Pneumatology (The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit)
Is The Holy Spirit?
The “Personality” of the Holy Spirit
While the Holy Spirit is
spiritual and not fleshly, thus appearing beyond humanity and “personhood,” the
Bible records the “personality” of the Holy Spirit. When the Lord Jesus
referred to the Holy Spirit, the pronoun “he” was used, indicating the
existence of a “personality” (Jn 14:26, 15:26, 16:8). “Personality,” as used
here, may refer to the characteristics of a person, which may be categorized into
three: wisdom, emotion, and will.
The Holy Spirit can be characterized as having
wisdom or intelligence. The Holy Spirit bears witness (Jn 15:26); he
distinguishes between good and evil, which may lead to grieving over evil (cf.
Eph 4:30); he creates all things (Gen 1:1, 2); he searches all things (1 Cor
In terms of emotion: the Holy Spirit grieves
(Eph 4:30), comforts people (Acts 9:31), and intercedes for believers (Rom
In terms of will or determination: the Holy
Spirit makes decisions (Acts 15:28), forbids disciples from preaching in
certain areas in his guidance of the ministry (Acts 16:7), sends out holy
workers (Acts 13:1–4), and distributes spiritual gifts to believers (1 Cor
Who Is the Holy Spirit?
In the Scriptures, the Holy
Spirit is often called the Spirit of God, showing the Spirit and God are one and the same. They are
The Holy Spirit is the one true God.
God said, “I will put my Spirit within you, and
cause you to walk in my statutes and be careful to observe my ordinances” (Ezek
36:27; cf. 37:14).
Jesus said, “God is Spirit, and those who
worship him must worship in spirit and truth” (Jn 4:24).
Paul said, “There are varieties of working, but
it is the same God who inspires them all in every one” (1 Cor 12:6; cf. Phil
Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your
heart to lie to the Holy Spirit ... you have not lied
to men but to God” (Acts 5:3, 4).
John said, “We know that he abides in us, by the
Spirit which he has given us” (1 Jn 3:24).
The Holy Spirit is Jesus Christ.
“And because you are sons, God has sent the
Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, ‘Abba! Father!’ ” (Gal 4:6).
“Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the
Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom” (2 Cor 3:17).
In Acts, the Spirit said to Philip, “Go near and
overtake this chariot [i.e., the Ethiopian eunuch’s chariot]” (Acts 8:29).
After Philip finished his work with the eunuch, the Spirit of the Lord (Jesus)
caught Philip away (Acts 8:39). Thus, we see that the Spirit and the Spirit of
the Lord are the same (Acts 8:29–39).
In Acts 16:6, Paul and the others were forbidden
to preach in the Roman province of Asia. In
Acts 16:7, some authoritative manuscripts read “the Spirit of Jesus” did not
allow them to go into Bithynia.
“But the anointing which you received from him
abides in you, and you have no need that any one should teach you; as his
anointing teaches you about everything, and is true, and is no lie, just as it
has taught you, abide in him” (1 Jn 2:27). From this passage, we know that the
“anointing” refers to the Holy Spirit or Holy One (1 Jn 2:20). Also, “the
anointing which you received from him” may refer to the anointing by Jesus
Christ (1 Jn 2:27).
“But you are not in the flesh,
you are in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Any one who
does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him” (Rom 8:9).
From this passage we learn that the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of God, and the
Spirit of Christ (Jesus) refers to the same Spirit. Thus, the Holy Spirit is
God, for God is Spirit (Jn 4:24), and the Holy Spirit is Jesus Christ, for in
Jesus is the essence of God (Col
Names And Titles Of The Holy Spirit
The Spirit of God; the Spirit of the LORD (Isa
11:2; Mt 3:16).
The Spirit of the Father; the Spirit of the Lord
(Mt 10:20; Lk 4:18).
The Spirit of Christ; the Spirit of Jesus (Acts
16:7; Rom 8:9)
The Spirit of truth; the
Counselor/Comforter/Advocate (Jn 14:26; 16:13).
The Spirit of holiness; the Holy Spirit (Lk
2:26; Rom 1:4).
The Spirit of wisdom and revelation (Deut 34:9;
The Spirit of burning; the Spirit of the fear of
the Lord (Isa 4:4,11:2).
The Spirit of grace; the Spirit of life; the
Spirit of compassion and supplication (Zech 12:10; Rom 8:2; Heb 10:29).
The Work Of The Holy Spirit In The Old Testament
In the beginning, at creation, the Spirit of God
hovered over the face of the waters (Gen 1:2).
“When thou sendest forth thy Spirit, they are
created” (Ps 104:30).
“By his wind the heavens were made fair” (Job
“The Spirit of God has made me, and the breadth
of the Almighty gives me life” (Job 33:4).
Giving Power to People
God’s Spirit gave Joseph the ability to rule
He gave Joshua leadership ability (Num 27:18–20;
Deut 34:9; cf. Josh 4:14).
He enabled seventy elders to rule over Israel
(Num 11:16, 17).
He gave knowledge and craftsmanship to Bezalel
and others (Ex 31:2–6, 35:30, 31).
He gave Samson immense strength (Judg 14:6, 19,
He gave Daniel the ability to interpret dreams
(Dan 4:8, 9, 18, 5:14; cf. Dan 1:17–20).
Instruction, Warning and Prophecy from the
Prophets (Neh 9:30; Zech 7:12; Heb 1:1; 2 Pet 1:21).
The Spirit of the LORD made David prophesy (1
Sam 16:13; 2 Sam 23:2; 1 Chr 28:12).
God’s Spirit made Azariah exhort
king Asa (2 Chr 15:1–7).
The Spirit of the LORD made Jahaziel predict the
victory of Judah
for king Jehoshaphat (2 Chr 20:14–17).
God’s Spirit moved Zechariah to warn king Joash
(2 Chr 24:20–22).
Micaiah predicted that king Ahab would die in
the battlefield (1 Kgs 22:13–25).
Ezekiel was brought by God’s Spirit to speak all
things to the people of captivity in Chaldea
Micah, filled with power from the Spirit of the
LORD, declared the transgressions and sins of the people to Israel (Mic 3:8).
Symbolism Of The Holy Spirit
Wind (Jn 3:8; Acts 2:2)
“Wind, “breath,” and “spirit” are
all the same word in Hebrew and Greek.
The wind (breath) sustains life.
Breathing gives us life, and the wind is our
breath (Ezek 37:9, 10).
Likewise, our soul cannot live without the
Spirit of God (Ezek 37:14).
The wind blows away the clouds (Job 37:21).
In nature, the wind blows away
clouds, which clear up the skies. Likewise, the cares and sorrows of people who
have the fullness of the Holy Spirit will also be blown away. Naturally, with
the fullness of the Holy Spirit, our inner brightness and joy will overflow in
abundance (cf. Acts 5:41; Gal 5:22; 1 Pet 4:12–14).
People can see the movement of the wind (Jn
The wind itself is not visible,
but the objects blown by the wind can be perceived. The same is true for those
receiving the Holy Spirit. While we cannot see the Spirit, we can perceive when
one has received or been touched by the Holy Spirit, e.g., through bodily
movement or a renewed life (Acts 2:33, 8:18, 10:44–47).
Fire (Isa 4:4; Acts 2:3)
Fire has heat.
The Holy Spirit helps God’s chosen to be fervent
‑Jeremiah was moved by the Holy Spirit, which
was like a burning fire within his heart (Jer 20:9).
Fire has light.
The light of the Holy Spirit shines in us (2 Cor
The Holy Spirit helps us distinguish between
good and evil (1 Cor 2:10; Eph 1:17, 18).
The Holy Spirit guides our way (Ex 13:21, 22,
40:38; Ps 105:39).
Fire can burn and melt.
The Holy Spirit burns away our filth (Isa 3:3,
The Holy Spirit fuses the many different
believers into one body (1 Cor 12:13; Eph 4:3).
Rain (Zech 10:1)
The rain waters the earth (Isa 55:10).
‑The Spirit of God comes to us like rain, which
waters the earth (Hos 6:3).
Human hearts are like “a garden without water” (Isa
After the downpour of the Holy Spirit, the
barren wilderness of the human heart becomes a fruitful field which bears
various fruits (Isa 32:15, 16; Gal 5:22, 23).
God causes the rain to pour abundantly upon
humanity by gathering small drops of water in the air to form clouds (Job
If clouds are full of rain, they empty
themselves upon the earth (Eccl 11:3). This distilling of the clouds may mean
that those full of the Spirit will spread their goodness to the earth.
The Holy Spirit comes upon those who seek God
fully and earnestly in their prayers (Lk 11:5–13; Acts 1:14; 2:1).
Water (Jn 7:37–39)
Water relieves thirst (Ps 104:10, 11; Jn 4:13).
The Holy Spirit fulfills humanity’s spiritual thirst (Jn 4:14; Rev 22:17).
Water washes away filth (Num 31:23, 24; Heb
The Holy Spirit sanctifies people (Rom 15:16; 2
Water flows downwards, which teaches us that the
Holy Spirit will be given to those who are humble (Acts 5:32; 1 Pet 5:5).
Oil (Heb 1:9; 1 Jn 2:27)
Oil is an item sanctified by God in sacrificial
rites (Ex 30:25–29). It has been used for:
Anointing prophets (1 Kgs 19:16).
Those in the ministry must be anointed by the
Holy Spirit (Lk 4:18; Acts 1:4, 5, 8).
Anointing priests (Ex 40:12–15).
All who are anointed by the Holy Spirit, the
anointing of grace, are holy priests (1 Pet 2:5; Rev 1:6, 5:10).
Anointing kings (1 Sam 16:13).
Some authoritative texts point towards a
conclusion that those who received the Holy Spirit have the power of kingship
(Jn 20:22, 23; Rev 1:6, 5:10).
Oil is a fuel for the lamp (Lev 24:2).
Filled with the Holy Spirit,
people will radiate the light of life (Mt 5:16, 25:1–13).
Dove (Mt 3:16)
Gentle and meek (Mt 10:16).
The Holy Spirit grants peace,
goodness, and tenderness (Gal 5:22, 23; cf. Isa 65:25).
The Prefiguration of Noah’s dove (Gen 8:8–12).
Upon Noah’s first sending, the dove returned to
the ark because the flood had not yet subsided. This typifies that the
period/era of the indwelling Holy Spirit did not come yet. The Holy Spirit did
not come during the period/era of the law (generally known as the Old
The time was not full. The Lord Jesus had not
yet come in flesh (Gal 4:4).
Christ had not died for the sins of the whole
world. The Holy Spirit would not come until God’s redemptive plan was
manifested (Jn 7:37–39).
Upon the second sending, the dove returned to
the ark with an olive leaf in her mouth (cf. Jer 11:16; Hos 14:6).
The dove’s second return typifies the period of
the “early/fall rain” (i.e., the apostolic era), when the Holy Spirit descended
on Pentecost. The early church bore many spiritual fruits by the Holy Spirit,
which is symbolized by the olive leaf (cf. Jas 1:18). This is something that we
too should try to exemplify today.
After seven days (i.e., God’s designated time),
Noah sent forth the dove for a third time, but it did not return to the ark.
The dove’s failure to return represented that the ground was dry and the work
of the ark was complete—thus typifying that, during the period of the
“latter/spring rain,” God will send forth his Holy Spirit to establish his true
church on earth. The ministry of the Holy Spirit will not come to an end until
the work of the church is complete and Jesus comes again (cf. Joel 2:28–31; Jas
Seal (Eph 1:13)
A seal certifies the completion of certain
important procedures (Jer 32:10). That is, seals are an indication that certain
requirements have been met. In the same way, the Holy Spirit is a seal in the
sense that it verifies whether a person has completed the “procedures” of
salvation, namely, belief, repentance, water baptism, etc. (cf. Mt 3:15–17;
Acts 2:38, 19:2–7).
The seal of the Holy Spirit proves that one
belongs to God (2 Tim 2:19). No one belongs to Christ without having the Holy
Spirit (Rom 8:9).
The seal of the Holy Spirit seals us for the day
of redemption (Eph 4:30).
Written documents, authorized by a seal, may not
be reversed or obliterated (Est 8:8; Dan 6:15–17).
The Holy Spirit guarantees our heavenly
inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession (2 Cor 5:4, 5; Eph
Prophetic Truth And God’s Promises
We must treasure the fact that
the Almighty God gives us his Holy Spirit. The following are the prophecies and
promises concerning the Holy Spirit.
The Prophetic Truth in the Old Testament
Explicit and definite promises
“Give heed to my reproof; behold, I will pour
out my thoughts to you; I will make my words known to you” (Prov 1:23).
“For I will pour water on the thirsty land, and
streams on the dry ground; I will pour my Spirit upon your descendants, and my
blessing on your offspring” (Isa 44:3; cf. 32:15).
“And I will give them one heart, and put a new
spirit within them; I will take the stony heart out of their flesh and give
them a heart of flesh” (Ezek 11:19; cf. 36:26; 37:14).
“And I will not hide my face any more from them,
when I pour out my Spirit upon the house of Israel” (Ezek 39:29).
“And it shall come to pass afterward, that I
will pour out my Spirit on all flesh...” (Joel 2:28, 29; cf. Zech 12:10).
John the baptist said, “but he who is coming
after me is mightier than I ... he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and
with fire” (Mt 3:11).
Implied and metaphorical promises
He will give the rain for your land in its
season, the early rain and the later rain...” (Deut 11:14; Jer 5:24).
“Be glad ... for he has given the early rain for
your vindication, he has poured down for you abundant rain, the early and the
latter rain, as before” (Joel 2:23, 24).
“There is a river whose streams make glad the
city of God,
the holy habitation of the Most High” (Ps 46:4; cf. Ezek 47:9; Jn 7:38; Rev
“On that day living waters shall flow out from Jerusalem, half of them to
the eastern sea and half of them to the western sea; it shall continue in
summer as in winter” (Zech 14:8).
Promises Made by the Lord Jesus Himself
Before the crucifixion
“He who believes in me, as the Scripture has
said, ‘Out of his heart shall flow rivers of living water’ ” (Jn 7:38–39).
“And I will pray the Father, and he will give
you another Counselor, to be with you forever...” (Jn 14:16–18).
“When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide
you into all the truth; for he will not speak on his own authority, but
whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are
to come” (Jn 16:13; cf. Lk 11:13; Jn 14:26, 15:26, 16:7, 17).
After the resurrection
“He breathed on them, and said to them, ‘Receive
the Holy Spirit’ ” (Jn 20:21–23).
“And behold, I send the promise of my Father
upon you; but stay in the city, until you are clothed with power from on high”
“Before many days you shall be baptized with the
Holy Spirit” (Acts 1:4, 5, 8).
The Holy Spirit Has Come
The Lord is a faithful and
merciful God who keeps his covenant (Deut 7:9). He remains faithful and cannot
deny himself (2 Tim 2:13). He will fulfill what he has promised.
The Former Rain Is a Metaphor for the Descent of
the Holy Spirit in the Apostolic Era
The former rain came at God’s
John the baptist predicted Jesus would baptize
people with the Holy Spirit (Mt 3:11; Jn 1:32, 33).
During Jesus’ ministry, the Holy Spirit did not
come until Jesus died on the cross, resurrected, and ascended for ten days (Jn
Jesus promised his disciples, “If I do not go
away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you”
The disciples obeyed the Lord, and waited in Jerusalem for the coming
of the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:4, 5, 12–14).
It came to pass that on the day of Pentecost,
the promised Holy Spirit came (Acts 2:1–4, 16–18).
During the early church period, for those who
repented of their sins, believed in Jesus, were baptized in Jesus’ name, and
prayed earnestly, they received the Holy Spirit (Acts 8:14–20, 10:44–47,
11:15–17, 15:8, 19:1–7; Eph 1:13, 14).
“Our God, who gives the rain in its season, the
autumn rain and the spring rain” (Jer 5:24).
The former rain and the latter rain, or the fall
rain and the spring rain, metaphorically indicates a period when the Holy
Spirit descends. In the near east, rainfall occurs in two seasons. The autumn
or fall rain comes before the sowing season, bringing agricultural life to the
parched land after summer. The spring rain, on the other hand, usually arrives
in time to help ripen the crops. The Holy Spirit first descended on the day of
Pentecost, resulting in the rapid growth of the early church, much like the
fall rain results in agricultural growth (Acts 1:8, 2:46, 47, 6:7). Thus, the
Holy Spirit the early believers received in the early church period was the
The Holy Spirit Ceased to Come
The downpour of the Holy Spirit
continued in the early church for a century or two. However, due to the
heresies, apostasy, and false doctrines spreading the early church, the Holy
Spirit departed from the corrupted church. The Holy Spirit’s departure from a
corrupted church was not accidental, God knew
beforehand what would occur in the midst of such corruption.
Passages and Prophecies concerning the
discontinuation of the Holy Spirit.
“You have polluted the land with your vile
harlotry. Therefore, the showers have been withheld, and the spring rain has
not come; yet you have a harlot’s brow, you refuse to be ashamed” (Jer 3:2, 3).
This passage speaks of God’s chosen compromising with the world and being
unfaithful to God, which results in a lack of rain.
The vineyard brought forth wild grapes, i.e.
those of degraded quality. So God commanded the clouds that they rain no rain
upon the vineyard (Isa 5:3–7; Jer 2:21).
“He turns rivers into a desert, springs of water
into thirsty ground, a fruitful land into a salty waste, because of the
wickedness of its inhabitants” (Ps 107:33, 34).
“On account of the evil of your doings, because
you have forsaken me.... The LORD will make the rain of your land powder and
dust...” (Deut 28:20–24).
During king Ahab’s
reign, because of the apostasy of king Ahab and queen Jezebel, there was no
rain in the kingdom
of Israel. This typifies
that God does not want to give the Holy Spirit to the apostate church (1 Kgs
The decline of the early church
In the early church period, some people preached
another gospel—thus changing the original gospel (2 Cor 11:4; Gal 1:6–9).
Jude exhorted the saints to “contend for the
faith which was once for all delivered to the saints” (Jude 3).
According to Revelation 2 and 3, we know that the
early church struggled in the faith and many churches were already corrupt.
Therefore, how could the Lord Jesus abide with,
or the Holy Spirit indwell, in a church that was disobedient and had perverted
the gospel? (Mt 28:20; cf. Josh 7:12).
The Latter Rain, a Metaphor for the Descent of
the Holy Spirit in the End Times—A Sign That the Church Must Resume the Divine Mission
Prophecies concerning the latter rain.
“Be glad, O sons of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD, your God; for
he has given the early rain for your vindication, he has poured down for you
abundant rain, the early and the latter rain, as before” (Joel 2:23; cf. Deut
11:14; Jer 5:24).
The farmer waits for the precious fruit of the
earth, and has long patience over it, until it receives the early and the
latter rain (Jas 5:7). The former (autumn or early) rain comes between
September and October; the latter (spring) rain comes between March and April.
Rain symbolizes the Holy Spirit. The rain falls in two seasons, which
represents the Holy Spirit will likewise descend in
two periods. In the apostolic epoch, God gave the Holy Spirit as the “former
rain.” And in order to complete the ripening of crops for harvest, i.e.,
salvation before the dreadful day of the Lord, God has given the Holy Spirit in
the “latter rain” period (Joel 2:28–31).
“Ask rain from the LORD in the season of the
spring rain” (Zech 10:1).
End-time typologies of the restoration of the
Holy Spirit in the True Jesus Church.
The type of Elijah’s prayer for the rain.
Elijah, a powerful prophet, prayed to God so
that rain ceased to descend for three and a half years. Later, Elijah would
pray for the restoration of rain in the kingdom of Israel.
The prophecy in Malachi 4:5 states the Lord will send Elijah before the great
and dreadful day of the Lord, which indicates the True Jesus Church, like
Elijah, will be sent to perform God’s works before his coming. Elijah guided an
apostate Israel to return to God, which assuaged God’s wrath and resulted in
the long-awaited rain (cf. 1 Kgs 17:1, 18:1, 21, 22, 41–45; Jas 5:17).
Likewise, by the Holy Spirit’s power, the true church must contend for the
faith which was once for all delivered to the saints. The true church’s
responsibility includes guiding people to the truth, leading people away from their
idolatry and false doctrines, and turning the heart of the heavenly Father to
his children. Through the True Jesus Church, God has given the promised Holy
Spirit to those who believe and accept the faith in the Bible. So the True
Jesus Church must boldly work to spread salvation, lest the Lord come and
strike the earth with a curse (Mic 3:8; Mal 4:6).
Elijah prefigures John the baptist. John was a
forerunner paving the way for the Lord Jesus. In the last days, the true church
appears in the world to pave the way for the Lord’s second coming (Isa 40:3–5;
Mt 17:10–13; Lk 1:15–17).
The type of temple restoration.
The templeSolomon built was burned down as God’s
punishment for the apostasy of his people Israel. Many Israelites were taken
to Babylon in
captivity, often known as the “Babylonian Captivity” (2 Kgs 25:8–12). According
to prophecy, the captivity would last seventy years. In order to fulfill the
prophecy, God stirred up Cyrus, king of Persia, to proclaim a decree stating
Israelites could return to Palestine to rebuild the temple (2 Chr 36:17–23).
The temple restoration typifies the rebuilding
of the spiritual temple—the true church, which would likewise undergo the same
pattern: institution, destruction, and restoration (1 Cor 3:16, 17, 6:19; Eph
2:19–20; 1 Pet 2:5). Seventy years signify God’s designated period of time. At
present, it is time to restore the temple (cf. Isa 58:12, 61:4; Amos 9:11). In
the Old Testament, the building of the physical temple depended upon the Spirit
of God (Zech 4:6). The present time is no different,
the building of the true church also depends on our reliance on the power of
the Holy Spirit. The fact that the Holy Spirit descended in this century shows
we must rely on the Holy Spirit. All of God’s people have been working for the
holy mission under the guidance of God’s Spirit (cf. Neh 6:3; Acts 1:8).
According to God’s promise, the splendor of the
latter house shall be greater than the former one (Hag 2:9). The latter house
refers to the spiritual temple.
Where is the true church established by the Holy
Spirit in the last days?
“And the LORD God planted a garden in Eden, in the east; and
there he put the man whom he had formed” (Gen 2:8). This passage suggests God
placed his chosen in the east.
“At the east of the garden of Eden he placed the
cherubim, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the
tree of life” (Gen 3:24). The flaming sword suggests that the only way to enter
into eternal life or salvation is to go through the flames (suggesting the baptism
of the Holy Spirit and fire; cf. Mt 3:11; Acts 2:3).
“The glory of the God of Israel came from the
east; and the sound of his coming was like the sound of many waters” (Ezek
43:2; cf. Rev 19:6, 7, 21:10, 11). Here, the passage speaks of God’s glory
coming from the east (cf. Mt 24:27).
“Then I saw another angel ascend from the rising
of the sun, with the seal of the living God” (Rev 7:2; cf. Eph 1:13). The
messenger ascends from the east to seal with the Holy Spirit.
“Surely these shall come from afar. Look! Those
from the north and the west, and these from the land of Sinim
[Chin/Syene]” (Isa 49:12, NKJV). Sinim represents the east.
The gate to gain entrance to the tabernacle
faced east, towards the rising sun, where Judah pitched its tents (Num 2:3).
Whoever thus entered the tabernacle must do so in the light (Jn 3:19–21).
Jesus Christ was born in Bethlehem
(Mt 2:5–6), and later moved to Egypt
(Mt 2:13). After returning from Egypt,
he stayed and grew up in Nazareth,
a place where no prophets had ever emerged (Mt 2:23; Jn 1:46, 7:52).
Interestingly, the True Jesus Church grew up in and emerged from the east, a
very unlikely place given Christianity’s long association with the Western
The Work Of The Holy Spirit In The New Testament
The Holy Spirit gives people spiritual power (Lk
24:49; Acts 1:8, 4:13, 31, 13:9–12; 1 Cor 2:4; Eph 3:16).
He convicts people of the consciousness of sin
(Jn 16:8; Acts 2:37; cf. 1 Jn 2:27, 28).
He guides people to know the Lord Jesus (Jn
15:26; Acts 16:14; 1 Cor 12:3).
He reveals the truth (Jn 16:12, 13; 1 Cor 2:11;
Eph 1:17–19, 3:5).
He prays for the believers (Zech 12:10; Rom
8:26, 27; 1 Cor 14:2, 14, 15; Eph 6:18; Jude 20).
He sanctifies the believers (Rom 15:16; 2 Thess
2:13; 1 Pet 1:2).
He makes the believers bring forth the fruits of
the Holy Spirit (Gal
5:22, 23; Rev 22:1, 2).
He gives various spiritual gifts (1 Cor
The Holy Spirit Is Vitally Related To Salvation
To enter the kingdom of God
one should be reborn in the Holy Spirit (1 Sam 10:6; Jn 3:5; Acts 2:38; Tit
The Holy Spirit gives humanity everlasting life
(Ezek 37:14; Rom 8:2; 1 Cor 15:45; Gal 5:25; 1 Jn 5:12; Rev 22:17).
No one belongs to Christ without the Holy Spirit
(Rom 8:9; 2 Tim 2:19; 1 Jn 3:24).
The Holy Spirit adopts the believers as children
of God (Mt 3:16, 17; Rom 8:16; Gal 4:6–7).
The Holy Spirit gives people a pledge for
entering the heavenly kingdom (2 Cor 1:21; 22; Eph 1:13, 14).
On the last day, the Holy Spirit will resurrect
us (Rom 8:11; 2 Cor 5:1–5; Phil 3:21).
The Evidence Of Receiving The Holy Spirit
Believing in the Lord and
receiving the Holy Spirit are two different matters (Acts 19:1, 2; cf. 1:4, 5).
In the same way, receiving water baptism and receiving the baptism of the Holy
Spirit are two different matters (Acts 8:15, 16).
The apostles regarded speaking in tongues as the evidence of receiving
the Holy Spirit (Mk 16:17; Acts 2:4, 10:44–46, 19:6, 7).
When the Holy Spirit comes upon us, our bodies will be visibly shaken
(Acts 2:33, 8:18; cf. 4:31, 16:25, 26). The state of being filled with the Holy
Spirit may sometimes be mistaken for being drunk (Acts 2:13), or having gone
mad (1 Cor 14:33). At times, some may accuse one of being possessed of evil
What Is The Spiritual Tongue?
The spiritual tongue is the utterance done by the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:4,
Generally, no man understands the tongue (Acts 2:13; 1 Cor 14:2, 14, 16).
The unknown tongue is not an earthly language (1 Cor 14:10, 11, 13).
With the spiritual tongue the Holy Spirit prays and makes supplications
for believers (Rom 8:26, 27; 1 Cor 14:15).
The tongue edifies believers (1 Cor 14:4).
The unknown tongue is meaningful; and God moves other people to interpret
the tongue, i.e. through the gift of interpretation if necessary (Acts 2:5–11;
1 Cor 12:10).
If some one interprets the spiritual tongue, i.e. the gift of different
kinds of tongues of another person, the spiritual tongue becomes an
understandable prophecy to all (1 Cor 12:10, 14:26–28).
“To another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of
tongues” (1 Cor 12:10). Here the tongues are those which edify others and the
church (1 Cor 14:26–28), and are interpretable if one is moved to do so. This
kind of spiritual tongues is a special gift; and not every believer who has
received the Holy Spirit receives this gift of speaking different kinds
of tongues (1 Cor 12:30, 14:5, 13, 28).
Sometimes a person filled with the Holy Spirit is moved to sing spiritual
songs (1 Cor 14:15; Eph 5:19; Col
One should never restrain others from speaking in tongues, whether
self-edifying or in edification for the church (1 Cor 14:39, 40; cf. 1 Thess
How Can One Recieve The Holy Spirit?
A person should have a genuine and correct faith (Jn 14:15, 16, 21, 22;
Acts 5:32, 10:44–48; Gal 3:14; Eph 1:13).
A person should be baptized in the name of Jesus for the remission of
sins (Acts 2:38, 19:2–6).
A person should receive the laying of hands by the ordained elders or
deacons (Acts 8:14–17, 19:6; cf. Num 11:17–25).
A person should pray earnestly and diligently (Lk 11:5–13; Acts 1:14,
A person should wait for the coming of the Holy Spirit in the holy
city—the true church (Zech 14:17; Lk 24:49; Acts 1:4, 5; cf. Gal 4:26; Heb
How Can We Distinguish The Holy From Other
When a person is filled with the
Holy Spirit, he or she often manifest physical
vibratory movements. However, people may also vibrate when filled with other
spirits, namely, evil spirits.
The vibratory movement of people filled with the
Holy Spirit is orderly and decent. Oftentimes, while speaking in tongues during
prayer in the Spirit, one may laugh, cry, clap their hands, or sing spiritual
songs. After the person concludes the prayer in which the Holy Spirit moved him
or her, the person is composed as usual. A person’s spiritual tongue or song is distinct and powerful, and it issues from the innermost
part of one’s being. Moreover, after the infilling of the Holy Spirit, a person
who has the indwelling Holy Spirit is very peaceful and spiritally joyous (cf.
Jn 7:38; Rom 14:17; 1 Cor 14:32, 33, 39, 40).
Possession by an evil spirit is usually
manifested by a very disorderly vibratory movement. The crying or laughing goes
beyond normal and is queer. Additionally, facial or physical gestures are often
grotesque. When one is controlled by evil spirits, the person becomes
uncontrollable. He speaks in false tongues which are generally short, quick,
vague, and feeble. His utterance is labial, i.e., coming from the lips rather
than from a spiritual tongue. Also, the utterance is often mixed in with
intelligible words, though it may be a foreign language. At times, the demoniac
may act extravagantly or excessive. He may become haughty and proud, calling
himself Jesus, the Holy Spirit, a great hero, or an ancient saint. Sometimes, a
demoniac may point out certain Scriptures, pretending to be an angel of light,
but the instructions are for the most part profane and distorted (2 Cor 11:14).
A demoniac’s spiritual songs are mostly the tunes of this world, i.e. popular
or secular music. When a demoniac is moved by the evil spirit, he loses
consciousness and cannot control himself. He may squeak or mutter during a
possessed state (Isa 8:19), and he may seem to be in agony or heavily burdened.
Sometimes, a demoniac may roll on the floor, foam at the mouth, have bodily
convulsions, or inflict pain on himself or others. His
face may turn pale and his hands and feet are usually cold (cf. 1 Sam 18:10;
Isa 8:19; Mk 5:5, 9:8; Jn 3:31; Acts 16:16–18; 1 Jn 4:3, 5).