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30: Confrontation in the Temple (1) (Mt 21:23-22:14)
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30: Confrontation in the Temple (1) (Mt 21:23-22:14)

I.       The Basics

A.     Setting

From this point on, the confrontation between Jesus and the Pharisees would continue to mount. In this lesson, the Lord silenced those who questioned His authority and gave three parables that pronounced judgment on the chief priests, elders, and Pharisees. Far from being repentant, these religious leaders sought to lay their hands on Him. In time, their hardened hearts would turn into intense hatred.

B.     Key Verse

            “Jesus said to them, ‘Have you never read in the Scriptures: ‘The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone. This was the LORD’S doing, And it is marvelous in our eyes’?’” (21:42).

II.    Observation

A.     Outline





B.     Key Words/Phrases

III. General Analysis

1a. To what two things was the kingdom of heaven compared?

1b. In the three parables, who are worthy of the kingdom of heaven?

2. How many times in this passage were the religious leaders caught in a dilemma?

IV.  Segment Analysis

A.     21:23-27

1a. What are “these things” in 23?

1b. Why did the chief priests and elders question Jesus’ authority?

2a. Why did Jesus ask them about John’s baptism?

2b. What was the problem of these chief priests and elders, and how did Jesus’ counter-question reveal their problem?

B.     21:28-32

3a. What was different between these two sons?

3b. Which son is more similar to you?

4. Why would tax collectors and harlots enter the kingdom of God before the Pharisees and elders?

5. How is this parable linked to 23-27?

C.     21:33-46

6. What did the following represent in the parable?

6a. Landowner

6b. Vineyard

6c. Vinedressers

6d. Servants

7. Why did the vinedressers commit such great wickedness?

8. What was the effect of letting the listeners answer the question in 40 and 41?

9. How should we render to God the fruits in their seasons?

10a. What was the meaning of the teaching about the stone?

10b. What reasons would cause someone to reject Jesus?

11. What did the reaction and fear of the chief priests and Pharisees tell us about them?

D.     22:1-14

12a. What does this parable suggest about the gospel of salvation and the status of believers?

12b. How does the parable show man’s persistent refusal to accept the gospel?

13. What does the wedding garment represent? Why was it such an offense to not wear the wedding garment?

14a. How was the first invitation different from the second? Who did the two groups of people represent?

14b. In this parable, who were called, and who were chosen? 

15. According to this parable, what must we do to enter God’s kingdom?

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