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The Important Teachings in the Book of Proverbs





1.        Commentary On God Fearing

2.        Commentary On Filial Piety

3.        Commentary On Wisdom

4.        Commentary On Foolishness

5.        Commentary On The Wise And The Foolish

6.        Commentary On Counselling

7.        The Prefiguration Of Wisdom

8.        The Calls Of Wisdom

9.        Advices Given To The Youths

10.     Discipline The Children

11.     The Two Kinds Of Home

12.     Commentary On The Blessed Home

13.     Commentary On The Kind And The Faithful

14.     Commentary On The Proud And The Humble

15.     Commentary On The Diligent And The Slothful

16.     Commentary On Mouth And Tongue

17.     Commentary On Speech

18.     Commentary On Hearing

19.     Commentary On Quick Temper

20.     Commentary On Gentleness

21.     Commentary On Strife

22.     Commentary On Friends

23.     Commentary On Love And Hatred

24.     Commentary On Trusting The Lord

25.     The

Two Ways

26.     Commentary On The Righteous

27.     Commentary On The Wicked

28.     Commentary On Wealth

29.     Commentary On The Rich and The Poor

30.     Commentary On Alms Giving

31.     Commentary On Wine

32.     Commentary On The Eyes

33.     Commentary On Cheerfulness

34.     Commentary On Kings

35.     The Two Kinds of Women

36.     God Hates The Seven Things

37.     The True Words Of Agur

38.     The True Words of Lemuel



1.        The Name of the Book

 a.      It is the book of wisdom in its third series.

 b.      Proverbs in Chinese carries the meaning to control and to advise.

 c.      The wisdom in Proverbs mainly refers to man’s understanding of God and the fearing of Him (1:7; 9:10).

 d.      Only by having such true wisdom can man manifest his high moral and fine character such as holiness, righteousness, goodness and gentleness.

 e.      As such, this book contains full of valuable advice worthy of indeed, a precious book of Proverbs.

2.        The Author

In Chapter 1 verse 1 in this book, it is stated that, “The Proverbs of Solomon, son of David, King of Israel.”

 a.      Solomon (1 Kings 3:7-12; -34).

 b.      The wise people (22:17; 24:23; Obad 8; Jer 18:18).

 c.      The men of Hezekiah (25:1)

 d.      Agur, son of Jaheh (30:1).

 e.      King Lemuel (31:1).

3.        The Aim

 a.      To make men understand wisdom and words of insight (2).

 b.      To make men receive instruction in wise dealing, righteousness, justice and equity (3)

 c.      To make the foolish prudent (4 first half)

 d.      To instruct the youths with knowledge and discretion (4 second half)

 e.      To enable the wise man hear and increase in learning (5 second half)

 f.       To enable the man of understanding acquire skill (5 2nd half)

 g.      To make men understand a proverb and a figure, the words of the wise and their riddles (6)

4.        The Special Qualities

 a.      The presence of sound instructions

 b.      Can be reached out far and wide

 c.      Interesting and exciting

 d.      It leads people to goodness and to God

5.        Paragraphing

 a.      preface (1:1-7)

(a)     The names of the authors (1)

(b)     The aim of the book (2-6)

(c)     The theme of the book (7)

 b.      the proverbs of Solomon (part one) (1:8-9:18).

 c.      The proverbs of Solomon (part two) (10:1-22:16)

 d.      The proverbs of the wise (22:17-24:34)

 e.      The proverbs of Solomon (part three) (25:1-29:27)

 f.       The true words of Agur (30:1-33)

 g.      The true words of King Lemuel (31:1-31)


1.        Commentary On God Fearing

 a.      The significance of God fearing

(a)     To pay reverence to God

(b)     To worship God

(c)     To serve God

(d)     To obey God

(e)     To trust God

 b.      The manifestations of God fearing

(a)     The hatred of evil ()

(b)     To turn away from evil (3:7; 16:6, 17)

(c)     Not to associate with the wicked (24:21-22)

(d)     To be humble (22:4; 15:33)

 c.      The good of God fearing

(a)     Prolongs and strengthen one’s life (,29)

(b)     Will have a refuge and strong confidence (14:26)

(c)     Will lead one to live a satisfied life and that he will not be harmed (19:23)

(d)     Will lead one to avoid the snares of death (14:27; 19:23)

(e)     There is a future and the hope will not be cut off (23:17-18)

(f)      There is no hatred but love will prevail instead (15:16-17)

(g)     The reward for fear of the Lord are richness, honour and a prolong life (22:4)

(h)     The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge and is also instruction in wisdom (1:7; 15:33)

2.        Commentary on Filial Piety

Filial Piety is a matter of course, it is only second to God fearing.

 a.      The four things we must not do

(a)     Do not shame our parents (28:7; 29:15)

(b)     Do not despise our parents (15:5; 23:22)

(c)     Do not ill-treat our parents (19:26)

(d)     Do not grieve our parents (19:13; 17:21, 25)

 b.      The two things we must do

(a)     Listen to our parents’ instructions (; 1:8; )

(b)     Make our parents happy (-25; 27:11; 29:3)

 c.      The undutiful children

(a)     Their lamp will be put out in utter darkness ()

(b)     Their eyes will be picked out by the ravens (30:17)

 d.      The filial children

(a)     They will enjoy the peace and their life will be prolonged (3:1-2; )

(b)     They are a fair garland of the head and pedants of the neck (1:9; 3:22)

(c)     When I was a son with my father, tender, the only on in the sight of my mother. (4:3)

3.        Commentary On Wisdom

 a.      The prize of wisdom

(a)     The beginning of wisdom is to get wisdom (4:7)

(b)     The wise will inherit hour (3:35)

(c)     There is nothing which can be compared with wisdom (8:11)

(d)     Everyone loves wisdom (23:24; 27:11)

(e)     Wisdom guards people (4:6)

(f)      One who is wise wins souls (11:30)

(g)     Gains King’s favour (14:35)

 b.      The manifestation of wisdom

(a)     Mightier than a strong man (24:5)

(b)     A wise men scales the city of the mighty ()

(c)     The prudent man ignores an insult (12:16)

(d)     A prudent man is slow to anger (14:29; 29:11)

(e)     A wise man is cautious and turns away from evil (16:14)

(f)      A wise man listens to advice (12:15; 13:10)

(g)     A wise man turns away wrath (29:8, 11)

(h)     The prudent is cautious where he is going (14:15)

(i)       Wise men lay up knowledge (10:14; 14:18, 24)

(j)       A man of understanding remains silent (10:19; 11:12; 10:13)

 c.      The source of wisdom

(a)     The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom (1:7; )

(b)     One who heeds admonition gains understanding (9:8; 15:5; 19:20; 15:31-32)

(c)     Humble enough to receive instructions (9:9)

(d)     To seek and search (2:1-5)

(e)     To walk with wise men (13:20)

4.        Commentary On Foolishness

 a.      The manifestation of the foolish

(a)     He who belittles others ()

(b)     He who despises wisdom (1:7; 23:9; 15:5)

(c)     Fools hate knowledge (1:22)

(d)     A fool gives full vent to his anger (29:11; 12:16; 14:17, 29)

(e)     It is like sport to a fool to do wrong (10:23; 14:9)

(f)      The mouths of fools pours out folly (15:2; 13:16)

(g)     He who trusts in his own mind (28:26)

(h)     A fool will repeat his folly (26:11)

(i)       A fool throws off restraint and is careless (14:16)

(j)       The simple believes everything (14:15)

(k)     A fool is ready to express his opinion (18:2)

(l)       The way of a fool is right in his own eyes (12:15)

(m)    Every fool likes quarrelling (20:3)

(n)     A fool likes to give his answer before he hears (18:13)

 b.      The harm of the foolish

(a)     Is easily deceived (-23; -18)

(b)     A foolish son is a sorrow to his parents (10:1; 17:21, 25)

(c)     The simple acquires folly (14:18, 24)

(d)     The companion of fools will suffer harm (26:6, 10; 13:20)

(e)     Folly is the chastisement of the fools (16:22; 18:6; 26:3)

(f)      A foolish son is ruin to his parents (19:13)

(g)     A fool’s lips are a snare to himself (18:7)

(h)     The fool will be servant to the wise (11:29)

(i)       The complacence of fools destroys them (1:32; 10:21)

5.        Commentary On the Wise and the Foolish

 a.      A wise son makes a glad father, but a foolish son is a sorrow to his mother (10:1)

 b.      On the lips of him who has the understanding wisdom is found but a rod is for the back of him who lacks sense (10:13)

Publisher: True Jesus Church