy Spirit in the New Testament.


Gen 1:2

"The earth was without form and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the Spirit of God was moving over the face of the waters."

C.     LESSON:

1.        Creation

 a.      In the Creation the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. (Gen 1:2)

 b.      "Thou sendeth forth they spirit, and they are created." (Ps 104:30)

 c.      "By his spirit the heavens were made fair." (Job 26:13)

 d.      "The Spirit of God has made me, and the breath of the Almighty gives me life." (Job 33:4)

2.        Giving Man the Power

 a.      He made Joseph the ability to rule. (Gen 41:38-41)

 b.      He gave Joshua the ability of leadership. (Num 27:18-20, Deut 34:9, cf. Jos 4:14)

 c.      He enabled the seventy elders to rule over Israel. (Num 11:16, 17)

 d.      He gave crafts and cunning workmanship to Bezaleel and others. (Ex 31:2-6, 35:30,31)

 e.      He gave Samson gigantic strength. (Judg 14:6, 19, 15:14, 16:28-30)

 f.       He gave Daniel the ability to interpret the dreams. (Dan 4d:8,9, 10, 5:14, cf. Dan 1:17-20)

3.        Instructing, Warning and Prophecying by Means of the Prophets (Neh 9:30, Heb 1:1, Zech 7:12, 2 Pet 1:21)

 a.      The Spirit of the Lord made David speak for Him. (1 Sam 16:13, 2 Sam 23:2, 1 Ch 28:12)

 b.      He made Azariah exhort King Asa. (2 Ch 15: 1-7)

 c.      He made Jahaziel foretell the victory of Judah to King Jehoshaphat. (2 Ch 20:14-17)

 d.      He moved Zechariah to warn Joash. (2 Ch)


1.     What is God's purpose for sending His Spirit to a person at the Old Testament period? Was it related to a person's spirituality or his salvation?




To study the prophecies concerning the promised Holy Spirit so one may realize the importance of the Holy Spirit in God's salvation plan.


Jn 14:16

"And I will pray the Father, and he will give you another counselor, to be with you forever."

C.     LESSON:

1.        The Promises of Giving the Holy Spirit

 a.      In the Old Testament.

(a)     God would pour His Spirit upon the descendants of Israel. (Is 44:3, 32:15)

(b)     God would pour His Spirit upon all ,the flesh. (Joel 2:28, 29, cf. Eze 11:4, 20, 36:26-27)

 b.      Jesus Christ's Promise

(a)     Those who believe in Him would have the flow of living water from their innermost being. (Jn 7:37-39)

(b)     Jesus would ask the Heavenly Father to give the Comforter (Counselor) to the disciples. (Jn 14:16d-18)

(c)     Before His Ascension Jesus promised to enpower the disciples with the Holy Spirit from the heavenly Father. (Luke 24:49)

(i)       "But before many days you will receive the baptism of the Holy Spirit" (Ac 1:4,5,8).

2.        The Promises Fulfilled

 a.      The Holy Spirit was not given while Jesus Christ was still in this world (Jn 7:37-39).

 b.      At Jesus' Ascension the Holy Spirit has yet to come. (Ac 1:4-5, 12-14)

 c.      The Holy Spirit came for the first time in history on the day of the Pentecost (Ac 2:1-4, 16-18, 3)

 d.      In the Apostles' times, those who believed in Jesus and prayed for the Holy Spirit received the baptism of the Holy Spirit.(Cf. Luke 11:13)

(a)     The Samaritan believers. (Ac 8:14-20)

(b)     The households of Cornelius. (Ac 10:44-46, 11:15-17)

(c)     The believers at Ephesus. (Ac 19:1-7)

3.        The Holy Spirit Ceased to Come,

The Prophecies concerning how the Early Church came to degeneration and the Holy Spirit was discontinued:

 a.      The spring rain would stop on account of the evils done by Israel. (Jer 3:2,3)

 b.      Wild grapes abounded in the vineyard of God, so God commanded the cloud not to give rain. (Is 5:3-7)

 c.      God refrained from giving rain to the wicked age of King Ahab and his people. This event typifies how God would not give the Holy Spirit to an apostate church. (1 King 16:29-17:7)

 d.      History reveals that toward the end of the Apostolic era the Church was declining spiritually. The Holy Spirit completely severed Himself from the churches around the third century. (cf Rev 2, 3; Gal 1:6-9, and Church History)

4.        Prophecies and Fulfillment of the "Latter Rain"

"Rain" symbolizes the Holy Spirit. The two periods of rain in Palestine represent how the Holy Spirit would be given in two historical periods. The Holy Spirit in the Early Church is called "the early (autumn) rain" whereas the Holy Spirit given in the end-time is "the latter (spring) rain." (Jer 6:24, Dt 11:14)

 a.      Prophecies and Promises

(a)     God would give the autumn and spring rain like in the former days (Joel 2:23).

(b)     God would give the timely rain: the autumn and spring rain. (Jer 5:24)

(c)     Peasants would harvest the precious crops if they wait patiently for the autumn and spring rains. (Jas 5:7)

 b.      Fulfillment of the Prophecies

(a)     After a drought which lasted for three and half years, rain resumed in the time of Elijah. This event typifies how the Holy Spirit would come again. (I Kings 18)

(b)     According to His promises and prophecies the "latter rain" Holy Spirit has already come in the end-time. Those who believed the name and salvation of Jesus Christ and asked for the Holy Spirit will receive the Spirit baptism. By these who are filled with the Holy Spirit, God is reviving and expanding His Church to the likeness of the Early Church (Is 58:12, Amos 9:s11, Zech 10:1). This Church in the end-time is the True Church, the body of Christ.

(c)     The splendor and glory of the True Church in the end-time will be greater than those of the former Temple.(Hag 2:9, Eze 47:1-7)

(d)     The Church which comes from the east is sealed with the Holy Spirit and will spread the true Gospel throughout the world. (Rev 7:2-4, 14:1-5, Mat 24:14)


1.        Why did the Holy Spirit cease to come at the end of Apostolic Era? What can we learn from this event?

2.        It is the fulfillment of the scripture that the Holy Spirit will be poured down at the end time. We have received this promised Holy Spirit today. What shall be our understanding and attitude toward this event?




To study the relationship of the promised Holy Spirit to our salvation and how will the Holy Spirit help us in a Christian life.


Jn 3:5

"Jesus answered, 'Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God."

C.     LESSON:

1.        A. The Relationship of Receiving the Holy Spirit to Salvation

 a.      To enter the kingdom of God one must be reborn from the Holy Spirit (Jn 3:5, Tit 3:5).

 b.      The Holy Spirit gives us eternal life. (Rev 22:17, Jn 4:14, Eze 37:14)

 c.      One does not belong to Christ if he has not received the Holy Spirit. (Rom 8:9)

 d.      The Holy Spirit confirms that we are the children of God. (Rom 8:15, 16, Gal 4:6,7)

 e.      The Holy Spirit is the guarantee of the heavenly kingdom. (Eph 1:13, 14, II Cor 1:20-22)

2.        B. The Works of the Holy Spirit in a Christian's Life

 a.      He inspires a person to know the Lord Jesus. (I Cor 12:3, Ac 16:14, Mat 16:16,17)

 b.      He convicts a person of sins. (Jn 16:7,8, Ac 2:37)

 c.      He reveals the truth. (Jn 16:12, 13, I Cor 2:11)

 d.      He prays for the saints. (Rom 8:25, 27, I Cor 14:2, 14-15)

 e.      He gives strength and power. (Acts 1:8, Lk 24:49, Ac 13:9-12)

 f.       He helps a person bear the spiritual fruit. (Gal 5:22, 23, Rev 22:1,2)

 g.      He sanctifies the believers. (Rom 15:16, II Thes 2:13)

 h.      He grants various spiritual gifts. (I Cor 12:4-11)

 i.        He governs the Church. (Ac 8:8, 29-35, 10:19-22, 13:2-4)

 j.        He unifies the saints. (Eph 4:2-6, Ac 2:44-46)


1.        Distinguish the static function of the Holy Spirit concerning our salvation from its active role in a Christian's daily spiritual growth.




To study the experience of the baptism of the Holy Spirit and the function of tongue speaking.


Act 2:4

"And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance."

C.     LESSON:

1.        The Baptism of the Holy Spirit

 a.      The downpouring of the Holy Spirit is both visible and audible. (Acts 2:33)

(a)     To believe in the Lord Jesus and to receive the Holy Spirit are two separate occasions. (Acts 19:1-7)

(b)     To be baptized and to receive the Holy Spirit are two separate occasions. (Acts 8:15, 16)

(c)     A good, charitable person does not necessarily have the Holy Spirit. Example: Cornelius (Acts 10:2, 22, 44)

(d)     Being zealous does not necessarily mean one has received the Holy Spirit. Example: Peter (Mat 19:27, Acts 1:45)

 b.      The baptism of the spirit is evidenced by speaking in tongues and in audible voice.

(a)     The apostles experienced the receiving of the Holy Spirit in spiritual tongues. (Acts 2:1-4)

(b)     Cornelius and his soldiers and households experienced the Spiritual baptism. (Acts 10:44-46, 11:15-18)

(c)     The brethren at Ephesus received the same spiritual manifestation. (Acts 19:6,7)

(d)     The members of the True Jesus Church have received the Holy Spirit and manifested speaking in tongues. (cf. Mk 16:17 the spiritual experience in testimonies.)

 c.      People can see that those who have received the Holy Spirit will have bodily vibration during prayer.

(a)     Sometimes people would mock the receiving of the Holy Spirit as drunkenness. (Acts 2:13)

(b)     Sometimes people would ridicule the manifestation or receiving the Holy Spirit as madness. (I Cor 14:33)

(c)     When the believers are filled with the Holy Spirit at prayers, the place where they gathered would also shake. (Acts 4:31)

2.        What is "Speaking in Tongues"?

 a.      The spiritual tongues are the utterance given by the Holy Spirit. It is called "glossa"--the vibration of tongues moved by the Holy Spirit. (Acts 2:4, 19:6)

 b.      The tongues are either words or monotones under the direction of the Holy Spirit.

 c.      The Spiritual tongues are directed toward God and are not comprehensible to people. (I Cor 14:2, 14,16)

 d.      The spiritual tongues are not of any earthly languages. (I Cor 14:10,11,13)

 e.      The Holy Spirit intercedes for the believers through the spiritual tongues. (Rom 8:26, 27, I Cor 14:15)

 f.       Speaking in tongues edifies the believers. (I Cor 14:4)

 g.      The spiritual tongues are meaningful; in time of necessity, God will inspire one to interpret them. (I Cor 12:10, e.g., Acts 2:5-11)

 h.      The spiritual tongues, if interpreted, will edify the congregation. (I Cor 14:26-28)

 i.        Speaking in the spiritual tongues, which is directed toward God at prayer, is a common characteristic and an all-time manifestation of the believers who have received the baptism of the Holy Spirit. The special tongues for the edification of the congregation is one of the spiritual gifts, such as gift of healing. The special gift is not commonly received. (I Cor 12:7-11)

 j.        Interpreting the spiritual tongues is also one of the spiritual gifts, but not every believer has this sort of gift (I Cor 12:10). Sometimes the one who speaks in tongues would interpret the tongues by him/herself, and other times the spiritual tongues are to be interpreted by someone else (I Cor 12:30, 14:5, 13, 28).

 k.      When one is filled with the Holy Spirit, he will sing spiritual songs. (I Cor 14:15, Col 3:16, Eph 5:19)

 l.        Those who have received the Holy Spirit must pray at all times, so as to edify their own spirituality and request for more spiritual gifts.  (I Cor 14:4, 39, 40, 18; 12:7-12)

3.        The Movement (or Touch) of the Holy Spirit.

To be baptized in the Holy Spirit differs from the touching or moving of the Holy Spirit. The Spirit baptism is the downpouring, immersion, occupation, and indwelling of the Holy spirit (Jn 14:16, 17). To be moved by the Holy Spirit is only momentary and temporary.

 a.      The Holy Spirit moved people to know Jesus. (1 Cor 12:3)

 b.      He moved Peter to recognize Jesus as the Christ of God. (Mat 16:15-17)

 c.      He inspired Lydia to understand the Gospel's truth. (Acts 16:14, 15)

 d.      On the day of Pentecost the Holy Spirit convicted thousands of people to believe and repent. (Acts 2:37-41)

4.        How to Pray for the Hoy Spirit

 a.      One must believe the Lord's promise. (Jn 14:15-17, Acts 1:4,5)

 b.      One must believe and follow the "gospel of salvation". (Eph 1:13, Acts 2:38,39, 5:32)

 c.      One must receive the water baptism for remission of sins. (Acts 19:2-5, 2:38)

 d.      One receives the laying of hands by the Spirit-filled ministers. (Acts 8:14-17, 19:6)

 e.      One must persevere in continued and importunate prayers. (Acts 1:14, Lk 11:5-13)

5.        How to Distinguish the Holy Spirit           from the evil spirit

Do not believe all the spirits. We must pray to God for spiritual discernment. (I Jn 4:1, I Cor 12:10)

 a.      Expressions of the Holy Spirit are as follows:

(a)     Spiritual tongues flow from the belly, or the innermost part. (Jn 7:38)

(b)     Spiritual songs are melodious and pleasing. (Eph 5:19, Rev 19:2,3)

(c)     The consciousness is clear, the vibration is orderly and the ones filled with Holy Spirit are subject to sensible ruling (i.e. the spirits of the prophets are subject to prophets) (I Cor 14:32, 33,39, 40).

(d)     At the immediate moment of receiving the Holy Spirit, one's physical movement and voice become tremendous. Sometimes laughter or weeping would accompany the prayer. The one who has received Spirit baptism is full of joy, brightness, and clarity inside (Acts 4:31, Is 61:3, Rom 14:17).

(e)     Satan would disguise himself to be the angels of light and confuse the truth and the work of the Holy Spirit. We ought to pray for the gifts of spiritual discernment and guard against the Devil's attack.  (II Cor 11:14, I Cor 12:10, Eph 4:27, 6:16)


1.        What are the understanding and the attitude we should have toward praying in the Spirit?

2.        How can a person be edified through the prayer in spirit?

Publisher: True Jesus Church